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Systems Thinking For Geoengineering Policy

Author: Robert Chris
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317554884
Size: 52.18 MB
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Even by the scientists most closely associated with it, geoengineering – the deliberate intervention in the climate at global scale to mitigate the effects of climate change – is perceived to be risky. For all its potential benefits, there are robust differences of opinion over the wisdom of such an intervention. Systems Thinking for Geoengineering Policy is the first book to theorise geoengineering in terms of complex adaptive systems theory and to argue for the theoretical imperative of adaptive management as the default methodology for an effective low risk means of confronting the inescapable uncertainty and surprise that characterise potential climate futures. The book illustrates how a shift from the conventional Enlightenment paradigm of linear reductionist thinking, in favour of systems thinking, would promote policies that are robust against the widest range of plausible futures rather than optimal only for the most likely, and also unlock the policy paralysis caused by making long term predictions of policy outcomes a prior condition for policy formulation. It also offers some systems driven reflections on a global governance network for geoengineering. This book is a valuable resource for all those with an interest in climate change policy, geoengineering, and CAS theory, including academics, under- and postgraduate students and policymakers.

Assessing The Societal Implications Of Emerging Technologies

Author: Evan S. Michelson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317302222
Size: 25.28 MB
Format: PDF
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A growing problem of interest in the field of science and technology policy is that the next generation of innovations is arriving at an accelerating rate, and the governance system is struggling to catch up. Current approaches and institutions for effective technology assessment are ill suited and poorly designed to proactively address the multidimensional, interconnected societal impacts of science and technology advancements that are already taking place and expected to continue over the course of the 21st century. This book offers tangible insights into the strategies deployed by well-known, high-profile organizations involved in anticipating the various societal and policy implications of nanotechnology and synthetic biology. It focuses predominantly on an examination of the practices adopted by the often-cited and uniquely positioned Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies in the United States, as well as being informed by comparisons with a range of institutions also interested in embedding forward-looking perspectives in their respective area of innovation. The book lays out one of the first actionable roadmaps that other interested stakeholders can follow when working toward institutionalizing anticipatory governance practices throughout the policymaking process.

Joint Fact Finding In Urban Planning And Environmental Disputes

Author: Masahiro Matsuura
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317311256
Size: 66.57 MB
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The days of rationalist scientific management and deference to official data are behind us. The credibility of experts and the information they provide are regularly challenged; officials are routinely provided with conflicting sets of ‘facts’ as they plan and make decisions; and decision-makers and stakeholders alike are largely sceptical that technical information will adequately account for the various interests and concerns and lead to the right outcomes. Uncertainly around issues like climate change only complicates matters further, as scientists and technicians must increasingly acknowledge the uncertainty and potential fallibility of their findings. This book examines how groups looking to plan and make decisions in any number of areas wade through the imperfect and often contradictory information they have to make fair, efficient, wise and well-informed choices. An emerging and very promising approach called joint fact-finding (JFF) can help. Rather than each stakeholder group marshalling the set of facts that best advance their respective interests and perspectives while discrediting the contradictory facts others provide, groups are challenged to collaboratively generate a shared set of facts that all parties accept. This book will introduce readers to the theory of JFF, the value it can provide, and how they can adopt this approach in practice. It will bring together writings from leading practitioners and scholars from around the world that are at the forefront of JFF approach to science intensive policy making, urban planning, and environmental dispute resolution. It will comprise of two parts: First, a set of chapters that outline the concept and practice of JFF; and second, a set of case-based chapters that elucidate how JFF is being applied in practice. This book delivers a new perspective to scholars in the field of public policy, urban planning, environmental studies, and science and technology studies, as well as public officials, technical experts, policy consultants, and professional facilitators.

Sicherheitsrisiko Klimawandel

Author: Wissenschaftlicher Beirat der Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen (WBGU)
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540732489
Size: 60.13 MB
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Verteilungskämpfe in und zwischen Ländern – um Wasser, um Land, um die Bewältigung von Flüchtlingsbewegungen. Gewalt und Destabilisierung könnten die (inter)nationale Sicherheit in naher Zukunft in einem bisher unbekannten Ausmaß bedrohen. Aktuell und interdisziplinär schildert der "Wissenschaftliche Beirat der Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen" (WBGU) die Chance: das gemeinsame, energische und weltweite Gegensteuern des Staatenbundes.

Solar

Author: Ian McEwan
Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG
ISBN: 3257600291
Size: 41.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Michael Beard ist Physiker – und Frauenheld. Er hat den Nobelpreis erhalten, doch ist er alles andere als nobel: Im Beruf ruht er sich auf seinen Lorbeeren aus, privat hält es ihn auf Dauer bei keiner Frau. Bis die geniale Idee eines Rivalen für Zündstoff in seinem Leben sorgt. In ›Solar‹ geht es nicht nur um Sonnen-, sondern auch um kriminelle Energie.