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Structure Of The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: Giorgio Gabella
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400957459
Size: 17.28 MB
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A conspicuous portion of the peripheral nervous system is part of the 'vegetative nervous system'; it includes all the neurons which innerv ate the viscera, salivary and lacrimal glands, the heart and blood vessels, all other smooth muscles of the body, notably the intrinsic muscles of the eye and the muscles of the hair. Only part of the system belongs to the peripheral nervous system: it has also its own nuclei and pathways in the central nervous system. The distinction between visceral and somatic functions is a very old one in our culture. With the development of neurology the notion of a widespread nervous control of body functions emerged. Winslow (1732) used the term nervi sympathici majores for those nerves, which he thought to carry about 'sympathies' and then co ordinate various viscera's functions. His was an anatomical break through, which obscured Willis' 'intercostal nerve' and Vesalius 'cranial nerve'. The notion was developed among others by John stone (1764) who arrived, with the aid of some very accurate anatomical observations, at the problem of the nervous influence on motion and sensitivity of viscera. By the end of the eighteenth century, it was clear, with Bichat (1800), that what he called 'sympa thetic nervous system' (and his pupil Reil, a few years later, 'vegeta tive nervous system ') controlled visceral functions (fa vie organique), whereas somatic functions (fa vie animafe) were under direct control from the brain and spinal cord.

Structure Of The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: Giorgio Gabella
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789400957466
Size: 68.82 MB
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A conspicuous portion of the peripheral nervous system is part of the 'vegetative nervous system'; it includes all the neurons which innerv ate the viscera, salivary and lacrimal glands, the heart and blood vessels, all other smooth muscles of the body, notably the intrinsic muscles of the eye and the muscles of the hair. Only part of the system belongs to the peripheral nervous system: it has also its own nuclei and pathways in the central nervous system. The distinction between visceral and somatic functions is a very old one in our culture. With the development of neurology the notion of a widespread nervous control of body functions emerged. Winslow (1732) used the term nervi sympathici majores for those nerves, which he thought to carry about 'sympathies' and then co ordinate various viscera's functions. His was an anatomical break through, which obscured Willis' 'intercostal nerve' and Vesalius 'cranial nerve'. The notion was developed among others by John stone (1764) who arrived, with the aid of some very accurate anatomical observations, at the problem of the nervous influence on motion and sensitivity of viscera. By the end of the eighteenth century, it was clear, with Bichat (1800), that what he called 'sympa thetic nervous system' (and his pupil Reil, a few years later, 'vegeta tive nervous system ') controlled visceral functions (fa vie organique), whereas somatic functions (fa vie animafe) were under direct control from the brain and spinal cord.

Primer On The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: David Robertson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123865255
Size: 73.20 MB
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The Primer on the Autonomic Nervous System presents, in a readable and accessible format, key information about how the autonomic nervous system controls the body, particularly in response to stress. It represents the largest collection of world-wide autonomic nervous system authorities ever assembled in one book. It is especially suitable for students, scientists and physicians seeking key information about all aspects of autonomic physiology and pathology in one convenient source. Providing up-to-date knowledge about basic and clinical autonomic neuroscience in a format designed to make learning easy and fun, this book is a must-have for any neuroscientist's bookshelf! Greatly amplified and updated from previous edition including the latest developments in the field of autonomic cardiovascular regulation and neuroscience Provides key information about all aspects of autonomic physiology and pathology Discusses stress and how its effects on the body are mediated Compiles contributions by over 140 experts on the autonomic nervous system

Autonomic Nervous System

Author: Daniel Pedro Cardinali
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319575704
Size: 23.41 MB
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A traditional view of the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) considers only its peripheral part: the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems. However, this view misses to consider the most important ANS function: the maintenance of homeostasis. This term is used today to define not only the strategies that allow the body proper response to changes in the environment (reactive homeostasis), but also temporal mechanisms that allow the body to predict the most likely timing of environmental stimuli (predictive homeostasis based on biological rhythms). This book discusses the ANS from both an enlarged and a timed perspective. First, it presents how the organization of the ANS is hierarchical into different levels. Following that, the book discusses how the ANS changes functionally in the three-body configurations (wakefulness, slow sleep, rapid eye movement sleep) found in a 24-hour cycle. Finally, the most important clinical implications of this enlarged and timed vision of ANS will be discussed. Autonomic Nervous System – Basic and Clinical Aspects is a comprehensive text intended for medical students and health professionals who are interested in a deeper approach to this important part of the nervous system. It provides a detailed and complete understanding of the neuroscience behind the ANS, allowing a proper clinical applicability of this knowledge.

