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Systems Thinking Systems Practice

Author: Peter Checkland
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN:
Size: 64.43 MB
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Systems Thinking, Systems Practice "Whether by design, accident or merely synchronicity, Checkland appears to have developed a habit of writing seminal publications near the start of each decade which establish the basis and framework for systems methodology research for that decade." Hamish Rennie, Journal of the Operational Research Society, 1992 Thirty years ago Peter Checkland set out to test whether the Systems Engineering (SE) approach, highly successful in technical problems, could be used by managers coping with the unfolding complexities of organizational life. The straightforward transfer of SE to the broader situations of management was not possible, but by insisting on a combination of systems thinking strongly linked to real-world practice Checkland and his collaborators developed an alternative approach - Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) - which enables managers of all kinds and at any level to deal with the subtleties and confusions of the situations they face. This work established the now accepted distinction between 'hard' systems thinking, in which parts of the world are taken to be 'systems' which can be 'engineered', and 'soft' systems thinking in which the focus is on making sure the process of inquiry into real-world complexity is itself a system for learning. Systems Thinking, Systems Practice (1981) and Soft Systems Methodology in Action (1990) together with an earlier paper Towards a Systems-based Methodology for Real-World Problem Solving (1972) have long been recognized as classics in the field. Now Peter Checkland has looked back over the three decades of SSM development, brought the account of it up to date, and reflected on the whole evolutionary process which has produced a mature SSM. SSM: A 30-Year Retrospective, here included with Systems Thinking, Systems Practice closes a chapter on what is undoubtedly the most significant single research programme on the use of systems ideas in problem solving. Now retired from full-time university work, Peter Checkland continues his research as a Leverhulme Emeritus Fellow.

Praxishandbuch Nachhaltige Produktentwicklung

Author: Ulrich Scholz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662573202
Size: 77.68 MB
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Nachhaltige Lebensmittel, nachhaltige Textilien, nachhaltiger Konsum – immer mehr Unternehmen orientieren sich am Trend und den Grundsätzen der nachhaltigen Entwicklung. Damit bedienen sie nicht nur einen wachsenden Markt, sondern schonen gleichzeitig natürliche Ressourcen und senken so ihre Produktionskosten. Das Praxishandbuch zeigt Unternehmen, wie sie ihre Produktion und ihr Marketing langfristig auf nachhaltige Methoden und Techniken umstellen können. Dabei folgen die Autoren dem Green Marketing. Dieser Ansatz geht auf das steigende Umweltbewusstsein der Kunden ein und hilft so Unternehmen, die eigene Marktposition mithilfe nachhaltiger Produkte zu stärken. Die Autoren richten sich damit an mittelständische Unternehmen sowie Entscheider und Führungskräfte in größeren Unternehmen, die wissen möchten, wie sie mit umweltbewusster Produktentwicklung neue Märkte erschließen und ihre Wettbewerbsfähigkeit steigern können. Die insgesamt 21 Kapitel sind in vier große Themenblöcke zusammengefasst: „Grundlagen der Nachhaltigkeit“, „Grundlagen der Produktentwicklung“, „Phasen der nachhaltigen Produktentwicklung“ und „Ausblick“. Dabei geht es sowohl um grundsätzliche, als auch praktische Fragen: Welche Faktoren begünstigen die Entwicklung nachhaltiger Produkte? Was sind die betrieblichen und rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen? Was sind die Phasen der nachhaltigen Produktentwicklung? Und wie können Unternehmen umweltfreundliche Produkte am besten vermarkten? Die Kapitel bauen inhaltlich aufeinander auf, sind aber in sich abgeschlossen und auch unabhängig voneinander gut verständlich. Daher lässt sich das Buch gut als Leitfaden oder Nachschlagewerk benutzen. Darüber hinaus eignet sich der Band als Lehrbuch an Berufs- und Fachhochschulen.

