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Superior Beings If They Exist How Would We Know

Author: Steven Brams
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387480773
Size: 15.54 MB
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This book examines theology and the idea of a superior being in the context of game theory. The central question posed in this book is: If there existed a superior being who possessed the supernatural qualities of omniscience, omnipotence, immortality, and incomprehensibility, how would he/she act differently from us? The mathematical theory of games is used to define each of these qualities, and different assumptions about the rules of play in several theological games that might be played between ordinary human beings and superior beings like God are posited.

Superior Beings

Author: BRAMS
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475718071
Size: 34.91 MB
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The central question I pose in this book is: If there existed a supe rior being who possessed the supernatural qualities of omni science, omnipotence, immortality, and incomprehensibility, how would he/she act differently from us, and would these differences be knowable? (ßecause God, the superior being in the Judeo Christian tradition, is generally described as a male, I shall hence forth use the masculine pronoun form for convenience, but I intend no invidious gender distinctions, whether applied to super natural or natural beings.l Theologians, philosophers of religion, and erudite scholars in other disciplines have addressed this and related questions before, but their answers, generally speaking, have not been informed by any systematic or rigorous theory. I believe the mathematical theory of games, which has little to do with the frivolity and playfulness we normally associate with games, provides a powerful tool for clarifying the key theo logical concepts in my central question and drawing out their implications in games played between human and superior beings. I am fully aware that not everybody will agree that omni science, omnipotence, immortality, and incomprehensibility are what I say they are, but I invite them to propose their own defi- Preface viii nitions and derive their own conclusions with the aid of the theory. By endowing these protean concepts with unambiguous meanings, I will try to show how game theory can breathe life into questions that have been dismissed too quickly simply because they are metaphysical-outside the world of experience.

Creation Made Free

Author: Thomas Jay Oord
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1621894924
Size: 40.59 MB
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Open Theology offers an advantageous framework for engaging the sciences. With its emphasis upon creaturely freedom, relationality, realist epistemology, and love, Open Theology makes a fruitful dialogue partner with leading fields and theories in contemporary science. In Creation Made Free, leading proponents of open theism explore natural and social scientific dimensions of reality as these dimensions both inform and are informed by Open Theology. Important themes addressed include evolution, creation ex nihilo, emergence theory, biblical cosmology, cognitive linguistics, quantum theory, and forgiveness.

Topics In Mathematical Economics And Game Theory

Author: Robert J. Aumann
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821805251
Size: 24.46 MB
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Since the publication of ""Theory of Games and Economic Behavior"" by von Neumann and Morgenstern, the concept of games has played an increasing role in economics. It also plays a role of growing importance in other sciences, including biology, political science, and psychology. Many scientists have made seminal advances and continue to be leaders in the field, including Harsanyi, Shapley, Shubik, and Selten. Professor Robert Aumann, in addition to his important contributions to game theory and economics, made a number of significant contributions to mathematics.This volume provides a collection of essays in mathematical economics and game theory, including cutting-edge research on noncooperative game theory and its foundations, bargaining theory, and general equilibrium theory. Also included is a reprint of Aumann's classic paper, 'Acceptable Points in General Cooperative $n$-Person Games' and of the oft-cited, yet hard to find, paper by Maschler, 'The Worth of a Cooperative Enterprise to Each Member'. This book illustrates the wide range of applications of mathematics to economics, game theory, and social choice. The volume is dedicated to Professor Robert J. Aumann, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel, for his contributions in mathematics and social sciences.

Religion Economy And Cooperation

Author: Ilkka Pyysiäinen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110246325
Size: 26.92 MB
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This volume addresses the issue of religion and economy in the evolution of human cooperation. Both religious practices and economic behaviour create and sustain intra-group cooperation by providing people with common goals and values. Even if individuals are selfish maximizers of utility, in the end everybody benefits from being part of a cooperative community, the market. The rules of the market are the invisible hand which turns selfishness into cooperation. In the same way, God beliefs constrain individual selfishness and ensure cooperation within the group.

Comparing Voting Systems

Author: H. Nurmi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940093985X
Size: 44.50 MB
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In many contexts of everyday life we find ourselves faced with the problem of reconciling the views of several persons. These problems are usually solved by resorting to some opinion aggre gating procedure, like voting. Very often the problem is thought of as being solved after the decision to take a vote has been made and the ballots have been counted. Most official decision making bodies have formally instituted procedures of voting but in informal groups such procedures are typically chosen in casu. Curiously enough people do not seem to pay much attention to which particular procedure is being resorted to as long as some kind of voting takes place. As we shall see shortly the procedure being used often makes a great difference to the voting outcomes. Thus, the Question arises as to which voting procedure is best. This book is devoted to a discussion of this problem in the light of various criteria of optimality. We shall deal with a number of procedures that have been proposed for use or are actually in use in voting contexts. The aim of this book is to give an evaluation of the virtues and shortcomings of these procedures. On the basis of this evaluation the reader will hopefully be able to determine which procedure is optimal for the decision setting that he or she has in mind.

The Human Computer

Author: Dr.Anthony Scheiber
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1475902913
Size: 29.11 MB
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The Human Computer: Get The Most Out of Yours is a book that will radically change the course of technology and medicine, and affect the entire spectrum of human relationships across the globe. The Human Computer draws unprecedented and critical parallels between the human brain and the desktop computer. This book will touch and affect the lives of everyone on the planet, now and into the foreseeable future. How men and women think and approach life's problems is explained. Why teens struggle so much with their parents becomes exceedingly clear. The differences that have plagued relationships between men and women since antiquity are revealed. The Human Computer challenges many of the ancient and flawed paradigms that have been the cornerstones of society and scientific knowledge since antiquity. It is vitally important you read this book, to prepare for a new age of enlightenment. Understand what your Human Computer is all about...to take advantage of it in your career, your life's goals, your search for fortune...take advantage of its power in relationships...so that you can get the most out of yours.... The clock is ticking and time may be running out.

Tsongkhapa S Praise For Dependent Relativity

Author: Je Tsongkhapa
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 086171721X
Size: 19.40 MB
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Tsongkhapa (1357-1419), the author of The Great Treatise on the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment and the teacher of the First Dalai Lama, is renowned as one of the greatest scholar-saints that Tibet has ever produced. He composed his poetic Praise for Dependent Relativity the very morning that he abandoned confusion and attained the final view, the clear realization of emptiness that is the essence of wisdom. English monk Graham Woodhouse, a longtime student of Buddhism, was living near the Dalai Lama's residence in northern India when he translated Tsongkhapa's celebrated text, and he conveys for modern readers the explanation of it he received from his teacher, the late Venerable Lobsang Gyatso.