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Summa Technologiae

Author: Stanislaw Lem
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518743384
Size: 67.95 MB
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»Summa technologiae« faßt die zur Zeit greifbaren Ergebnisse der futurologischen Wissenschaft zusammen und entwickelt neue, bei uns bis dahin noch nicht bekannte Konzeptionen. Das Buch handelt von einigen möglichen „Zukünften“ der menschlichen Zivilisation. Die Futurologie ist keine Wissenschaft, sondern Schlachtfeld widerstreitender Interessen. Wenn künftige Entwicklungen eng mit künftigen wissenschaftlichen Entdeckungen zusammenhängen, kommt ihre Prognose der Antizipation dieser Entdeckungen gleich. Das ist logisch unmöglich. Wir können allein die Invarianten unserer Welt aufdecken und mit ihnen die Grenze abstecken, die das Mögliche (Erlaubte) vom Unmöglichen (Verbotenen) trennt. Was können wir aus der Welt machen, was ist möglich? Fast alles – nur das nicht: daß sich die Menschen in einigen zigtausend Jahren überlegen könnten: »Genug – so wie es jetzt ist, soll es von nun an immer bleiben. Verändern wir nichts, erfinden und entdecken wir nichts, weil es besser, als es jetzt ist, nicht sein kann, und wenn doch, dann wollen wir es nicht.«

Summa Technologiae

Author: Stanisław Lem
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 0816689040
Size: 24.82 MB
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The Polish writer Stanislaw Lem is best known to English-speaking readers as the author of the 1961 science fiction novel Solaris, adapted into a meditative film by Andrei Tarkovsky in 1972 and remade in 2002 by Steven Soderbergh. Throughout his writings, comprising dozens of science fiction novels and short stories, Lem offered deeply philosophical and bitingly satirical reflections on the limitations of both science and humanity. In Summa Technologiae—his major work of nonfiction, first published in 1964 and now available in English for the first time—Lem produced an engaging and caustically logical philosophical treatise about human and nonhuman life in its past, present, and future forms. After five decades Summa Technologiae has lost none of its intellectual or critical significance. Indeed, many of Lem’s conjectures about future technologies have now come true: from artificial intelligence, bionics, and nanotechnology to the dangers of information overload, the concept underlying Internet search engines, and the idea of virtual reality. More important for its continued relevance, however, is Lem’s rigorous investigation into the parallel development of biological and technical evolution and his conclusion that technology will outlive humanity. Preceding Richard Dawkins’s understanding of evolution as a blind watchmaker by more than two decades, Lem posits evolution as opportunistic, shortsighted, extravagant, and illogical. Strikingly original and still timely, Summa Technologiae resonates with a wide range of contemporary debates about information and new media, the life sciences, and the emerging relationship between technology and humanity.

On The Existence Of Digital Objects

Author: Yuk Hui
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452949921
Size: 34.40 MB
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Digital objects, in their simplest form, are data. They are also a new kind of industrial object that pervades every aspect of our life today—as online videos, images, text files, e-mails, blog posts, Facebook events.Yet, despite their ubiquity, the nature of digital objects remains unclear. On the Existence of Digital Objects conducts a philosophical examination of digital objects and their organizing schema by creating a dialogue between Martin Heidegger and Gilbert Simondon, which Yuk Hui contextualizes within the history of computing. How can digital objects be understood according to individualization and individuation? Hui pursues this question through the history of ontology and the study of markup languages and Web ontologies; he investigates the existential structure of digital objects within their systems and milieux. With this relational approach toward digital objects and technical systems, the book addresses alienation, described by Simondon as the consequence of mistakenly viewing technics in opposition to culture. Interdisciplinary in philosophical and technical insights, with close readings of Husserl, Heidegger, and Simondon as well as the history of computing and the Web, Hui’s work develops an original, productive way of thinking about the data and metadata that increasingly define our world.

