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The Changing Academic Profession

Author: Ulrich Teichler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400761554
Size: 47.42 MB
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This book provides an overview on the major findings of a questionnaire survey of academic profession in international perspective. More than 25,000 professors and junior staff at universities and other institutions of higher education at almost 20 countries from all over the world provide information on their working situation, their views and activities. The study “The Changing Academic Profession” is the second major study of its kind, and changes of views and activities are presented through a comparison of the findings with those of the earlier study undertaken in the early 1990s. Major themes are the academics’ perception of their societal and institutional environments, the views on the major tasks of teaching, research and services, their professional preferences and actual activities, their career, their perceived influence and their overall job satisfaction. Emphasis is placed on the influence of recent changes in higher education: the internationalisation and globalisation, the increasing expectation to provide evidence of the relevance of academic work, and finally the growing power of management at higher education institutions. Overall, the academics surveyed show that worldwide discourses and trends in higher education put their mark on the academic profession, but differences by country continue to be noteworthy. Academics consider themselves to be more strongly exposed to mechanism of regulations, incentives and sanctions as well as various assessments than in the past; yet their own freedom, and responsibilities and influence shape their identity more strongly and are reflected in widespread professional satisfaction.

The Academic Profession In Europe New Tasks And New Challenges

Author: Barbara M. Kehm
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400746148
Size: 11.85 MB
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This book is the first of several with the results of a collaborative European project supported by the European Science Foundation on changes in the academic profession in Europe (EUROAC). It provides a short description of the ESF EUROHESC programme and the particular forms of international collaborative research projects which are funded under the umbrella of this programme. It then outlines the EUROAC project. This project has chosen three foci (governance, professionalisation, academic careers) to analyse changes in the work of the academic profession. The first results in the form of in-depth literature reviews constitute the content of the book. These eight literature reviews about the state of the art of existing research feature the various dimensions of the overall theme. A particular emphasis is put on factors leading to changes in the work tasks of the academic profession in Europe and how the academic profession is coping with these new challenges. Thus, the book provides a state of the art account of existing research about the following themes: main results of previous studies on the academic profession; the academic profession and their interaction with new higher education professionals; professional identities in higher education; extending work tasks: civic mission and sustainable development; academic careers in academic markets; the changing role of academics in the face of rising managerialism; the influence of quality assurance, governance, and relevance on the satisfaction of the academic profession.

Academic Inbreeding And Mobility In Higher Education

Author: Maria Yudkevich
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113746125X
Size: 80.60 MB
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Academic inbreeding - appointing one's own graduates for academic positions - is a controversial but surprisingly common practice internationally. This book is the first comparative analysis of the phenomenon - the causes, implications, and future of inbreeding.

The Palgrave International Handbook Of Higher Education Policy And Governance

Author: Jeroen Huisman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137456175
Size: 65.68 MB
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This state-of-the-art reference collection addresses the major themes, theories and key concepts related to higher education policy and governance on an international scale in one accessible volume. Mapping the field and showcasing current research and theorizations from diverse perspectives and authoritative scholars, this essential guide will assist readers in navigating the myriad concepts and themes involved in higher education policy and governance research and practice. Split into two sections, the first explores a range of policy concepts, theories and methods including governance models, policy instruments, institutionalism and organizational change, new public management and multi-level governance. The second section addresses salient themes such as institutional governance, funding, quality, employability, accountability, university rankings, widening participation, gender, inequalities, technology, student involvement and the role of higher education in society. Global in its perspective and definitive in content, this one-stop volume will be an indispensable reference resource for a wide range of academics, students and researchers in the fields of education, education policy, sociology, social and public policy, political science and for leadership.

The Work Situation Of The Academic Profession In Europe Findings Of A Survey In Twelve Countries

Author: Ulrich Teichler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400759770
Size: 44.94 MB
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This book presents the analysis of the representative survey about the academic profession in twelve European countries. Higher education in Europe has experienced a substantial change in recent years: Expansion progresses further, the expectation to deliver useful contributions of knowledge to the “knowledge society” is on the rise, and efforts to steer academic work through external forces and strong international management are more widespread than ever. Representative surveys of the academic profession in twelve European countries show how professors and junior staff at universities and other institutions of higher education view the role of higher education in society and their professional situation and how they actually shape their professional tasks. Academics differ across Europe substantially in their employment and working conditions, their views and their activities. Most of them favour the preservation of a close link between teaching and research and feel responsible for both theory and practice. Most consider efforts to enhance academic quality and social relevance as compatible. The overall satisfaction with their professional situation is rather high.

The Design Of Everyday Things

Author: Norman Don
Publisher: Vahlen
ISBN: 3800648105
Size: 28.92 MB
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Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Geschichte Der Universit T In Europa

Author: Walter Rüegg
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406369537
Size: 74.65 MB
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Dieses auf vier Bände angelegte Werk ist eine Geschichte der "Institution Universität" in Europa von ihrer Entstehung im Mittelalter bis in die heutige Zeit und zugleich eine vergleichende Geschichte der europäischen Universitäten sowie der außereuropäischen Universitäten, die nach europäischem Muster gegründet worden sind. Es wird auf Initiative der europäischen Rektorenkonferenz (CRE), der über 500 wissenschaftliche Hochschulen in 27 europäischen Staaten angehören, von einem internationalen Komitee namhafter Wissenschaftler unter dem Vorsitz von Walter Rüegg (Schweiz) herausgegeben. Absicht dieses Gemeinschaftswerkes ist es, die gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen und Aufgaben, die Merkmale geistiger und institutioneller Identität, die Strukturen, Gestaltungen und Hauptprobleme der europäischen Universitäten in ihren geschichtlichen Grundlagen und Veränderungen, aber auch in ihren regionalen Unterschieden, auf dem heutigen Forschungsstand vergleichend und zusammenfassend darzustellen.

Governance Regieren In Komplexen Regelsystemen

Author: Arthur Benz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531901710
Size: 59.56 MB
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Governance: Ein Modebegriff oder ein sinnvolles wissenschaftliches Konzept? Das Buch erläutert das Konzept in unterschiedlichen Diskussionszusammenhängen und begründet seine Relevanz.

Gemeinsamer Europ Ischer Referenzrahmen F R Sprachen Lernen Lehren Beurteilen

Author: John Trim
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783126065207
Size: 53.73 MB
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Der Referenzrahmen richtet sich an Lehrer, Fortbilder, Autoren und Curriculumplaner in der Schule und der Erwachsenenbildung. Der Gemeinsame europäische Referenzrahmen für Sprachen stellt die gemeinsamen Referenzniveaus zur Erfassung des Lernfortschritts vor, befasst sich mit der Entwicklung von Curricula und diskutiert verschiedene Prüfungsformen.