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The Aef Way Of War

Author: Mark Ethan Grotelueschen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139458949
Size: 66.20 MB
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This 2007 book provides the most comprehensive examination of American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) combat doctrine and methods ever published. It shows how AEF combat units actually fought on the Western Front in World War I. It describes how four AEF divisions (the 1st, 2nd, 26th, and 77th) planned and conducted their battles and how they adapted their doctrine, tactics, and other operational methods during the war. General John Pershing and other AEF leaders promulgated an inadequate prewar doctrine, with only minor modification, as the official doctrine of the AEF. Many early American attacks suffered from these unrealistic ideas that retained too much faith in the infantry rifleman on the modern battlefield. However, many AEF divisions adjusted their doctrine and operational methods as they fought, preparing more comprehensive attack plans, employing flexible infantry formations, and maximizing firepower to seize limited objectives.


Author: John Eisenhower
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0743216377
Size: 23.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Fought far from home, World War I was nonetheless a stirring American adventure. The achievements of the United States during that war, often underrated by military historians, were in fact remarkable, and they turned the tide of the conflict. So says John S. D. Eisenhower, one of today's most acclaimed military historians, in his sweeping history of the Great War and the men who won it: the Yanks of the American Expeditionary Force. Their men dying in droves on the stalemated Western Front, British and French generals complained that America was giving too little, too late. John Eisenhower shows why they were wrong. The European Allies wished to plug the much-needed U.S. troops into their armies in order to fill the gaps in the line. But General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing, the indomitable commander of the AEF, determined that its troops would fight together, as a whole, in a truly American army. Only this force, he argued -- not bolstered French or British units -- could convince Germany that it was hopeless to fight on. Pershing's often-criticized decision led to the beginning of the end of World War I -- and the beginning of the U.S. Army as it is known today. The United States started the war with 200,000 troops, including the National Guard as well as regulars. They were men principally trained to fight Indians and Mexicans. Just nineteen months later the Army had mobilized, trained, and equipped four million men and shipped two million of them to France. It was the greatest mobilization of military forces the New World had yet seen. For the men it was a baptism of fire. Throughout Yanks Eisenhower focuses on the small but expert cadre of officers who directed our effort: not only Pershing, but also the men who would win their lasting fame in a later war -- MacArthur, Patton, and Marshall. But the author has mined diaries, memoirs, and after-action reports to resurrect as well the doughboys in the trenches, the unknown soldiers who made every advance possible and suffered most for every defeat. He brings vividly to life those men who achieved prominence as the AEF and its allies drove the Germans back into their homeland -- the irreverent diarist Maury Maverick, Charles W. Whittlesey and his famous "lost battalion," the colorful Colonel Ulysses Grant McAlexander, and Sergeant Alvin C. York, who became an instant celebrity by singlehandedly taking 132 Germans as prisoners. From outposts in dusty, inglorious American backwaters to the final bloody drive across Europe, Yanks illuminates America's Great War as though for the first time. In the AEF, General John J. Pershing created the Army that would make ours the American age; in Yanks that Army has at last found a storyteller worthy of its deeds.

Offizier Oder Manager

Author: Jonathan Zimmerli
Publisher: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh
ISBN: 3657786082
Size: 51.98 MB
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Die Studie untersucht Mentalität und Führungskultur des amerikanischen Offizierskorps. Jonathan Zimmerli zeigt, wie der Transfer ziviler Managementmethoden in die US-Army maßgeblich die Mentalität des Offizierskorps im Zweiten Weltkrieg prägte. Anhand der Kämpfe um Monte Cassino 1943/44 und im Hürtgenwald 1944/45 kann der Autor unter anderem die enge Überwachung untergebener Kommandeure nachweisen. Die daraus resultierende Drucksituation und die latente Angst vor einer Kommandoenthebung beeinflussten massiv das taktische Vorgehen auf der Divisions- und Regimentsebene – selbst noch in Korea und Vietnam.

The American Army And The First World War

Author: David Woodward
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139991892
Size: 68.48 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This is a definitive history of the American army's role and performance during the First World War. Drawing from a rich pool of archival sources, David Woodward sheds new light on key themes such as the mobilisation of US forces, the interdependence of military diplomacy, coalition war-making, the combat effectiveness of the AEF and the leadership of its commander John J. Pershing. He shows us how, in spite of a flawed combat doctrine, logistical breakdowns and American industry's failure to provide modern weaponry, the Doughboys were nonetheless able to wage a costly battle at Meuse-Argonne and play a decisive role in ending the war. The book gives voice to the common soldier through firsthand war diaries, letters, and memoirs, allowing us to reimagine their first encounters with regimented military life, their transport across the sub-infested Atlantic to Europe, and their experiences both in and behind the trenches.