Schl Sselwerke Der Systemtheorie

Author: Dirk Baecker
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531200038
Size: 57.63 MB
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Die Systemtheorie ist ein Versuch, Beschreibungen für Phänomene zu finden, die weder so einfach sind, dass sie kausal, noch so zufällig, dass sie statistisch beschrieben werden können. In der Systemtheorie geht es um Phänomene der Selbstorganisation und um die Frage, wie der Beobachter mit einer Begrifflichkeit ausgestattet werden kann, die es ihm erlaubt, zu begreifen, dass er mit seinen Beschreibungen ein Teil der Welt ist und nicht in einem imaginären Außerhalb agiert. Die 2. Auflage ergänzt die Texte der 1. Auflage um konzeptionelle Beiträge aus der Management- und Organisationslehre sowie um weitere Beiträge aus der allgemeinen Systemtheorie und Kognitionswissenschaft. Überdies sind die Texte nicht mehr nur chronologisch geordnet, sondern bestimmten Themengruppen zugeordnet. Nach wie vor gibt es Beiträge, die Schlüsselwerke würdigen, und Beiträge, die aus Schlüsselwerken Konsequenzen für die eigene Arbeit ziehen. Der Inhalt · Kybernetik · Kommunikation · Selbstorganisation und Autopoiesis · Mathematik und Logik · Management und Design · Soziologie und Politikwissenschaft Die Zielgruppen · SoziologInnen · SystemtheoretikerInnen · BeraterInnen · TherapeutInnen · Erkenntnis- und WissenschaftsforscherInnen Der Herausgeber Prof. Dr. Dirk Baecker, Soziologe, ist Inhaber des Lehrstuhls für Kulturtheorie und Management an der Universität Witten/Herdecke.

Soft Systems Methodology

Author: Peter Checkland
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISBN: 9780471986058
Size: 34.35 MB
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Soft Systems Methodology in Action "Whether by design, accident or merely synchronicity, Checkland appears to have developed a habit of writing seminal publications near the start of each decade which establish the basis and framework for systems methodology research for that decade." Hamish Rennie, Journal of the Operational Research Society, 1992 Thirty years ago Peter Checkland set out to test whether the Systems Engineering (SE) approach, highly successful in technical problems, could be used by managers coping with the unfolding complexities of organizational life. The straightforward transfer of SE to the broader situations of management was not possible, but by insisting on a combination of systems thinking strongly linked to real-world practice Checkland and his collaborators developed an alternative approach - Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) - which enables managers of all kinds and at any level to deal with the subtleties and confusions of the situations they face. This work established the now accepted distinction between 'hard' systems thinking, in which parts of the world are taken to be 'systems' which can be 'engineered', and 'soft' systems thinking in which the focus is on making sure the process of inquiry into real-world complexity is itself a system for learning. Systems Thinking, Systems Practice (1981) and Soft Systems Methodology in Action (1990) together with an earlier paper Towards a Systems-based Methodology for Real-World Problem Solving (1972) have long been recognized as classics in the field. Now-Peter Checkland has looked back over the three decades of SSM development, brought the account of it up to date, and reflected on the whole evolutionary process which has produced a mature SSM. SSM: A 30-Year Retrospective, here included with Soft Systems Methodology in Action closes a chapter on what is undoubtedly the most significant single research programme on the use of systems ideas in problem solving. Now retired from full-time university work, Peter Checkland continues his research as a Leverhulme Emeritus Fellow.

Thinking Through Systems Thinking

Author: Ion Georgiou
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136016384
Size: 66.86 MB
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Systemicity is receiving wider attention thanks to its evident paradox. On the one hand, it occurs as a problem with complex symptoms. On the other, it is sought after as an approach for dealing with the non-linear reality of the world. At once problem and prize, systemicity continues to confound. This book details the mechanics of this paradox as they arise from human epistemological engagement with the world. Guided by an original analysis of the fundamental idea of emergent property, Thinking Through Systems Thinking uncovers the distinct significance, but also incompleteness, of the systems approach as a theory of human epistemological engagement. The incompleteness is treated through a non-eclectic interdisciplinary investigation which meets ten distinctly developed criteria required of any potential interdisciplinary partner to systems thinking. There results a theory of knowledge – an epistemology - which is systemic in both senses of the term: it belongs to the general systems movement, and it is systemically structured. The systems movement is thus offered a distinct epistemological voice which can compete on equal ground with other philosophical/epistemological positions. In true systemic fashion, this theory of knowledge also offers methodological, ethical, and existential implications.

