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The Atmosphere And Ocean

Author: Neil C. Wells
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119979846
Size: 50.11 MB
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The Atmosphere and Ocean is a fully revised and updated student friendly physical introduction to the atmosphere and ocean. Now in its Third Edition, the book continues to provide students with an accessible description of the atmosphere and ocean with emphasis on their physical properties and inter-dependence. Clearly structured throughout, the book demonstrates that the atmosphere and ocean are both subject to the influence of the earth's rotation and therefore they have a common dynamical basis. The author clearly demonstrates the fundamental differences between the two environments and provides the reader with a much better understanding of the atmosphere and the ocean and an appreciation of their closest interactive relationship. There have been many developments in the field over the past ten years and this latest edition of a highly successful textbook brings together new material on the ocean-atmosphere system and climate, the observed circulation of the atmosphere and ocean and radiation in the atmosphere and ocean. Fully revised and updated 3rd Edition of student friendly physical introduction to the atmosphere and ocean. Now includes new chapters on observed circulation of the atmosphere and ocean, energy flows in the ocean atmosphere system, modeling the ocean and atmosphere, the ocean atmosphere system and climate. Well structured and written in an authoritative yet accessible style suitable for 2nd and 3rd year students taking courses in meteorology, oceanography and related Earth Sciences or as an introduction for graduate students. Emphasis placed on physical properties and inter-dependence of the ocean and climate. Part of the RMetS (Royal Meteorological Society) book series, Advancing Weather and Climate Science

Atmosphere Weather And Climate

Author: Roger Graham Barry
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0415465699
Size: 35.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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From clear explanations of basic physical and chemical principles of the atmosphere to descriptions of regional climates and their changes, this popular text presents a comprehensive coverage of global climatology.

Atmosphere Weather And Climate Roger G Barry And Richard J Chorley 8th Edition 2003

Author: Routledge Publishing
Publisher: Bukupedia
ISBN: 0203428234
Size: 35.88 MB
Format: PDF
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When the first edition of this book appeared in 1968, it was greeted as being ‘remarkably up to date’ (Meteorological Magazine). Since that time, several new editions have extended and sharpened its description and analysis of atmospheric processes and global climates. Indeed, succeeding prefaces provide a virtual commentary on recent advances in meteorology and climatology of relevance to students in these fields and to scholars in related disciplines. This revised and expanded eighth edition of Atmosphere, Weather and Climate will prove invaluable to all those studying the earth’s atmosphere and world climate, whether from environmental, atmospheric and earth sciences, geography, ecology, agriculture, hydrology or related disciplinary perspectives. Atmosphere, Weather and Climate provides a comprehensive introduction to weather processes and climatic conditions. Since the last edition in 1998, we have added an introductory overview of the historical development of the field and its major components. Following this there is an extended treatment of atmospheric composition and energy, stressing the heat budget of the earth and the causes of the greenhouse effect. Then we turn to the manifestations and circulation of atmospheric moisture, including atmospheric stability and precipitation patterns in space and time. A consideration of atmospheric and oceanic motion on small to large scales leads on to a new chapter on modelling of the atmospheric circulation and climate, that also presents weather forecasting on different time scales. This was prepared by my colleague Dr Tom Chase of CIRES and Geography at the University of Colorado, Boulder. This is followed by a discussion of the structure of air masses, the development of frontal and non-frontal cyclones and of mesoscale convective systems in mid-latitudes. The treatment of weather and climate in temperate latitudes begins with studies of Europe and America, extending to the conditions of their subtropical and high-latitude margins and includes the Mediterranean, Australasia, North Africa, the southern westerlies, and the sub-arctic and polar regions. Tropical weather and climate are also described through an analysis of the climatic mechanisms of monsoon Asia, Africa, Australia and Amazonia, together with the tropical margins of Africa and Australia and the effects of ocean movement and the El Niño–Southern Oscillation and teleconnections. Small-scale climates – including urban climates – are considered from the perspective of energy budgets. The final chapter stresses the structure and operation of the atmosphere–earth–ocean system and the causes of its climate changes. Since the previous edition appeared in 1998, the pace of research on the climate system and attention to global climate change has accelerated. A discussion of the various modelling strategies adopted for the prediction of climate change is undertaken, relating in particular to the IPCC 1990 to 2000 models. A consideration of other environmental impacts of climate change is also included. The new information age and wide use of the World Wide Web has led to significant changes in presentation. Apart from the two new chapters 1 and 8, new features include: learning points and discussion topics for each chapter, and boxes presenting a special topic or a summary of pivotal advances in twentieth-century meteorology and climatology. Throughout the book, some eighty new or redrawn figures, revised tables 1