Program Earth

Author: Jennifer Gabrys
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452950172
Size: 61.33 MB
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Sensors are everywhere. Small, flexible, economical, and computationally powerful, they operate ubiquitously in environments. They compile massive amounts of data, including information about air, water, and climate. Never before has such a volume of environmental data been so broadly collected or so widely available. Grappling with the consequences of wiring our world, Program Earth examines how sensor technologies are programming our environments. As Jennifer Gabrys points out, sensors do not merely record information about an environment. Rather, they generate new environments and environmental relations. At the same time, they give a voice to the entities they monitor: to animals, plants, people, and inanimate objects. This book looks at the ways in which sensors converge with environments to map ecological processes, to track the migration of animals, to check pollutants, to facilitate citizen participation, and to program infrastructure. Through discussing particular instances where sensors are deployed for environmental study and citizen engagement across three areas of environmental sensing, from wild sensing to pollution sensing and urban sensing, Program Earth asks how sensor technologies specifically contribute to new environmental conditions. What are the implications for wiring up environments? How do sensor applications not only program environments, but also program the sorts of citizens and collectives we might become? Program Earth suggests that the sensor-based monitoring of Earth offers the prospect of making new environments not simply as an extension of the human but rather as new “technogeographies” that connect technology, nature, and people.

Mixed Realism

Author: Timothy J. Welsh
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452952019
Size: 44.14 MB
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Mixed Realism is about how we interact with media. Timothy J. Welsh shows how videogames, like novels, both promise and trouble experiences of “immersion.” His innovative methodology offers a new understanding of the expanding role of virtuality in contemporary life. Today’s wired culture is a mixed reality, conducted as exchanges between virtual and material contexts. We make balance transfers at an ATM, update Facebook timelines, and squeeze in sessions of Angry Birds on the subway. However, the “virtual” is still frequently figured as imaginary, as opposed to “real.” The vision of 1990s writers of a future that would pit virtual reality against actual reality has never materialized, yet it continues to haunt cultural criticism. Our ongoing anxiety about immersive media now surrounds videogames, especially “shooter games,” and manifests as a fear that gamers might not know the difference between the virtual world and the real world. As Welsh notes, this is the paradox of real virtuality. We understand that the media-generated virtualities that fill our lives are not what they represent. But what are they if they are not real? Do they have presence, significance, or influence exceeding their material presence and the user processes that invoke them? What relationships do they establish through and beyond our interactions with them? Mixed Realism brims with fresh analyses of literary works such as Truman Capote’s In Cold Blood and Mark Z. Danielewski’s House of Leaves, along with sustained readings of controversial videogames such as Super Columbine Massacre and Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2. Continually connecting the dots between surprising groupings of texts and thinkers, from David Foster Wallace to the cult-classic videogame Eternal Darkness and from Cormac McCarthy to Grand Theft Auto, it offers a fresh perspective on both digital games and contemporary literature.

Reading Writing Interfaces

Author: Lori Emerson
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 1452942196
Size: 31.28 MB
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Lori Emerson examines how interfaces—from today’s multitouch devices to yesterday’s desktops, from typewriters to Emily Dickinson’s self-bound fascicle volumes—mediate between writer and text as well as between writer and reader. Following the threads of experimental writing from the present into the past, she shows how writers have long tested and transgressed technological boundaries. Reading the means of production as well as the creative works they produce, Emerson demonstrates that technologies are more than mere tools and that the interface is not a neutral border between writer and machine but is in fact a collaborative creative space. Reading Writing Interfaces begins with digital literature’s defiance of the alleged invisibility of ubiquitous computing and multitouch in the early twenty-first century and then looks back at the ideology of the user-friendly graphical user interface that emerged along with the Apple Macintosh computer of the 1980s. She considers poetic experiments with and against the strictures of the typewriter in the 1960s and 1970s and takes a fresh look at Emily Dickinson’s self-printing projects as a challenge to the coherence of the book. Through archival research, Emerson offers examples of how literary engagements with screen-based and print-based technologies have transformed reading and writing. She reveals the ways in which writers—from Emily Dickinson to Jason Nelson and Judd Morrissey—work with and against media interfaces to undermine the assumed transparency of conventional literary practice.

Dialoge

Author: Stanislaw Lem
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518743155
Size: 48.16 MB
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In diesem Werk, das in einer Reihe steht mit seiner >Summa Technologiae (1976) und Phantastik und Futurologie

Der Futurologische Kongre

Author: Stanislaw Lem
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 351874318X
Size: 32.29 MB
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Das Kernstück der Erzählung bildet eine lange Episode, in der der nach schweren Verletzungen in Kühlschlaf versetzte Ijon Tichy im Jahre 2039 erwacht, wo mittlerweile das Zeitalter der Psychemie angebrochen ist, der Beeinflussung aller Sinneswahrnehmungen durch chemische Mittel, die die ganze menschliche Existenz durchdringen, so daß es keine Wirklichkeit mehr gibt, die nicht chemisch manipuliert wäre.