Die Kunst Vernetzt Zu Denken

Author: Frederic Vester
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783423330770
Size: 63.52 MB
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Aktualisierte und erweiterte Taschenbuchausgabe als Bericht an den Club of Rome. Den biokybernetischen Denkansatz von Frederic Vester halte ich für den einzig richtigen Zukunftsweg. Daniel Goeudevert Strukturelle Arbeitslosigkeit, alarmierende Umweltveränderungen, wiederkehrende Anzeichen eines Börsencrashs, die Verstrickung in kriegerische Auseinandersetzungen: angesichts einer immer komplexeren Welt wird die Unzulänglichkeit herkömmlicher Denkweisen immer deutlicher. Für sich perfekt geplant, können die Folgen jedes Eingriffs in vielschichtige Gefügefatale Konsequenzen haben: Rückkopplungen, Zeitverzögerungen, Spätfolgen. Über zwanzigjährige Erfahrung mit solchen Fragen ist hier zusammengefaßt zu einem Praxisbuch für Politiker, Manager und alle anderen, die in solchen Zusammenhängen denken müssen und wollen. Für die Taschenbuchausgabe durchgehend aktualisiert und erweitert um ein Kapitel zur Gentechnologie.

Systems Research For Real World Challenges

Author: Stowell, Frank
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522559973
Size: 22.69 MB
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In a complex and changing world, current scientific approaches to problem solving have drastically evolved to include complexity models and emerging systems. Breaking problems into the smallest component and examining its position inside a system allows for a more regulated and measured technique in investigation, discovery, and providing solutions. Systems Research for Real-World Challenges is an essential reference source that explores the development of systems philosophy, theory, practice, its models, concepts, and methodologies developed as an aid for improving decision making and problem solving for the benefit of organizations and society as a whole. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as complexity models, management systems, and economic policy, this book is ideally designed for scientists, policy makers, researchers, managers, and systematists seeking current research on the benefits and approaches of problem solving within the realm of systems thinking and practice.

Systems Thinking Critical Realism And Philosophy

Author: John Mingers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317684613
Size: 22.56 MB
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Systems Thinking, Critical Realism and Philosophy: A Confluence of Ideas seeks to re-address the whole question of philosophy and systems thinking for the twenty first century and provide a new work that would be of value to both systems and philosophy. This is a highly opportune time when different fields – critical realism, philosophy of science and systems thinking – are all developing around the same set of concepts and yet not realizing it. This book will be of interest to the academic systems community worldwide and due to it's interdisciplinary coverage, it will also be of relevance to a wide range of scholars in other disciplines, particularly philosophy but also operational research, information systems, and sociology.

Modeling And Simulation Support For System Of Systems Engineering Applications

Author: Larry B. Rainey
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118501748
Size: 72.63 MB
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“...a much-needed handbook with contributions from well-chosen practitioners. A primary accomplishment is to provide guidance for those involved in modeling and simulation in support of Systems of Systems development, more particularly guidance that draws on well-conceived academic research to define concepts and terms, that identifies primary challenges for developers, and that suggests fruitful approaches grounded in theory and successful examples.” Paul Davis, The RAND Corporation Modeling and Simulation Support for System of Systems Engineering Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the underlying theory, methods, and solutions in modeling and simulation support for system of systems engineering. Highlighting plentiful multidisciplinary applications of modeling and simulation, the book uniquely addresses the criteria and challenges found within the field. Beginning with a foundation of concepts, terms, and categories, a theoretical and generalized approach to system of systems engineering is introduced, and real-world applications via case studies and examples are presented. A unified approach is maintained in an effort to understand the complexity of a single system as well as the context among other proximate systems. In addition, the book features: Cutting edge coverage of modeling and simulation within the field of system of systems, including transportation, system health management, space mission analysis, systems engineering methodology, and energy State-of-the-art advances within multiple domains to instantiate theoretic insights, applicable methods, and lessons learned from real-world applications of modeling and simulation The challenges of system of systems engineering using a systematic and holistic approach Key concepts, terms, and activities to provide a comprehensive, unified, and concise representation of the field A collection of chapters written by over 40 recognized international experts from academia, government, and industry A research agenda derived from the contribution of experts that guides scholars and researchers towards open questions Modeling and Simulation Support for System of Systems Engineering Applications is an ideal reference and resource for academics and practitioners in operations research, engineering, statistics, mathematics, modeling and simulation, and computer science. The book is also an excellent course book for graduate and PhD-level courses in modeling and simulation, engineering, and computer science.