A National Strategy For Advancing Climate Modeling

Author: Committee on a National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309259770
Size: 46.83 MB
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As climate change has pushed climate patterns outside of historic norms, the need for detailed projections is growing across all sectors, including agriculture, insurance, and emergency preparedness planning. A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling emphasizes the needs for climate models to evolve substantially in order to deliver climate projections at the scale and level of detail desired by decision makers, this report finds. Despite much recent progress in developing reliable climate models, there are still efficiencies to be gained across the large and diverse U.S. climate modeling community. Evolving to a more unified climate modeling enterprise-in particular by developing a common software infrastructure shared by all climate researchers and holding an annual climate modeling forum-could help speed progress. Throughout this report, several recommendations and guidelines are outlined to accelerate progress in climate modeling. The U.S. supports several climate models, each conceptually similar but with components assembled with slightly different software and data output standards. If all U.S. climate models employed a single software system, it could simplify testing and migration to new computing hardware, and allow scientists to compare and interchange climate model components, such as land surface or ocean models. A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling recommends an annual U.S. climate modeling forum be held to help bring the nation's diverse modeling communities together with the users of climate data. This would provide climate model data users with an opportunity to learn more about the strengths and limitations of models and provide input to modelers on their needs and provide a venue for discussions of priorities for the national modeling enterprise, and bring disparate climate science communities together to design common modeling experiments. In addition, A National Strategy for Advancing Climate Modeling explains that U.S. climate modelers will need to address an expanding breadth of scientific problems while striving to make predictions and projections more accurate. Progress toward this goal can be made through a combination of increasing model resolution, advances in observations, improved model physics, and more complete representations of the Earth system. To address the computing needs of the climate modeling community, the report suggests a two-pronged approach that involves the continued use and upgrading of existing climate-dedicated computing resources at modeling centers, together with research on how to effectively exploit the more complex computer hardware systems expected over the next 10 to 20 years.

Global Physical Climatology

Author: Dennis L. Hartmann
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080571638
Size: 29.47 MB
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Global Physical Climatology is an introductory text devoted to the fundamental physical principles and problems of climate sensitivity and change. Addressing some of the most critical issues in climatology, this text features incisive coverage of topics that are central to understanding orbital parameter theory for past climate changes, and for anthropogenic and natural causes of near-future changes-- Key Features * Covers the physics of climate change * Examines the nature of the current climate and its previous changes * Explores the sensitivity of climate and the mechanisms by which humans are likely to produce near-future climate changes * Provides instructive end-of-chapter exercises and appendices

Meteorology Today

Author: C. Donald Ahrens
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1305480627
Size: 26.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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METEOROLOGY TODAY, 11th Edition combines market-leading content in weather, climate, and earth science with the interactive learning experience you expect from Cengage Learning. Grounded in the scientific method, this student-friendly and highly visual text shows you how to observe, calculate, and synthesize information as a budding scientist, systematically analyzing meteorological concepts and issues. Specific discussions center on severe weather systems, such as tornadoes, thunderstorms, and hurricanes, as well as everyday elements, such as wind, precipitation, condensation, masses and fronts, and the seasons. Events and issues dominating today's news cycles also receive thorough attention, and include analysis of Superstorm Sandy, the Oklahoma tornadoes, and recent findings from the US National Climate Assessment and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. METEOROLOGY TODAY, 11th Edition is a dynamic learning tool packed with self-testing features such as end-of-chapter summaries, key terms, review questions, exercises and problems, live animations, web links, and more. Whether you choose a bound book or interactive eBook, METEOROLOGY TODAY, 11th Edition takes your learning to atmospheric heights! Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Physics Of The Atmosphere And Climate

Author: Murry L. Salby
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107049059
Size: 53.48 MB
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Murry Salby's new book provides an integrated treatment of the processes controlling the Earth-atmosphere system, developed from first principles through a balance of theory and applications. This book builds on Salby's previous book, Fundamentals of Atmospheric Physics. The scope has been expanded into climate, with the presentation streamlined for undergraduates in science, mathematics and engineering. Advanced material, suitable for graduate students and as a resource for researchers, has been retained but distinguished from the basic development. The book provides a conceptual yet quantitative understanding of the controlling influences, integrated through theory and major applications. It leads readers through a methodical development of the diverse physical processes that shape weather, global energetics and climate. End-of-chapter problems of varying difficulty develop student knowledge and its quantitative application, supported by answers and detailed solutions online for instructors.

Managing The Risks Of Extreme Events And Disasters To Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Author: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107025060
Size: 17.81 MB
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Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. This Special Report explores the social as well as physical dimensions of weather- and climate-related disasters, considering opportunities for managing risks at local to international scales. SREX was approved and accepted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on 18 November 2011 in Kampala, Uganda.

Managing The Risks Of Extreme Events And Disasters To Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Author: Christopher B. Field
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107380103
Size: 10.71 MB
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This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SREX) explores the challenge of understanding and managing the risks of climate extremes to advance climate change adaptation. Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. Changes in the frequency and severity of the physical events affect disaster risk, but so do the spatially diverse and temporally dynamic patterns of exposure and vulnerability. Some types of extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency or magnitude, but populations and assets at risk have also increased, with consequences for disaster risk. Opportunities for managing risks of weather- and climate-related disasters exist or can be developed at any scale, local to international. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, SREX is an invaluable assessment for anyone interested in climate extremes, environmental disasters and adaptation to climate change, including policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

Meteorological Measurements And Instrumentation

Author: Giles Harrison
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118745752
Size: 53.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book describes the fundamental scientific principles underlying high quality instrumentation used for environmental measurements. It discusses a wide range of in situ sensors employed in practical environmental monitoring and, in particular, those used in surface based measurement systems. It also considers the use of weather balloons to provide a wealth of upper atmosphere data. To illustrate the technologies in use it includes many examples of real atmospheric measurements in typical and unusual circumstances, with a discussion of the electronic signal conditioning, data acquisition considerations and data processing principles necessary for reliable measurements. This also allows the long history of atmospheric measurements to be placed in the context of the requirements of modern climate science, by building the physical science appreciation of the instrumental record and looking forward to new and emerging sensor and recording technologies.