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Superplastic Forming Of Advanced Metallic Materials

Author: G Giuliano
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092774
Size: 28.62 MB
Format: PDF
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Ultra fine-grained metals can show exceptional ductility, known as superplasticity, during sheet forming. The higher ductility of superplastic metals makes it possible to form large and complex components in a single operation without joints or rivets. The result is less waste, lower weight and manufacturing costs, high precision and lack of residual stress associated with welding which makes components ideal for aerospace, automotive and other applications. Superplastic forming of advanced metallic materials summarises key recent research on this important process. Part one reviews types of superplastic metals, standards for superplastic forming, processes and equipment. Part two discusses ways of modelling superplastic forming processes whilst the final part of the book considers applications, including superplastic forming of titanium, aluminium and magnesium alloys. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Superplastic forming of advanced metallic materials is a valuable reference for metallurgists and engineers in such sectors as aerospace and automotive engineering. Note: The Publishers wish to point out an error in the authorship of Chapter 3 which was originally listed as: G. Bernhart, Clément Ader Institute, France. The correct authorship is: G Bernhart, P. Lours, T. Cutard, V. Velay, Ecole des Mines Albi, France and F. Nazaret, Aurock, France. The Publishers apologise to the authors for this error. Reviews types of superplastic metals and standards for superplastic forming Discusses the modelling of superplastic forming, including mathematical and finite element modelling Examines various applications, including superplastic forming of titanium, aluminiun and magnesium alloys

Nanostructured Metals And Alloys

Author: S H Whang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857091123
Size: 43.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Tensile strength, fatigue strength and ductility are important properties of nanostructured metallic materials, which make them suitable for use in applications where strength or strength-to-weight ratios are important. Nanostructured metals and alloys reviews the latest technologies used for production of these materials, as well as recent advances in research into their structure and mechanical properties. One of the most important issues facing nanostructured metals and alloys is how to produce them. Part one describes the different methods used to process bulk nanostructured metals and alloys, including chapters on severe plastic deformation, mechanical alloying and electrodeposition among others. Part two concentrates on the microstructure and properties of nanostructured metals, with chapters studying deformation structures such as twins, microstructure of ferrous alloys by equal channel angular processing, and characteristic structures of nanostructured metals prepared by plastic deformation. In part three, the mechanical properties of nanostructured metals and alloys are discussed, with chapters on such topics as strengthening mechanisms, nanostructured metals based on molecular dynamics computer simulations, and surface deformation. Part four focuses on existing and developing applications of nanostructured metals and alloys, covering topics such as nanostructured steel for automotives, steel sheet and nanostructured coatings by spraying. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Nanostructured metals and alloys is a standard reference for manufacturers of metal components, as well as those with an academic research interest in metals and materials with enhanced properties.

Ceramic Nanocomposites

Author: Rajat Banerjee
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093495
Size: 22.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Ceramic nanocomposites have been found to have improved hardness, strength, toughness and creep resistance compared to conventional ceramic matrix composites. Ceramic nanocomposites reviews the structure and properties of these nanocomposites as well as manufacturing and applications. Part one looks at the properties of different ceramic nanocomposites, including thermal shock resistance, flame retardancy, magnetic and optical properties as well as failure mechanisms. Part two deals with the different types of ceramic nanocomposites, including the use of ceramic particles in metal matrix composites, carbon nanotube-reinforced glass-ceramic matrix composites, high temperature superconducting ceramic nanocomposites and ceramic particle nanofluids. Part three details the processing of nanocomposites, including the mechanochemical synthesis of metallic–ceramic composite powders, sintering of ultrafine and nanosized ceramic and metallic particles and the surface treatment of carbon nanotubes using plasma technology. Part four explores the applications of ceramic nanocomposites in such areas as energy production and the biomedical field. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Ceramic nanocomposites is a technical guide for professionals requiring knowledge of ceramic nanocomposites, and will also offer a deeper understanding of the subject for researchers and engineers within any field dealing with these materials. Reviews the structure and properties of ceramic nanocomposites as well as their manufacturing and applications Examines properties of different ceramic nanocomposites, as well as failure mechanisms Details the processing of nanocomposites and explores the applications of ceramic nanocomposites in areas such as energy production and the biomedical field

Dental Biomaterials

Author: R V Curtis
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845694244
Size: 57.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Dental Biomaterials: Imaging, Testing and Modelling reviews the materials used in this important area, their performance and how such performance can be measured and optimised. Chapters review optical and electron microscopy imaging techniques for dental biomaterial interfaces. Specific materials such as dental cements, fibre-reinforced composites, metals and alloys are discussed. There is an analysis of stresses, fracture, wear and ageing in dental biomaterials as well as an evaluation of the performance of dental adhesives and resin-dentin bonds. Chapters also review ways of assessing the performance of dental handpieces, crowns, implants and prosthesies. The book also reviews the use of computer models in such areas as bond strength and shape optimisation of dental restorations. With its distinguished editors and team of experienced contributors DDental Biomaterials: Imaging, Testing and Modelling researchers, materials scientists, engineers and dental practitioners with an essential guide to the use and performance of dental biomaterials. An essential guide to the use and performance of dental biomaterials Reviews optical and electron microscopy imaging techniques for dental biomaterial interfaces Analyses stresses, fracture, wear and ageing in dental biomaterials and evaluates the performance of dental adhesives and resin-dentin bonds

Stochastic Modelling Of Drinking Water Treatment In Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment

Author: Patrick Smeets
Publisher: IWA Publishing
ISBN: 1843393743
Size: 35.36 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Safe drinking water is a basic need for all human beings. Preventing microbial contamination of drinking water is of primary concern since endemic illness and outbreaks of infectious diseases can have significant social and economic consequences. Confirming absence of indicators of faecal contamination by water analysis only provides a limited verification of safety. By measuring pathogenic organisms in source water and modelling their reduction by treatment, a higher level of drinking water safety can be verified. This book provides stochastic methods to determine reduction of pathogenic microorganisms by drinking water treatment. These can be used to assess the level and variability of drinking water safety white taking uncertainty into account. The results can support decisions by risk managers about treatment design, operation, monitoring, and adaptation. Examples illustrate how the methods can be used in water safety plans to improve and secure production of safe drinking water.

