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Terrorism And Counterterrorism

Author: Carl Wellman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400760078
Size: 13.52 MB
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This book presents a definition of terrorism that is broad and descriptive and much needed to prevent misunderstanding. The book identifies the features that make terrorism ‘wrong’, including coerciveness, the violation of rights and undermining of trust. Next, it evaluates reasons given for terrorism such as the protection of human rights and the liberation of oppressed groups as not normally justified. Following this, the book identifies and evaluates international responses to terrorism, taking into account General Assembly and Security Council resolutions, United Nations conventions and criminalization in international law. It also looks at national responses which often take the shape of surveillance, detention, interrogation, trials, targeted killings, intrusion and invasion. Finally, the book discusses how, if at all, the moral norms of personal morality apply to the actions of nation states.​

Corruption And Anti Corruption In Policing Philosophical And Ethical Issues

Author: Seumas Miller
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319469916
Size: 32.21 MB
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High levels of police corruption have been a persistent historical tendency in police services throughout the world. While the general area of concern in this book is with police corruption and anti-corruption, the focus is on certain key philosophical and ethical issues that arise for police organisations confronting corruption. On the normative account proffered in this book the principal institutional purpose of policing is the protection of legally enshrined moral rights and the principal institutional anti-corruption arrangement is what is referred to as an integrity system. The latter includes oversight bodies with investigative powers and internal affairs departments as well as specific devices such as early warning indicators, professional reporting mechanisms and integrity tests. Key concepts analysed in the book include corruption, noble cause corruption and collective moral responsibility. The key ethical issues analysed include investigative independence, professional reporting, covert operations and integrity tests.

Preventing Terrorism And Controlling Risk

Author: Susan Donkin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461487056
Size: 34.72 MB
Format: PDF
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​This Brief takes a provocative look at existing socio-legal literature with a comparative study of terrorism control orders, focusing on how the concept of pre-emption fits within a traditional criminological framework. This timely work examines how such measures might be conceived and interpreted within a situational crime prevention approach. Over the past decade, socio-legal scholars have identified a rise in pre-emptive control mechanisms to respond to terrorism and other threats in the post-9/11 world. Many have argued that this pre-emptive rationale has been used to justify the introduction of measures that transcend established legal and risk frameworks, to deal with individuals or groups thought to pose a threat to the state or its citizens. ​Preventing Terrorism and Controlling Risk: A Comparative Analysis of Control Orders in the UK and Australia will be of interest to researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice, particularly with a focus on terrorism, risk assessment, and human rights.​

Understanding Lone Wolf Terrorism

Author: Ramon Spaaij
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400729812
Size: 60.54 MB
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What drives the lone wolf terrorist to commit mass violence? What are their ideologies and motivations? How do they plan and carry out their attacks, and who do they target? How can lone wolf terrorism be effectively countered? One of the first in-depth analyses of lone wolf terrorism, this publication sets out to answer these questions. Drawing on extensive international data and qualitative case studies, it examines the global patterns in and key features of lone wolf terrorism over the past four decades. This engaging text will be essential reading for students and researchers on terrorism and violent conflict and offers unique and invaluable insights to those working to prevent or minimize the effects of terrorism and political violence.

The Company Legal Department

Author: Walter Kolvenbach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401744858
Size: 58.50 MB
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This study attempts to describe the role of the company law department within the company, its relation to company management and the employees who use the services of the company lawyers. It, furthermore, tries to explain that the legal advice is only one part of the operation of a legal department in a business enterprise. Other important aspects are the legal costs, organiza tional questions and coordination problems within the department as well as the relationship of the company legal department with the other departments in the enterprise and, last but not least, the relationship between house counsel and outside counsel. The increasing volume of legislation and regulations in all industrialized -countries resulted in an increase in the number of company legal departments and company lawyers. All large companies now have their own company legal department. Therefore, it seems appropriate to attempt to describe some aspects relating to this part of the legal profession, which is relatively new, and which has developed differently from country to country. The position of the company counsel and his relationship with the company and its em ployees, his professional background and his relationship with the Bar are important subjects which require further study.

