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The American Economy 1860 1940

Author: A.J. Youngson Brown
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136598472
Size: 61.66 MB
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First Published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Routledge Handbook Of Modern Economic History

Author: Robert M. Whaples
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135121214
Size: 71.26 MB
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The Routledge Handbook of Modern Economic History aims to introduce readers to important approaches and findings of economic historians who study the modern world. Its short chapters reflect the most up-to-date research and are written by well-known economic historians who are authorities on their subjects. Modern economic history blends two approaches – Cliometrics (which focuses on measuring economic variables and explicitly testing theories about the historical performance and development of the economy) and the New Institutional Economics (which focuses on how social, cultural, legal and organizational norms and rules shape economic outcomes and their evolution). Part 1 of the Handbook introduces these approaches and other important methodological issues for economic history. The most fundamental shift in the economic history of the world began about two and a half centuries ago when eons of slow economic change and faltering economic growth gave way to sustained, rapid economic expansion. Part 2 examines this theme and the primary forces economic historians have linked to economic growth, stagnation and fluctuations – including technological change, entrepreneurship, competition, the biological environment, war, financial panics and business cycles. Part 3 examines the evolution of broad sectors that typify a modern economy including agriculture, banking, transportation, health care, housing, and entertainment. It begins by examining an equally important "sector" of the economy which scholars have increasingly analyzed using economic tools – religion. Part 4 focuses on the work force and human outcomes including inequality, labor markets, unions, education, immigration, slavery, urbanization, and the evolving economic roles of women and African-Americans. The text will be of great value to those taking economic history courses as well as a reference book useful to professional practitioners, policy makers and the public.

Von Windhuk Nach Auschwitz

Author: Jürgen Zimmerer
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3825890554
Size: 77.52 MB
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"Vierzig Jahre vor dem 'Vernichtungskrieg im Osten' und dem Holocaust verübten deutsche Kolonialtruppen in Deutsch-Südwestafrika den ersten Genozid des 20. Jahrhunderts. 'Von Windhuk nach Auschwitz?' fragt nach dem Verhältnis von Kolonialismus und Nationalsozialismus und nimmt Genozid, 'Rassenstaat' und Zwangsarbeitsregime als Ausgangspunkt einer vergleichenden Betrachtung. Der Band ist ein unverzichtbares Dokument einer Debatte um eine postkoloniale Erweiterung der deutschen Geschichte, wie sie innerhalb der deutschen wie der internationalen Geschichtswissenschaft intensiv geführt wird, und erlaubt einen frischen Blick sowohl auf die Geschichte des Kolonialismus wie des 'Dritten Reiches.'"--Cover.

Routledge Handbook Of Diplomacy And Statecraft

Author: B.J.C. McKercher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113666436X
Size: 16.78 MB
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Despite post-Cold War arguments about their demise, ‘Great Powers’ not only continue to thrive, with lesser Powers they form the basis of the constellation of global politics. This topical new Handbook illustrates how and why the new international order has evolved – and is still evolving – since the end of the Cold War, through the application of diplomacy and statecraft. Including cutting edge contributions from over 40 scholars, the handbook is structured around seven sections: Context of Diplomacy Great Powers Middle Powers Developing Powers International Organisations and Military Alliances International Economy Issues of Conflict and Co-operation Through analysis of a wide range of case studies, the Handbook assesses the diplomacy and statecraft of individual powers, offering insights into how they function, their individual perception of national interests and the roles they play in modern statecraft. The contributors also seek to evaluate the organizations and contemporary issues that continue to influence the shaping of the new international order. A comprehensive survey of diplomacy across the world, this work will be essential reading for scholars and professionals alike.

The Gold Standard At The Turn Of The Twentieth Century

Author: Steven Bryan
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231526334
Size: 75.85 MB
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By the end of the nineteenth century, the world was ready to adopt the gold standard out of concerns of national power, prestige, and anti-English competition. Yet although the gold standard allowed countries to enact a virtual single world currency, the years before World War I were not a time of unfettered liberal economics and one-world, one-market harmony. Outside of Europe, the gold standard became a tool for nationalists and protectionists primarily interested in growing domestic industry and imperial expansion. This overlooked trend, provocatively reassessed in Steven Bryan's well-documented history, contradicts our conception of the gold standard as a British-based system infused with English ideas, interests, and institutions. In countries like Japan and Argentina, where nationalist concerns focused on infant-industry protection and the growth of military power, the gold standard enabled the expansion of trade and the goals of the age: industry and empire. Bryan argues that these countries looked less to Britain and more to North America and the rest of Europe for ideological models. Not only does this history challenge our idealistic notions of the prewar period, but it also reorients our understanding of the history that followed. Policymakers of the 1920s latched onto the idea that global prosperity before World War I was the result of a system dominated by English liberalism. Their attempt to reproduce this triumph helped bring about the global downturn, the Great Depression, and the collapse of the interwar world.