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Supernormal Stimuli How Primal Urges Overran Their Evolutionary Purpose

Author: Deirdre Barrett
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393077330
Size: 52.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A Harvard psychologist explains how our once-helpful instincts get hijacked in our garish modern world. Our instincts—for food, sex, or territorial protection— evolved for life on the savannahs 10,000 years ago, not in today’s world of densely populated cities, technological innovations, and pollution. We now have access to a glut of larger-than-life objects, from candy to pornography to atomic weapons—that gratify these gut instincts with often-dangerous results. Animal biologists coined the term “supernormal stimuli” to describe imitations that appeal to primitive instincts and exert a stronger pull than real things, such as soccer balls that geese prefer over eggs. Evolutionary psychologist Deirdre Barrett applies this concept to the alarming disconnect between human instinct and our created environment, demonstrating how supernormal stimuli are a major cause of today’s most pressing problems, including obesity and war. However, Barrett does more than show how unfettered instincts fuel dangerous excesses. She also reminds us that by exercising self-control we can rein them in, potentially saving ourselves and civilization.

Wer Bin Ich Wenn Ich Online Bin

Author: Nicholas Carr
Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag
ISBN: 3641080681
Size: 15.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7638
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Wie beeinflusst sie Körper und Geist? Heute schon gegoogelt? Im Durchschnitt sind die Deutschen etwa zweieinhalb Stunden täglich online. Neuesten Studien zufolge, so zeigt Bestsellerautor und IT-Experte Nicholas Carr, bewirkt bereits eine Onlinestunde am Tag erstaunliche neurologische Prägungen in unserem Gehirn. Wer das Internet nach Informationen, sozialen Kontakten oder Unterhaltung durchforstet, verwendet, anders als beim Buch- oder Zeitunglesen, einen Großteil seiner geistigen Energie auf die Beherrschung des Mediums selbst. Und macht sich um die Inhalte, buchstäblich, keinen Kopf. Die Folge: Im Internetzeitalter lesen wir oberflächlicher, lernen wir schlechter, erinnern wir uns schwächer denn je. Von den Anpassungsleistungen unseres Gehirns profitieren nicht wir, sondern die Konzerne, die mit Klickzahlen Kasse machen. In seinem neuen Buch verbindet Carr, zwanzig Jahre nach Entstehung des World Wide Web, seine medienkritische Bilanz mit einer erhellenden Zeitreise durch Philosophie-, Technologie- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte – von Sokrates’ Skepsis gegenüber der Schrift, dem Menschen als Uhrwerk und Nietzsches Schreibmaschine bis zum User als Gegenstand aktueller Debatten und Studien. Und er vermittelt – jenseits von vagem Kulturpessimismus – anhand greifbarer Untersuchungen und Experimente, wie das Internet unser Denken verändert.

Freud

Author: Anthony Storr
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783926642349
Size: 79.18 MB
Format: PDF
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Comparative Psychology

Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1478415975
Size: 75.52 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 1477
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Facts101 is your complete guide to Comparative Psychology. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Tech Generation

Author: Mike Brooks
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190665297
Size: 80.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"Tech Generation: Raising Balanced Kids in a Hyper-Connected World guides parents in teaching their children how to reap the benefits of living in a digital world while also preventing its negative effects. Mike Brooks and Jon Lasser, psychologists with extensive experience working with kids, parents, and teachers, combine cutting-edge research and expertise to create an engaging and helpful guide that emphasizes the importance of the parent-child relationship"--

The Mayo Clinic Guide To Stress Free Living

Author: Amit Sood
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0738217131
Size: 36.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 266
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Have you ever driven several miles without noticing anything on the road, or read a page in a book without registering any of it? Do the day's worries and disappointments crowd your mind as you're trying to fall asleep at night? Do you feel stressed much of the time and aren't sure how to find peace? In this book, Amit Sood, M.D., M.Sc., a Mayo Clinic specialist in stress and resiliency, reveals how the mind's instinctive restlessness and shortsightedness generate stress and anxiety and presents strategies for living a more peaceful life. The book is based on the highly popular stress management program offered at Mayo Clinic that Dr. Sood developed after two decades of work with tens of thousands of people. Drawing on groundbreaking brain research, Dr. Sood helps you understand the brain's two modes and how an imbalance between them produces unwanted stress. From this basis, you learn skills that will help you: Develop deep and sustained attention Practice gratitude, compassion and acceptance Live a meaningful life Cultivate nurturing relationships Achieve your highest potential All of these concepts are weaved into a practical and fun journey that has been tested in numerous scientific studies, with consistently positive results. Take the first step to discover greater peace and joy for you and your loved ones. "Dr. Sood has put together a simple, secular and structured program that is anchored in science, is free of rituals and dogmas, and is accessible to everyone. This book can change your life."--Dr. Andrew Weil "An important innovative approach to well-being, one we all should know about."--Dr. Daniel Goleman

Angst

Author: Jeffrey P. Kahn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199796440
Size: 24.77 MB
Format: PDF
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Why do so many people suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous angst? Some twenty percent of us are afflicted with common Anxiety and Depressive disorders. That's not just nervous or scared or sad - that is painful dysfunction without obvious benefit. A new theoretical synthesis suggests that while animals share a set of evolved social instincts, we humans experience commonplace Anxiety and Depressive disorders when we use our reason to defy that biology.

Sehen Und Handeln

Author: Horst Bredekamp
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 305006238X
Size: 34.44 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 3307
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Sehen wird traditionell als passiver Prozess aufgefasst, der im Gehirn innere Bil-der entstehen lässt, welche die Wirklichkeit repräsentieren. Handlungen wer-den hingegen in der Regel als aktive Prozesse verstanden, die von Subjekten gesteuert werden. Die Beiträge der Eröffnungstagung der Kolleg-Forschergruppe „Bildakt und Verkörperung“ erarbeiten in den Sektionen „E-naktivismus“, „Dynamik des Blickens“ und „Die Sicht auf die Dinge“ alternative Verständnisweisen von Visualität. Sie begreifen Sehen als eine Aktivität, die nicht nur das Gehirn, sondern den gesamten Körper einbezieht, permanent Wirklichkeit gestaltet und somit als Handlung verstanden werden kann. Mit Beiträgen von Alex Arteaga, Horst Bredekamp, Frank Fehrenbach, Shaun Gallagher, Bettina Gockel, Dan Hutto, Sybille Krämer, John Michael Krois, Helmut Pape, Eva Schürmann und Claus Zittel.