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Symplectic Methods In Harmonic Analysis And In Mathematical Physics

Author: Maurice A. de Gosson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3764399929
Size: 49.23 MB
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The aim of this book is to give a rigorous and complete treatment of various topics from harmonic analysis with a strong emphasis on symplectic invariance properties, which are often ignored or underestimated in the time-frequency literature. The topics that are addressed include (but are not limited to) the theory of the Wigner transform, the uncertainty principle (from the point of view of symplectic topology), Weyl calculus and its symplectic covariance, Shubin’s global theory of pseudo-differential operators, and Feichtinger’s theory of modulation spaces. Several applications to time-frequency analysis and quantum mechanics are given, many of them concurrent with ongoing research. For instance, a non-standard pseudo-differential calculus on phase space where the main role is played by “Bopp operators” (also called “Landau operators” in the literature) is introduced and studied. This calculus is closely related to both the Landau problem and to the deformation quantization theory of Flato and Sternheimer, of which it gives a simple pseudo-differential formulation where Feichtinger’s modulation spaces are key actors. This book is primarily directed towards students or researchers in harmonic analysis (in the broad sense) and towards mathematical physicists working in quantum mechanics. It can also be read with profit by researchers in time-frequency analysis, providing a valuable complement to the existing literature on the topic. A certain familiarity with Fourier analysis (in the broad sense) and introductory functional analysis (e.g. the elementary theory of distributions) is assumed. Otherwise, the book is largely self-contained and includes an extensive list of references.

Pseudo Differential Operators Generalized Functions And Asymptotics

Author: Shahla Molahajloo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3034805853
Size: 22.52 MB
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This volume consists of twenty peer-reviewed papers from the special session on pseudodifferential operators and the special session on generalized functions and asymptotics at the Eighth Congress of ISAAC held at the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia in Moscow on August 22‒27, 2011. The category of papers on pseudo-differential operators contains such topics as elliptic operators assigned to diffeomorphisms of smooth manifolds, analysis on singular manifolds with edges, heat kernels and Green functions of sub-Laplacians on the Heisenberg group and Lie groups with more complexities than but closely related to the Heisenberg group, Lp-boundedness of pseudo-differential operators on the torus, and pseudo-differential operators related to time-frequency analysis. The second group of papers contains various classes of distributions and algebras of generalized functions with applications in linear and nonlinear differential equations, initial value problems and boundary value problems, stochastic and Malliavin-type differential equations. This second group of papers are related to the third collection of papers via the setting of Colombeau-type spaces and algebras in which microlocal analysis is developed by means of techniques in asymptotics. The volume contains the synergies of the three areas treated and is a useful complement to volumes 155, 164, 172, 189, 205 and 213 published in the same series in, respectively, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010 and 2011.

Born Jordan Quantization

Author: Maurice A. de Gosson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319279025
Size: 79.84 MB
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This book presents a comprehensive mathematical study of the operators behind the Born–Jordan quantization scheme. The Schrödinger and Heisenberg pictures of quantum mechanics are equivalent only if the Born–Jordan scheme is used. Thus, Born–Jordan quantization provides the only physically consistent quantization scheme, as opposed to the Weyl quantization commonly used by physicists. In this book we develop Born–Jordan quantization from an operator-theoretical point of view, and analyze in depth the conceptual differences between the two schemes. We discuss various physically motivated approaches, in particular the Feynman-integral point of view. One important and intriguing feature of Born-Jordan quantization is that it is not one-to-one: there are infinitely many classical observables whose quantization is zero.

Microlocal Analysis For Differential Operators

Author: Alain Grigis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521449861
Size: 75.10 MB
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This book corresponds to a graduate course given many times by the authors, and should prove to be useful to mathematicians and theoretical physicists.

Introduction To Pseudodifferential And Fourier Integral Operators

Author: Jean-François Treves
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468487809
Size: 36.72 MB
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I have tried in this book to describe those aspects of pseudodifferential and Fourier integral operator theory whose usefulness seems proven and which, from the viewpoint of organization and "presentability," appear to have stabilized. Since, in my opinion, the main justification for studying these operators is pragmatic, much attention has been paid to explaining their handling and to giving examples of their use. Thus the theoretical chapters usually begin with a section in which the construction of special solutions of linear partial differential equations is carried out, constructions from which the subsequent theory has emerged and which continue to motivate it: parametrices of elliptic equations in Chapter I (introducing pseudodifferen tial operators of type 1, 0, which here are called standard), of hypoelliptic equations in Chapter IV (devoted to pseudodifferential operators of type p, 8), fundamental solutions of strongly hyperbolic Cauchy problems in Chap ter VI (which introduces, from a "naive" standpoint, Fourier integral operators), and of certain nonhyperbolic forward Cauchy problems in Chapter X (Fourier integral operators with complex phase). Several chapters-II, III, IX, XI, and XII-are devoted entirely to applications. Chapter II provides all the facts about pseudodifferential operators needed in the proof of the Atiyah-Singer index theorem, then goes on to present part of the results of A. Calderon on uniqueness in the Cauchy problem, and ends with a new proof (due to J. J. Kohn) of the celebrated sum-of-squares theorem of L. Hormander, a proof that beautifully demon strates the advantages of using pseudodifferential operators.

