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Supreme Court Jurisprudence In Times Of National Crisis Terrorism And War

Author: Arthur H. Garrison
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739151045
Size: 44.73 MB
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From the foundation of the American Republic, presidents have had to deal with both internal and external national security threats. From President Washington and his policy of neutrality during the wars between Great Britain and France in the eighteenth century, to President Lincoln and the war to save the union, to President Wilson during the war to end all wars, to President Roosevelt and war of the Greatest Generation, to President Truman and his steel during the forgotten war, and most recently to President Bush and the War on Terror, presidents have had to use their power as commander-in-chief to meet the challenges of national crisis and war. The judiciary, specifically the Supreme Court, has also played an integral part in the historical development and defining of the commander-in-chief power in times of war and national crisis from the earliest days of the republic. How these powers have grown is a consequence of how the presidents have viewed the office of the presidency and how the judiciary has interpreted the commander-in-chief and executive power clauses of the U.S. Constitution over time. Supreme Court Jurisprudence in Times of National Crisis, Terrorism, and War provides a chronological review of the major national security and war events in American history. Garrison reviews the great debates between Hamilton and Madison and Chief Justice Roger Taney and Attorney General Edward Bates on presidential executive power and how subsequent presidents have adopted the Hamiltonian view of the presidency. He also examines how Article III courts, specifically the Supreme Court, have defined, expanded, and established boundaries on the commander-in-chief power. With this historical backdrop, Garrison reveals how, for over two centuries, the judiciary has defended the rule of law and maintained the principle that under the U.S. Constitution neither the guns of war nor threats to safety have silenced the rule of law.

Krisengesetzgebung

Author: Angela Schwerdtfeger
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161556364
Size: 69.87 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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In Krisen geraten Gesetzgebung und Gesetzgebungswissenschaft unter Druck. Dies veranschaulicht die europäische Finanz- und Staatsschuldenkrise. Krisengesetze bilden jedoch keinen neuen Gesetzestyp. Vielmehr stellt Krisengesetzgebung ein konzentriertes Abbild der allgemeinen Gesetzgebung dar. Ihre Untersuchung liefert daher Erkenntnisse über Krisen hinaus. Ausgehend von einer Bestandsaufnahme der Krisenphänomene des Gesetzgebungsverfahrens und der Gesetzesgestaltung entwickelt Angela Schwerdtfeger eine gewaltenteilige Perspektive auf Krisengesetzgebung, die auch supra- und internationale Entscheidungsstrukturen berücksichtigt. Diese legt zum einen verfassungsrechtliche Anforderungen an das Zusammenwirken von Parlament und Regierung im Gesetzgebungsverfahren offen. Zum anderen zeichnet sie verfassungskonforme Vorschläge für eine gute Gesetzesgestaltung im Sinne der Gesetzgebungslehre vor.

Historical Dictionary Of United States Middle East Relations

Author: Peter L. Hahn
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442262958
Size: 77.55 MB
Format: PDF
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This second edition of Historical Dictionary of United States-Middle East Relations contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and a bibliography. The dictionary section has over 300 cross-referenced entries on national leaders, non-governmental organizations, policy initiatives, and armed conflicts.

Permanent State Of Emergency

Author: Ryan Alford
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 077354920X
Size: 59.16 MB
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In the wake of the attacks of September 11, 2001, the United States launched initiatives that test the limits of international human rights law. The indefinite detention and torture of detainees at Guantánamo Bay, targeted killing, and mass surveillance require an expansion of executive authority that negates the rule of law. In Permanent State of Emergency, Ryan Alford establishes that the ongoing failure to address human rights abuses is a symptom of the most serious constitutional crisis in American history. Instead of curbing the increase in executive power, Congress and the courts facilitated the breakdown of the nation’s constitutional order and set the stage for presidential supremacy. The presidency, Alford argues, is now more than imperial: it is an elective dictatorship. Providing both an overview and a systematic analysis of the new regime, he objectively demonstrates that it does not meet even the minimum requirements of the rule of law. At this critical juncture in American democracy, Permanent State of Emergency alerts the public to the structural transformation of the state and reiterates the importance of the constitutional limits of the American presidency.

From Chinese Exclusion To Guant Namo Bay

Author: Natsu Taylor Saito
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 26.56 MB
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This study details historic applications of the plenary power doctrine, in which US courts allow the executive branch full power over groups of citizens without concomitant constitutional protection, showing that expansions of power aren't unique to the Bush administration but part of a troubling tradition that, according to the author, undermines American principles and may violate international human rights law.

Interrogations Forced Feedings And The Role Of Health Professionals

Author: Ryan Goodman
Publisher: Human Rights Program at Harvard law
ISBN:
Size: 55.56 MB
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The involvement of health professionals in human rights and humanitarian law violations has again become a live issue as a consequence of the U.S. prosecution of conflicts with al Qaeda, the Taliban, and Iraq. In this volume, a wide range of prominent practitioners and scholars explore these issues. Their insights provide significant potential for reforming institutions to assist health professionals maintain their legal and ethical obligations in times of national crisis.