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The Extracellular Matrix An Overview

Author: Robert Mecham
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642165559
Size: 52.78 MB
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Knowledge of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential to understand cellular differentiation, tissue development, and tissue remodeling. This volume of the series “Biology of Extracellular Matrix” provides a timely overview of the structure, regulation, and function of the major macromolecules that make up the extracellular matrix. It covers topics such as collagen types and assembly of collagen-containing suprastructures, basement membrane, fibronectin and other cell-adhesive glycoproteins, proteoglycans, microfibrils, elastin, fibulins and matricellular proteins, such as thrombospondin. It also explores the concept that ECM components together with their cell surface receptors can be viewed as intricate nano-devices that allow cells to physically organize their 3-D-environment. Further, the role of the ECM in human disease and pathogenesis is discussed as well as the use of model organisms in elucidating ECM function.

Cell Biology Of Extracellular Matrix

Author: E.D. Hay
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461537703
Size: 76.65 MB
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In the ten-year interval since the first edition of this volume went to press, our knowledge of extracellular matrix (ECM) function and structure has enor mously increased. Extracellular matrix and cell-matrix interaction are now routine topics in the meetings and annual reviews sponsored by cell biology societies. Research in molecular biology has so advanced the number of known matrix molecules and the topic of gene structure and regulation that we won dered how best to incorporate the new material. For example, we deliberated over the inclusion of chapters on molecular genetics. We decided that with judicious editing we could present the recent findings in molecular biology within the same cell biology framework that was used for the first edition, using three broad headings: what is extracellular matrix, how is it made, and what does it do for cells? Maintaining control over the review of literature on the subject of ECM was not always an easy task, but we felt it was essential to production of a highly readable volume, one compact enough to serve the the student as an introduction and the investigator as a quick update on graduate the important recent discoveries. The first edition of this volume enjoyed con hope the reader finds this edition equally useful. siderable success; we D. Hay Elizabeth vii Contents Introductory Remarks 1 Elizabeth D. Hay PART I. WHAT IS EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX? Chapter 1 Collagen T. F. Linsenmayer 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2. The Collagen Molecule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2. 1. Triple-Helical Domain(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Structure And Function Of Collagen Types

Author: Richard Maynes
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323155715
Size: 35.98 MB
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Structure and Function of Collagen Types is a collection of articles that reviews the different types of collagens (Type I to XI). Each article focuses on a particular type of collagen and written by leading investigators in the collagen field. The book begins with a review of the fibril forming collagens (types I, II, and III) and traces the early work on the structure of these collagens to our knowledge of the structure of the collagen genes. This chapter is followed by a detailed description of type IV (basement membrane) collagen. Chapter 3 addresses the biosynthesis and chain assembly of type V collagen. The evidence that type VI collagen is assembled to form tetramers is presented in chapter 4. The subsequent article shows that type VII collagens are assembled to form partially overlapping dimers. Chapter 6 presents the structure of type VIII collagen. Chapters 7, 8, and 9 discuss the structure and characteristics of collagens that are synthesized by cartilaginous tissues and these are designated as type IX, type X, and type XI. The final chapter reviews the recombinant DNA techniques used to investigate collagen structure and the possibility to recognize new collagen types from a cDNA library. Physiologists, cell biologists, and researchers in the field of collagen will find the text very insightful.

Extracellular Matrix

Author: Mark A. Zern
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824788308
Size: 32.98 MB
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Describing state-of-the-art research techniques for clinicians and introducing important clinical perspectives for basic scientists, this reference examines some significant areas of investigation into the biology of the extracellular matrix and its implications in human pathophysiology.;Focusing on the liver and providing a broad survey of the latest information available, Extracellular Matrix: discusses a wide range of models and organ systems; presents pathophysiological studies emphasizing hepatic disease, particularly the development of fibrosis and cirrhosis; furnishes structure and function analyses of the major extracellular matric components, including collagens, laminin, fibronectin, and proteoglycans; delineates the mechanisms leading to increased depositions of the matrix proteins during hepatic fibrogenesis; details new therapeutic approaches to liver disease; and more.;With authoritative contributions from more than 40 leading international experts representing five countries, Extracellular Matrix should be a useful reference for all scientists interested in matrix biology, chemistry, or pathobiology, especially gastroenterologists, hepatologists, pathologists, and graduate and medical school students in these disciplines.

Extracellular Matrix Genes

Author: Charles Boyd
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323157661
Size: 25.76 MB
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Extracellular Matrix Genes provides some of the interesting complexities of the structure of the entire family of extracellular matrix genes. This book illustrates the permanent role that molecular biology and molecular genetics play in the detailed understanding of the normal biology of extracellular matrix. Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the structural and sequence aspects of the entire family of genomic sequences with a view to establishing common functional domains among collagens and their genes. This text then examines the status of the literature concerning human types. III and V. Other chapters consider the FACIT collagen gene family. This book discusses as well the development in understanding the structure of small proteoglycan core proteins and their role in proteoglycan biosynthesis and function as a result of their molecular cloning and expression. The final chapter deals with mutations in collagen genes. This book is a valuable resource for biochemists.

Extracellular Matrix Assembly And Structure

Author: Peter D. Yurchenco
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483289427
Size: 15.95 MB
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The complex and critical process of extracellular matrix (ECM) assembly is described in this book. Assembly may involve molecules interacting with molecules of the same matrix class, such as in collagen, or interactions between different ECM molecules, such as in basement membranes. The text shows how this is driven by structural information within the matrix monomer. This information will be of interest to cell, developmental, and molecular biologists, biochemists, biophysicists, and biomedical researchers involved in macromolecular assembly, biological macromolecules, and extracellular matrix. Addresses assembly of most of the known classes of extracellular matrix macromolecules Discusses higher order structures produced by ECM Gives important concepts in ECM and cell-matrix interactions, Protein structure and protein-protein interactions, Development and tissue remodeling

Collagen

Author: Peter Fratzl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387739069
Size: 57.36 MB
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Not only does this book provide a comprehensive review of current research advances in collagen structure and mechanics, it also explores this biological macromolecule’s many applications in biomaterials and tissue engineering. Readers gain an understanding of the structure and mechanical behavior of type I collagen and collagen-based tissues in vertebrates across all length scales, from the molecular (nano) to the organ (macro) level.