An Introduction To Symplectic Geometry

Author: Rolf Berndt
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821820568
Size: 47.27 MB
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Starts with the basics of the geometry of symplectic vector spaces. Then, symplectic manifolds are defined and explored. In addition to the essential classic results, such as Darboux's theorem, more recent results and ideas are also included here, such as symplectic capacity and pseudoholomorphic curves. These ideas have revolutionized the subject. The main examples of symplectic manifolds are given, including the cotangent bundle, Kahler manifolds, and coadjoint orbits.Further principal ideas are carefully examined, such as Hamiltonian vector fields, the Poisson bracket, and connections with contact manifolds. Berndt describes some of the close connections between symplectic geometry and mathematical physics in the last two chapters of the book. In particular, the moment map is defined and explored, both mathematically and in its relation to physics. He also introduces symplectic reduction, which is an important tool for reducing the number of variables in a physical system and for constructing new symplectic manifolds from old. The final chapter is on quantization, which uses symplectic methods to take classical mechanics to quantum mechanics.This section includes a discussion of the Heisenberg group and the Weil (or metaplectic) representation of the symplectic group. Several appendices provide background material on vector bundles, on cohomology, and on Lie groups and Lie algebras and their representations.

Symplectic Geometry And Quantum Mechanics

Author: Maurice A. de Gosson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3764375752
Size: 10.62 MB
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This book offers a complete discussion of techniques and topics intervening in the mathematical treatment of quantum and semi-classical mechanics. It starts with a very readable introduction to symplectic geometry. Many topics are also of genuine interest for pure mathematicians working in geometry and topology.

Symplectic 4 Manifolds And Algebraic Surfaces

Author: Denis Auroux
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540782796
Size: 53.14 MB
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Modern approaches to the study of symplectic 4-manifolds and algebraic surfaces combine a wide range of techniques and sources of inspiration. Gauge theory, symplectic geometry, pseudoholomorphic curves, singularity theory, moduli spaces, braid groups, monodromy, in addition to classical topology and algebraic geometry, combine to make this one of the most vibrant and active areas of research in mathematics. It is our hope that the five lectures of the present volume given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy, September 2-10, 2003 will be useful to people working in related areas of mathematics and will become standard references on these topics. The volume is a coherent exposition of an active field of current research focusing on the introduction of new methods for the study of moduli spaces of complex structures on algebraic surfaces, and for the investigation of symplectic topology in dimension 4 and higher.

Symplectic Techniques In Physics

Author: Victor Guillemin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521389907
Size: 19.75 MB
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Symplectic geometry is very useful for clearly and concisely formulating problems in classical physics and also for understanding the link between classical problems and their quantum counterparts. It is thus a subject of interest to both mathematicians and physicists, though they have approached the subject from different view points. This is the first book that attempts to reconcile these approaches. The authors use the uncluttered, coordinate-free approach to symplectic geometry and classical mechanics that has been developed by mathematicians over the course of the last thirty years, but at the same time apply the apparatus to a great number of concrete problems. In the first chapter, the authors provide an elementary introduction to symplectic geometry and explain the key concepts and results in a way accessible to physicists and mathematicians. The remainder of the book is devoted to the detailed analysis and study of the ideas discussed in Chapter 1. Some of the themes emphasized in the book include the pivotal role of completely integrable systems, the importance of symmetries, analogies between classical dynamics and optics, the importance of symplectic tools in classical variational theory, symplectic features of classical field theories, and the principle of general covariance. This work can be used as a textbook for graduate courses, but the depth of coverage and the wealth of information and application means that it will be of continuing interest to, and of lasting significance for mathematicians and mathematically minded physicists.

Radon Integrals

Author: Bernd Anger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817636302
Size: 64.20 MB
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In topological measure theory, Radon measures are the most important objects. In the context of locally compact spaces, there are two equivalent canonical definitions. As a set function, a Radon measure is an inner compact regular Borel measure, finite on compact sets. As a functional, it is simply a positive linear form, defined on the vector lattice of continuous real-valued functions with compact support. During the last few decades, in particular because of the developments of modem probability theory and mathematical physics, attention has been focussed on measures on general topological spaces which are no longer locally compact, e.g. spaces of continuous functions or Schwartz distributions. For a Radon measure on an arbitrary Hausdorff space, essentially three equivalent definitions have been proposed: As a set function, it was defined by L. Schwartz as an inner compact regular Borel measure which is locally bounded. G. Choquet considered it as a strongly additive right continuous content on the lattice of compact subsets. Following P.A. Meyer, N. Bourbaki defined a Radon measure as a locally uniformly bounded family of compatible positive linear forms, each defined on the vector lattice of continuous functions on some compact subset.