The Design Of Requirements Modelling Languages

Author: Ivan Jureta
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319188216
Size: 71.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book explains in detail how to define requirements modelling languages – formal languages used to solve requirement-related problems in requirements engineering. It moves from simple languages to more complicated ones and uses these languages to illustrate a discussion of major topics in requirements modelling language design. The book positions requirements problem solving within the framework of broader research on ill-structured problem solving in artificial intelligence and engineering in general. Further, it introduces the reader to many complicated issues in requirements modelling language design, starting from trivial questions and the definition of corresponding simple languages used to answer them, and progressing to increasingly complex issues and languages. In this way the reader is led step by step (and with the help of illustrations) to learn about the many challenges involved in designing modelling languages for requirements engineering. The book offers the first comprehensive treatment of a major challenge in requirements engineering and business analysis, namely, how to design and define requirements modelling languages. It is intended for researchers and graduate students interested in advanced topics of requirements engineering and formal language design.

The Science And Technology Of Materials In Automotive Engines

Author: Hiroshi Yamagata
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845690850
Size: 66.37 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The science and technology of materials in automotive engines provides an introductory text on the nature of the materials used in automotive engines. It focuses on reciprocating engines, both four and two stroke, with particular emphasis on their characteristics and the types of materials used in their construction. The book considers the engine in terms of each specific part: the cylinder, piston, camshaft, valves, crankshaft, connecting rod and catalytic converter. The materials used in automotive engines are required to fulfil a multitude of functions. It is a subtle balance between material properties, essential design and high performance characteristics. The science and technology of materials in automotive engines describes the metallurgy, chemical composition, manufacturing, heat treatment and surface modification of these materials. It also includes supplementary notes that support the core text. The book is essential reading for engineers and designers of engines, as well as lecturers and graduate students in the fields of automotive engineering, machine design and materials science looking for a concise, expert analysis of automotive materials. Provides a detailed introduction to the nature of materials used in automotive engines Essential reading for engineers, designers, lecturers and students in automotive engineering Written by a renowned expert in the field

Frontiers In Materials Processing Applications Research And Technology

Author: M. Muruganant
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811048193
Size: 70.45 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume comprises the select proceedings of FiMPART 2015. The volume covers advances in major areas of materials research under one umbrella. This volume covers all aspects of materials research, processing, fabrication, structure/property evaluation, applications of ferrous, non-ferrous, ceramic, polymeric materials and composites including biomaterials, materials for energy, fuel cells/hydrogen storage technologies, batteries, super-capacitors, nano-materials for energy and structural applications, aerospace structural metallic materials, bulk metallic glasses and other advanced materials. The book will be useful to researchers, students, and professional working in areas related to materials innovation and applications.

Reliability Engineering

Author: Edgar Bradley
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498765378
Size: 23.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Reliability Engineering – A Life Cycle Approach is based on the author’s knowledge of systems and their problems from multiple industries, from sophisticated, first class installations to less sophisticated plants often operating under severe budget constraints and yet having to deliver first class availability. Taking a practical approach and drawing from the author’s global academic and work experience, the text covers the basics of reliability engineering, from design through to operation and maintenance. Examples and problems are used to embed the theory, and case studies are integrated to convey real engineering experience and to increase the student’s analytical skills. Additional subjects such as failure analysis, the management of the reliability function, systems engineering skills, project management requirements and basic financial management requirements are covered. Linear programming and financial analysis are presented in the context of justifying maintenance budgets and retrofits. The book presents a stand-alone picture of the reliability engineer’s work over all stages of the system life-cycle, and enables readers to: Understand the life-cycle approach to engineering reliability Explore failure analysis techniques and their importance in reliability engineering Learn the skills of linear programming, financial analysis, and budgeting for maintenance Analyze the application of key concepts through realistic Case Studies This text will equip engineering students, engineers and technical managers with the knowledge and skills they need, and the numerous examples and case studies include provide insight to their real-world application. An Instructor’s Manual and Figure Slides are available for instructors.

High Performance Materials In Aerospace

Author: Harvey M. Flower
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401106851
Size: 69.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Aerospace presents an extremely challenging environment for structural materials and the development of new, or improved, materials: processes for material and for component production are the subject of continuous research activity. It is in the nature of high performance materials that the steps of material and of component production should not be considered in isolation from one another. Indeed, in some cases, the very process of material production may also incorporate part or all of the component production itself and, at the very least, will influence the choice of material/component production method to be employed. How ever, the developments currently taking place are to be discovered largely within the confines of specialist conferences or books each dedicated to perhaps a single element of the overall process. In this book contributors, experts drawn from both academia and the aerospace industry, have joined together to combine their individual knowledge to examine high performance aerospace materials in terms of their production, structure, properties and applications. The central interrelationships between the development of structure through the production route and between structure and the properties exhibited in the final component are considered. It is hoped that the book will be of interest to students of aeronautical engineering and of materials science, together with those working within the aerospace industry. Harvey M. Flower Imperial College 1 Design requirements for aerospace structural materials C. J. Peel and P. J. Gregson 1.