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Taming The Unknown

Author: Victor J. Katz
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400850525
Size: 56.21 MB
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What is algebra? For some, it is an abstract language of x's and y’s. For mathematics majors and professional mathematicians, it is a world of axiomatically defined constructs like groups, rings, and fields. Taming the Unknown considers how these two seemingly different types of algebra evolved and how they relate. Victor Katz and Karen Parshall explore the history of algebra, from its roots in the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, China, and India, through its development in the medieval Islamic world and medieval and early modern Europe, to its modern form in the early twentieth century. Defining algebra originally as a collection of techniques for determining unknowns, the authors trace the development of these techniques from geometric beginnings in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia and classical Greece. They show how similar problems were tackled in Alexandrian Greece, in China, and in India, then look at how medieval Islamic scholars shifted to an algorithmic stage, which was further developed by medieval and early modern European mathematicians. With the introduction of a flexible and operative symbolism in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, algebra entered into a dynamic period characterized by the analytic geometry that could evaluate curves represented by equations in two variables, thereby solving problems in the physics of motion. This new symbolism freed mathematicians to study equations of degrees higher than two and three, ultimately leading to the present abstract era. Taming the Unknown follows algebra’s remarkable growth through different epochs around the globe.

A Primer On Statistical Distributions

Author: N. Balakrishnan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471722212
Size: 17.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Designed as an introduction to statistical distribution theory. * Includes a first chapter on basic notations and definitions that are essential to working with distributions. * Remaining chapters are divided into three parts: Discrete Distributions, Continuous Distributions, and Multivariate Distributions. * Exercises are incorporated throughout the text in order to enhance understanding of materials just taught.

Essential Mathematics For Economics And Business

Author: Teresa Bradley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118358295
Size: 70.89 MB
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Containing numerous worked examples and exercises, this text aims to help students improve their understanding of key concepts and to develop stronger mathematical skills.

The Taming Of Chance

Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521388849
Size: 14.27 MB
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This book combines detailed scientific historical research with characteristic philosophic breadth and verve.

Bridging Traditions

Author: Karen Hunger Parshall
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781612481340
Size: 74.44 MB
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This book explores the connections between apparently different zones of comprehension and experience -- magic and experiment, alchemy and mechanics, practical mathematics and geometrical mysticism, things earthy and heavenly, and especially science and medicine -- by focusing on points of intersection among alchemy, chemistry, and Paracelsian medical philosophy. In exploring the varieties of natural knowledge in the early modern era, the authors pay tribute to the work of Allen Debus, whose own endeavours cleared the way for scholars to examine subjects that were once snubbed as suitable only to the refuse heap of the history of science.

Matrix Algebra From A Statistician S Perspective

Author: David A. Harville
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387783563
Size: 57.36 MB
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A knowledge of matrix algebra is a prerequisite for the study of much of modern statistics, especially the areas of linear statistical models and multivariate statistics. This reference book provides the background in matrix algebra necessary to do research and understand the results in these areas. Essentially self-contained, the book is best-suited for a reader who has had some previous exposure to matrices. Solultions to the exercises are available in the author's "Matrix Algebra: Exercises and Solutions."

Why Is There Philosophy Of Mathematics At All

Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107729823
Size: 23.10 MB
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This truly philosophical book takes us back to fundamentals - the sheer experience of proof, and the enigmatic relation of mathematics to nature. It asks unexpected questions, such as 'what makes mathematics mathematics?', 'where did proof come from and how did it evolve?', and 'how did the distinction between pure and applied mathematics come into being?' In a wide-ranging discussion that is both immersed in the past and unusually attuned to the competing philosophical ideas of contemporary mathematicians, it shows that proof and other forms of mathematical exploration continue to be living, evolving practices - responsive to new technologies, yet embedded in permanent (and astonishing) facts about human beings. It distinguishes several distinct types of application of mathematics, and shows how each leads to a different philosophical conundrum. Here is a remarkable body of new philosophical thinking about proofs, applications, and other mathematical activities.

Modern Algebra

Author: John R. Durbin
Publisher: Wiley Global Education
ISBN: 1118117611
Size: 34.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Engineers and computer scientists who need a basic understanding of algebra will benefit from this accessible book. The sixth edition includes many carefully worked examples and proofs to guide them through abstract algebra successfully. It introduces the most important kinds of algebraic structures, and helps them improve their ability to understand and work with abstract ideas. New and revised exercise sets are integrated throughout the first four chapters. A more in-depth discussion is also included on Galois Theory. The first six chapters provide engineers and computer scientists with the core of the subject and then the book explores the concepts in more detail.