The Way Of Duty Honor Country

Author: Charles Pelot Summerall
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 081314003X
Size: 60.88 MB
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After graduating from West Point in 1892, Charles Pelot Summerall (1867--1955) launched a distinguished military career, fighting Filipino insurgents in 1899 and Boxers in China in 1900. His remarkable service included brigade, division, and corps commands in World War I; duty as chief of staff of the U.S. Army from 1926 to 1930; and presidency of the Citadel for twenty years, where he was instrumental in establishing the school's national reputation. Previously available only in the Citadel's archives, Summerall's memoir offers an eyewitness account of a formative period in U.S. Army history. Edited and annotated by Timothy K. Nenninger, the memoir documents critical moments in American military history and details Summerall's personal life, from his impoverished childhood in Florida to his retirement from the Citadel in 1953. From the perspective of both a soldier and a general, Summerall describes how the very nature of war changed irrevocably during his lifetime.


Author: Andreas Thier
Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG
ISBN: 3728136379
Size: 11.69 MB
Format: PDF
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Im Jahr 2014 waren es einhundert Jahre, seit der Erste Weltkrieg zum Ausbruch kam und tiefe Spuren in Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft, Politik und Kultur hinterließ. Bis heute steht „1914“ für ein Geschehen, das in der Vielschichtigkeit seiner Abläufe und Konsequenzen nur schwer zu erfassen ist. Dem entspricht das breite thematische Spektrum dieses Bandes. In seinen Beiträgen rücken die politischen Ursachen und weltgeschichtlichen Konsequenzen des Ersten Weltkriegs ebenso in den Blick wie die Auswirkungen der Kriegsgeschehnisse auf die Medizin, das Recht, die Theologie, die Wirtschaft und die Kultur des Politischen. Gefragt wird aber auch nach Veränderungen im Rollenverständnis der Frau und nach der Bedeutung der kriegerischen Gewalterfahrung. So entsteht ein Querschnitt der Perspektiven und Überlegungen, die in der gegenwärtigen Diskussion um den Ersten Weltkrieg wesentlich geworden sind.

Pershing And His Generals

Author: James J. Cooke
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275953638
Size: 26.61 MB
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Relates the development of the U.S. command and staff in World War I.

Hundred Days

Author: Nick Lloyd
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141968877
Size: 69.46 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Nick Lloyd's Hundred Days: The End of the Great War explores the brutal, heroic and extraordinary final days of the First World War. On the eleventh hour of the eleventh day in November 1918, the guns of the Western Front fell silent. The Armistice, which brought the Great War to an end, marked a seminal moment in modern European and World history. Yet the story of how the war ended remains little-known. In this compelling and ground-breaking new study, Nick Lloyd examines the last days of the war and asks the question: how did it end? Beginning at the heralded turning-point on the Marne in July 1918, Hundred Days traces the epic story of the next four months, which included some of the bloodiest battles of the war. Using unpublished archive material from five countries, this new account reveals how the Allies - British, French, American and Commonwealth - managed to beat the German Army, by now crippled by indiscipline and ravaged by influenza, and force her leaders to seek peace. 'This is a powerful and moving book by a rising military historian. Lloyd's depiction of the great battles of July-November provides compelling evidence of the scale of the Allies' victories and the bitter reality of German defeat' Gary Sheffield (Professor of War Studies) 'Lloyd enters the upper tier of Great War historians with this admirable account of the war's final campaign' Publishers Weekly Nick Lloyd is Senior Lecturer in Defence Studies at King's College London, based at the Joint Services Command & Staff College in Shrivenham, Oxfordshire. He specialises in British military and imperial history in the era of the Great War and is the author of two books, Loos 1915 (2006), and The Amritsar Massacre: The Untold Story of One Fateful Day (2011).

The Oxford Illustrated History Of The First World War

Author: Hew Strachan
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191640417
Size: 46.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The First World War, now a century ago, still shapes the world in which we live, and its legacy lives on, in poetry, in prose, in collective memory and political culture. By the time the war ended in 1918, millions lay dead. Three major empires lay shattered by defeat, those of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottomans. A fourth, Russia, was in the throes of a revolution that helped define the rest of the twentieth century. The Oxford History of the First World War brings together in one volume many of the most distinguished historians of the conflict, in an account that matches the scale of the events. From its causes to its consequences, from the Western Front to the Eastern, from the strategy of the politicians to the tactics of the generals, they chart the course of the war and assess its profound political and human consequences. Chapters on economic mobilization, the impact on women, the role of propaganda, and the rise of socialism establish the wider context of the fighting at sea and in the air, and which ranged on land from the trenches of Flanders to the mountains of the Balkans and the deserts of the Middle East. First published for the 90th anniversary of the 1918 Armistice, this highly illustrated revised edition contains significant new material to mark the 100th anniversary of the war's outbreak.