The Central Nervous System

Author: Per Brodal
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190228962
Size: 74.51 MB
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The Fifth edition finds the text of The Central Nervous System thoroughly updated and revised, better equipping students with essential information in the field of clinical neuroscience. This text, reviewed to reflect new information as well as understanding of student needs for critical thinking, contains the systematic, in-depth coverage of topics of great clinical interest. This text seamlessly integrates data from all fields of neuroscience as well as clinical neurology and psychology. This textbook presents the functional properties of clinically-relevant disorders by incorporating data from molecular biology to clinical neurology. Key Features of the Fifth Edition Include... ? Chapters knit together by numerous cross-references and explanations, helping the reader to connect data. ? Carefully selected full color line drawings of the complexities of the nervous system. ? Extensive use of text-boxes provides in-depth material without disturbing the flow of reading. ? Provides a crucial list of references for further reading. While most neurological textbooks are cobbled together by multiple authors on a variety of topics within the field, Dr. Brodal pulls together a cohesive and comprehensive guide to neuroscience. This book reflects Dr. Brodal's concise and easy-to-read style, encouraging reflection and critical thinking in established facts and scientific conjecture. This is the perfect reference for medical, graduate, and undergraduate students alike.

Autonomic Nerves

Author: Linda Wilson-Pauwels
Publisher: PMPH-USA
ISBN: 1550090305
Size: 27.98 MB
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The same authors who created the brilliantly successful Cranial Nerves > have joined together to produce this companion volume. Spectacular full colour illustrations by Linda Wilson-Pauwels, the preeminent medical illustrator, illuminate the relationships between the central and autonomic nervous systems. The accompanying text provides both principles of anatomy and correlations to clinical disorders.

An Introduction To The Study Of The Nervous System

Author: E. E. Hewer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483195198
Size: 67.89 MB
Format: PDF
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An Introduction to the Study of the Nervous System covers topics about the minute structure and functions of the nervous system. The book discusses the minute and gross anatomy of the various parts of the nervous system; the degenerative and regenerative changes following section of the nerves; and the descending and ascending tracts of the spinal cord. The text then describes the cerebellar connections; the deep connections of the cranial nerves; and the microscopic structure of the cortex of the cerebellum and of the cerebrum. The distribution, source, circulation and absorption, pressure, and normal composition of the cerebrospinal fluid and the parts and functions of the autonomic nervous system are also considered. The book further tackles the normal physiology of the sensory and motor paths; the results of interference with the general sensory path at various levels; and the visual path and interference therewith. The text also discusses the cochlear and olfactory paths and the interference therewith and the levels of integration and mechanism of coordinated muscular movement. Students taking courses related to neurology will find the book useful.

Basic Concepts In Pharmacology What You Need To Know For Each Drug Class Fourth Edition

Author: Janet Stringer
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780071769426
Size: 76.44 MB
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A time-saving, stress-reducing approach to learning the essential concepts of pharmacology Great for USMLE review! "This could be a very useful tool for students who struggle with understanding the most basic concepts in pharmacology for course and licensure examinations. 3 Stars."--Doody's Review Service Basic Concepts in Pharmacology provides you with a complete framework for studying -– and understanding -- the fundamental principles of drug actions. With this unique learning system, you’ll be able to identify must-know material, recognize your strengths and weaknesses, minimize memorization, streamline your study, and build your confidence. Basic Concepts in Pharmacology presents drugs by class, details exactly what you need to know about each class, and reinforces key concepts and definitions. With this innovative text you’ll be able to: Recognize the concepts you truly must know before moving on to other material Understand the fundamental principles of drug actions Organize and condense the drug information you must remember Review key information, which is presented in boxes, illustrations, and tables Identify the most important drugs in each drug class Seven sections specifically designed to simplify the learning process and help you gain an understanding of the most important concepts: General Principles Drugs That Affect the Autonomic Nervous System Drugs That Affect the Cardiovascular System Drugs That Act on the Central Nervous System Chemotherapeutic Agents Drugs That Affect the Endocrine System Miscellaneous Drugs (Includes Toxicology and Poisoning)

Aging Of The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: Francesco Amenta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849369810
Size: 68.62 MB
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Aging of the Autonomic Nervous System is the first book devoted to the aging of the autonomic nervous system. The book presents the most recent findings on topics such as general aspects of the autonomic nervous system, main neurotransmitter systems, age-dependent changes of neuroeffector mechanisms in target organs, and therapeutic perspectives. It also provides a comprehensive analysis of the possible consequences of these findings. Aging of the Autonomic Nervous System will be a useful volume for gerontologists and neuroscientists.