Preventive Justice

Author: Andrew Ashworth
Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)
ISBN: 0198712529
Size: 50.62 MB
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'Preventative Justice' looks at the use of coercive preventive measures by the state, both within and beyond criminal law. Examining preventive laws, measures, and institutions in and outside the criminal law, it explores the justifications given for using coercion to protect the public from harm.

Civil Liberties And Human Rights

Author: Helen Fenwick
Publisher: Cavendish Publishing
ISBN: 1843146495
Size: 70.62 MB
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This third edition has been extensively re-written in order to consider the impact of the Human Rights Act 1998. It takes extensive account not only of the Strasbourg jurisprudence, but also of a number of key domestic decisions in the post- Human Rights Act era. Particular attention is paid to Labour legislation including the Terrorism Act 2000, the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000, the Data Protection Act 1998, the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and the Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001. This book is a detailed, thought- provoking and comprehensive text that is valuable not only for students but also for all those interested in the development of civil liberties in the Human Rights Act era.

Fighting Fraud And Corruption At The World Bank

Author: Stefano Manacorda
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319738240
Size: 68.53 MB
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This book focuses on the World Bank’s sanctions system, which is an innovative instrument of global governance implemented by the leading multilateral development bank in order to impose penalties on legal entities and individuals that are involved in Bank-financed projects. Although similar regimes have also been implemented by other regional multilateral development banks, the World Bank’s legal framework is currently the most comprehensive one. The book offers a rich and detailed analysis of the sanctions system, presenting an in-depth examination of all the phases of its procedure with a special focus on key aspects such as the criteria for assigning liability to legal entities and corporate groups, as well as the World Bank’s jurisdictional reach over non-contractors. The book also explores the compatibility between the legal framework implemented by the Bank and the rule of law, the role of precedents, and the level of due process. It highlights the fact that the sanctions system is currently characterized by a lack of legal guarantees, and that there are compelling reasons for supporting the argument that due process safeguards should be applied to it in their entirety. To that end, the book conducts a thorough analysis of specific procedural aspects such as the right to a hearing, the right to evidence disclosure, the time limit regime, the standard of proof and shift of the burden of proof, the evidential value of a party’s silence, and the consistency and predictability of the World Bank’s sentencing practice. The study is conducted on the basis of a detailed and painstaking examination of the most relevant decisions taken by the Sanctions Board, providing the first-ever commentary on the World Bank’s case law.

The Moral Dimensions Of Human Rights

Author: Carl Wellman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199826568
Size: 40.77 MB
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Many books on human rights either concentrate on human rights as fundamental moral rights with little attention to international human rights, or discount moral human rights and focus on international human rights. The Moral Dimensions of Human Rights takes a broad approach by discussing all three species of human rights - moral, international, and national -at length. At the same time, Carl Wellman pays special attention to the moral reasons that are relevant to each kind of human rights. The book has three parts. In the first, Wellman develops an original view of the nature and grounds of moral human rights based on his previous publications in the general theory of rights, especially Real Rights. The next part explains how moral human rights are relevant both to the justification and to the interpretation of human rights in international law and identifies several other relevant moral considerations. In the third part, the author argues that different kinds of moral and international human rights ought to be incorporated into national legal systems in four distinct ways-recognition in a written constitution, judicial decisions, legislation, and ratified human rights treaties.

Corruption And Anti Corruption

Author: Seumas Miller
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780130617958
Size: 69.93 MB
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Focusing on diverse examples of corruption, this book. juxtaposes ethical theory with major topics in applied ethics. Readers benefit from seeing the application of theory to contemporary moral problem of corruption, and how to avoid and resolve the problem. Extensive coverage on combating corruption offers readers constructive ways of responding to and preventing corruption in modern-day systems and enterprises. Theoretical observations; contexts and causes of corruption; what's wrong with corruption; rationalizing corruption; corporate corruption and collective moral responsibility; anti-corruption systems; corruption and punishment; the rights of suspects; conflicts of interest; and whistle blowing. For those with Business, Professional, and Applied Ethics careers.