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Techniques For Nuclear And Particle Physics Experiments

Author: William R. Leo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642579205
Size: 57.27 MB
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A treatment of the experimental techniques and instrumentation most often used in nuclear and particle physics experiments as well as in various other experiments, providing useful results and formulae, technical know-how and informative details. This second edition has been revised, while sections on Cherenkov radiation and radiation protection have been updated and extended.

Techniques For Nuclear And Particle Physics Experiments

Author: William R. Leo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540572800
Size: 70.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This revised and extended second edition treats the experimental techniques and instrumentation most often used in nuclear and particle physics experiments as well as in various other experiments. It provides useful results and formulae, technical know-how and informative details in a very practical, hands-on style.

Statistics For Nuclear And Particle Physicists

Author: Louis Lyons
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521379342
Size: 59.67 MB
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This practical approach to statistical problems arising regularly in analyzing data from nuclear and high energy physics experiments is geared toward non-statisticians.

Progress In Nuclear Physics

Author: O. R. Frisch
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483224929
Size: 27.19 MB
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Progress in Nuclear Physics, Volume 3 covers the advances in the experimental and theoretical studies on some aspects of nuclear physics. This volume is divided into nine chapters that include discussions on diffusion cloud chamber, precision instruments, and ?erenkov radiation. The opening chapter deals with the theory, design, and experimental applications of diffusion cloud chamber. The next chapters explored the energy measurements using proportional and solid conduction counters; the methods for studying orienting nuclei or nucleons; and the theoretical interpretation and practical applications of Čerenkov radiation. These topics are followed by discussions on positron annihilation, the role of stripping reactions in nuclear physics, and the production of intense ion beams. The final chapter considers the importance of the study of nucleon-deuteron collisions in nuclear physics. This book is of value to nuclear physicists and researchers in the allied fields.

Radiation Detection And Measurement

Author: Glenn F. Knoll
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470131489
Size: 12.37 MB
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This is the resource that engineers turn to in the study of radiation detection. The fourth edition takes into account the technical developments that continue to enhance the instruments and techniques available for the detection and spectroscopy of ionizing radiation. New coverage is presented on ROC curves, micropattern gas detectors, new sensors for scintillation light, and the excess noise factor. Revised discussions are also included on TLDs and cryogenic spectrometers, radiation backgrounds, and the VME standard. Engineers will gain a strong understanding of the field with this updated book.

Experimental Techniques In Nuclear And Particle Physics

Author: Stefaan Tavernier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642008290
Size: 49.62 MB
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I have been teaching courses on experimental techniques in nuclear and particle physics to master students in physics and in engineering for many years. This book grew out of the lecture notes I made for these students. The physics and engineering students have rather different expectations of what such a course should be like. I hope that I have nevertheless managed to write a book that can satisfy the needs of these different target audiences. The lectures themselves, of course, need to be adapted to the needs of each group of students. An engineering student will not qu- tion a statement like “the velocity of the electrons in atoms is ?1% of the velocity of light”, a physics student will. Regarding units, I have written factors h and c explicitly in all equations throughout the book. For physics students it would be preferable to use the convention that is common in physics and omit these constants in the equations, but that would probably be confusing for the engineering students. Physics students tend to be more interested in theoretical physics courses. However, physics is an experimental science and physics students should und- stand how experiments work, and be able to make experiments work.

Data Analysis Techniques For Physical Scientists

Author: Claude A. Pruneau
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108267882
Size: 70.52 MB
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A comprehensive guide to data analysis techniques for physical scientists, providing a valuable resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as seasoned researchers. The book begins with an extensive discussion of the foundational concepts and methods of probability and statistics under both the frequentist and Bayesian interpretations of probability. It next presents basic concepts and techniques used for measurements of particle production cross-sections, correlation functions, and particle identification. Much attention is devoted to notions of statistical and systematic errors, beginning with intuitive discussions and progressively introducing the more formal concepts of confidence intervals, credible range, and hypothesis testing. The book also includes an in-depth discussion of the methods used to unfold or correct data for instrumental effects associated with measurement and process noise as well as particle and event losses, before ending with a presentation of elementary Monte Carlo techniques.

The Physics Of Particle Detectors

Author: Dan Green
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521662260
Size: 42.51 MB
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This text provides a comprehensive introduction to the physical principles and design of particle detectors, covering all major detector types in use today. Emphasis is placed on explaining the physical principles behind particle detection, showing how those principles are best utilised in real detectors. The book will be of interest and value to undergraduates, graduates and researchers in both particle and nuclear physics. Exercises and detailed further reading lists are included.

Detectors For Particle Radiation

Author: Konrad Kleinknecht
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521648547
Size: 60.43 MB
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This textbook provides a clear, concise and comprehensive review of the physical principles behind the devices used to detect charged particles and gamma rays, and the construction and performance of these many different types of detectors. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and updated to include all the latest developments in detector technology. Detectors for high-energy particles and radiation are used in many areas of science, especially particle physics and nuclear physics experiments, nuclear medicine, cosmic ray measurements, space sciences and geological exploration. This second edition includes several new chapters, covering micro-strip gas chambers, silicon strip detectors and CCDs, scintillating fibres, shower detectors using noble liquid gases, and compensating calorimeters for hadronic showers. This lucid textbook is well illustrated throughout with examples from the many areas in science in which these detectors are used. It provides both a coursebook for students in physics, and a useful introduction for researchers in other fields.

Particles And Nuclei

Author: Bogdan Povh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662463210
Size: 19.23 MB
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This well-known introductory textbook gives a uniform presentation of nuclear and particle physics from an experimental point of view. The first part, Analysis, is devoted to disentangling the substructure of matter. This part shows that experiments designed to uncover the substructures of nuclei and nucleons have a similar conceptual basis, and lead to the present picture of all matter being constructed from a small number of elementary building blocks and a small number of fundamental interactions. The second part, Synthesis, shows how the elementary particles may be combined to build hadrons and nuclei. The fundamental interactions, which are responsible for the forces in all systems, become less and less evident in increasingly complex systems. Such systems are in fact dominated by many-body phenomena. A section on neutrino oscillations and one on nuclear matter at high temperatures bridge the field of "nuclear and particle physics" and "modem astrophysics and cosmology.“p> The seventh revised and extended edition includes new material, in particular the experimental verification of the Higgs particle at the LHC, recent results in neutrino physics, the violation of CP-symmetry in the decay of neutral B-mesons, the experimental investigations of the nucleon's spin structure and outstanding results of the HERA experiments in deep-inelastic electron- and positron-proton scattering. The concise text is based on lectures held at the University of Heidelberg and includes numerous exercises with worked answers. It has been translated into several languages and has become a standard reference for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses.