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Terror In France

Author: Gilles Kepel
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400884640
Size: 46.89 MB
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The virulent new brand of Islamic extremism threatening the West In November 2015, ISIS terrorists massacred scores of people in Paris with coordinated attacks on the Bataclan concert hall, cafés and restaurants, and the national sports stadium. On Bastille Day in 2016, an ISIS sympathizer drove a truck into crowds of vacationers at the beaches of Nice, and two weeks later an elderly French priest was murdered during morning Mass by two ISIS militants. Here is Gilles Kepel's explosive account of the radicalization of a segment of Muslim youth that led to those attacks—and of the failure of governments in France and across Europe to address it. It is a book everyone in the West must read. Terror in France shows how these atrocities represent a paroxysm of violence that has long been building. The turning point was in 2005, when the worst riots in modern French history erupted in the poor, largely Muslim suburbs of Paris after the accidental deaths of two boys who had been running from the police. The unrest—or "French intifada"—crystallized a new consciousness among young French Muslims. Some have fallen prey to the allure of "war of civilizations" rhetoric in ways never imagined by their parents and grandparents. This is the highly anticipated English edition of Kepel's sensational French bestseller, first published shortly after the Paris attacks. Now fully updated to reflect the latest developments and featuring a new introduction by the author, Terror in France reveals the truth about a virulent new wave of jihadism that has Europe as its main target. Its aim is to divide European societies from within by instilling fear, provoking backlash, and achieving the ISIS dream—shared by Europe's Far Right—of separating Europe's growing Muslim minority community from the rest of its citizens.

Terror In France

Author:
Publisher: Princeton Studies in Muslim Po
ISBN: 9780691174846
Size: 22.14 MB
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In November 2015, ISIS terrorists massacred scores of people in Paris with coordinated attacks on the Bataclan concert hall, caf�s and restaurants, and the national sports stadium. On Bastille Day in 2016, an ISIS sympathizer drove a truck into crowds of holiday goers at the beaches of Nice, and two weeks later an elderly French priest was murdered during morning Mass by two ISIS militants. Here is Gilles Kepel's explosive account of the radicalization of a segment of Muslim youth that led to those attacks--and of the failure of governments in France and across Europe to address it. It is a book everyone in the West must read. Terror in France shows how these atrocities represent a paroxysm of violence that has long been building. The turning point was in 2005, when the worst riots in modern French history erupted in the poor, largely Muslim suburbs of Paris after the accidental deaths of two boys who had been running from the police. The unrest--or "French intifada"--crystallized a new consciousness among young French Muslims. Some have fallen prey to the allure of "war of civilizations" rhetoric in ways never imagined by their parents and grandparents. This is the highly anticipated English edition of Kepel's sensational French bestseller, first published shortly after the Paris attacks. Now fully updated to reflect the latest developments and featuring a new introduction by the author, Terror in France reveals the truth about a virulent new wave of jihadism that has Europe as its main target. Its aim is to divide European societies from within by instilling fear, provoking backlash, and achieving the ISIS dream--shared by Europe's Far Right--of separating Europe's growing Muslim minority community from the rest of its citizens.

Ending The Terror

Author: Bronislaw Baczko
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521441056
Size: 56.53 MB
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A major assessment of a crucial moment in the history of the French Revolution - the fall of Robespierre in July 1794.

The Coming Of The Terror In The French Revolution

Author: Timothy Tackett
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674425189
Size: 67.47 MB
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How did the French Revolution’s ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity descend into violence and terror? Timothy Tackett offers a new interpretation of this turning point in world history. Penetrating the mentality of Revolutionary elites on the eve of the Terror, he reveals how suspicion and mistrust escalated and helped propel their actions.

The Terror

Author: Graeme Fife
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 1466849312
Size: 18.90 MB
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For the audience that made a major bestseller of Simon Schama's Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution comes this exhaustively researched, character-driven chronicle of revolutionary terror, its victims, and the young men---energetic, idealistic, and sincere---who turned the French Republic into a slaughterhouse. 1792 found the newborn Republic threatened from all sides: the British blockaded the coasts, Continental armies poured over the frontiers, and the provinces verged on open revolt. Paranoia simmering in the capital, the Revolution slipped under control of a powerful clique and its fanatical political organization, the Jacobin Club. For two years, this faction, obsessed with patriotism and purity---self-appointed to define both---inflicted on their countrymen a reign of terror unsurpassed until Stalin's Russia. It was the time dominated by Maximilien Robespierre, Georges Danton, Jean-Paul Marat and Louis-Antoine Saint-Just (called "The Angel of Death"), when Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette met their ends, when any hint of dissent was ruthlessly quashed by the State. It was the time of the guillotine, neighborhood informants, and mob justice. This extraordinary, bloodthirsty period comes vividly to life in Graeme Fife's new book. Drawing on contemporary police files, eyewitness accounts, directives from the sinister Committee for Public Safety, and heart-wrenching last letters from prisoners awaiting execution, the author brilliantly re-creates the psychotic atmosphere of that time.

The German Terror In France

Author: Arnold J. Toynbee
Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag
ISBN: 3849646149
Size: 50.29 MB
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In The German Terror in France Mr. Arnold J. Toynbee gives us the continuation of The German Terror in Belgium. Mr. Toynbee is an admirable and judicial compiler of evidence, and the numerous photographic illustrations here reproduced help to make more real this terrible indictment, this nightmare of German methods in warfare. Mr. Toynbee‘s volume begins with the German advance “from Liége to the Marne.” We are told that “ the massacres at Aerschot, the bombardment of Malines, the devastation of the villages between Malines and Louvain, and the sack of the city of Louvain itself, were all directly connected ” with the advance on Antwerp, and “ have made it notorious above all other German operations in the European War." But the advance on Antwerp was a subsidiary diversion to cover the tremendous and incredibly swift advance into France which was thrown back at the Marne. The outrages committed by the main armies “in their passage probably amounted to a greater sum of crime and suffering than the horrors concentrated between the Belgian frontier and Liége, or between the Démer and the Loire.It is useless here to describe the details of this dreadful narrative in which we see the Blonde Beast sacrificing human beings of all ages to all fates, robbing, pillaging, and doing unspeakable things, and things so filthy that it is difficult to understand how such ideas could exist.

The Unseen Terror

Author: Richard Ballard
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857731866
Size: 55.92 MB
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From the fall of the Bastille to the rise of Napoleon, Paris was the stage for most of the greatest crises of the French Revolution. Indeed, for many historians, the Revolution was a distinctly Parisian phenomenon, restricted to the galleries of the Tuileries and the chambers of the Jacobin Club. But Paris was only one setting for a national terror which was frequently and painfully felt outside the capital. What happened during these momentous years beyond Paris? How did the revolution spread from the capital and how did it affect people living in the provinces? Drawing on newly discovered and unpublished sources which cast fresh light on the lives of everyday men and women caught up in the revolutionary ferment, The Unseen Terror vividly portrays the impact of revolution in the French provinces. Focusing on the Charente-Maritime department of western France, Richard Ballard explores the course of the Revolution outside the palaces and prisons of the capital, reclaiming the pivotal but long-neglected stories of revolutionary and counter-revolutionary tensions in the French countryside. The Unseen Terror opens in the first optimistic flush of revolutionary feeling, when the disposessed members of the Third Estate were beginning to assert themselves. In La Rochelle, the new Republic confronted the rebels from the Vendée and the guillotines claimed fresh victims while the naval port of Rochefort witnessed extremes of government coercion against supposed counter-revolutionaries. The diaries of the anti-Jacobin lawyer, François-Guillaume Marillet, provide vivid testimony of the brutal suppression of the clergy, many of whom were tortured and murdered in rotting off-shore prison hulks. With vivid examples, Ballard illustrates how and why the phenomenon of the official Terror went so deep into all areas of French society and sheds new light on the tensions which erupted in even the smallest villages, where neigbours and friends turned against one another. The Unseen Terror offers many illuminating insights into how and why the revolution took hold so far away from the French capital. It offers a unique glimpse of the violent events of the Revolution ‘from below’ and is a rich and important contribution to a fuller understanding of French history.

In Defence Of The Terror

Author: Sophie Wahnich
Publisher: Verso Books
ISBN: 1844679330
Size: 69.74 MB
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For two hundred years after the French Revolution, the Republican tradition celebrated the execution of princes and aristocrats, defending the Terror that the Revolution inflicted upon on its enemies. But recent decades have brought a marked change in sensibility. The Revolution is no longer judged in terms of historical necessity but rather by “timeless” standards of morality. In this succinct essay, Sophie Wahnich explains how, contrary to prevailing interpretations, the institution of Terror sought to put a brake on legitimate popular violence—in Danton’s words, to “be terrible so as to spare the people the need to be so”—and was subsequently subsumed in a logic of war. The Terror was “a process welded to a regime of popular sovereignty, the only alternatives being to defeat tyranny or die for liberty.”

A Genealogy Of Terror In Eighteenth Century France

Author: Ronald Schechter
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022649960X
Size: 68.83 MB
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In contemporary political discourse, it is common to denounce violent acts as “terroristic.” But this reflexive denunciation is a surprisingly recent development. In A Genealogy of Terror in Eighteenth-Century France, Ronald Schechter tells the story of the term’s evolution in Western thought, examining a neglected yet crucial chapter of our complicated romance with terror. For centuries prior to the French Revolution, the word “terror” had largely positive connotations. Subjects flattered monarchs with the label “terror of his enemies.” Lawyers invoked the “terror of the laws.” Theater critics praised tragedies that imparted terror and pity. By August 1794, however, terror had lost its positive valence. As revolutionaries sought to rid France of its enemies, terror became associated with surveillance committees, tribunals, and the guillotine. By unearthing the tradition that associated terror with justice, magnificence, and health, Schechter helps us understand how the revolutionary call to make terror the order of the day could inspire such fervent loyalty in the first place—even as the gratuitous violence of the revolution eventually transformed it into the dreadful term we would recognize today. Most important, perhaps, Schechter proposes that terror is not an import to Western civilization—as contemporary discourse often suggests—but rather a domestic product with a long and consequential tradition.

France

Author: Jonathan Fenby
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 1250096855
Size: 71.69 MB
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With the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815, the next two centuries for France would be tumultuous. Critically acclaimed historian and political commentator Jonathan Fenby provides an expert and riveting journey through this period as he recounts and analyzes the extraordinary sequence of events of this period from the end of the First Revolution through two others, a return of Empire, three catastrophic wars with Germany, periods of stability and hope interspersed with years of uncertainty and high tensions. As her cross-channel neighbor Great Britain would equally suffer, France was to undergo the wrenching loss of colonies in the post-Second World War era as the new modern world we know today took shape. Her attempts to become the leader of the European union was a constant struggle, as was her lack of support for America in the two Gulf Wars of the past twenty years. Alongside this came huge social changes and cultural landmarks, but also fundamental questioning of what this nation, which considers itself exceptional, really stood—and stands—for. That saga and those questions permeate the France of today, now with an implacable enemy to face in the form of Islamic extremism which so bloodily announced itself this year in Paris. Fenby will detail every event, every struggle, and every outcome across this expanse of 200 years. It will prove to be the definitive guide to understanding France.