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The Atomic Chef

Author: Steven Michael Casey
Publisher: Aegean
ISBN: 9780963617866
Size: 29.38 MB
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i Prologue 1 The Atomic Chef The disturbing story behind one of historys worst nuclear criticality accidents.2 The Embryo Imbroglio A deviation in procedure at a Manhattan fertility clinic results in a big surprise for two patients.3 Signal Detection How airline security officials in Paris classified and misclassified shoe bomber Richard Reid.4 Out of Synch The Canadians cry foul at the Barcelona Olympics when an American wins the gold, but the problem lies with the user interface of the judges keypad.5 Death on Call A US Special Forces team in Afghanistan mistakenly targets a precision-guided bomb on their own position.6 Picture Window Astronauts race to locate the source of a threatening air leak aboard the International Space Station.7 Event Horizon A harmless MRI scan at a New York hospital turns to tragedy for a young patient when good intentions interact with an invisible force.8 Freeway Driver Artist Richard Ankrom takes matters into his own hands to enhance a confusing freeway sign.9 Caught on Tape The nightmare flight of AeroPeru 603 off the coast of South America, and its surprising cause.10 911, More or Less A chain of errors in an emergency dispatch center has tragic consequences for a Los Angeles family.11 ATM Its Thanksgiving evening, and one unfortunate bank customer in New Jersey contemplates spending the holiday locked inside an automatic teller booth.12 Under the Radar Maintenance errors and low load estimates bring down a commercial airliner.13 Safer than Safe How early batches of Salk polio vaccine actually spread the dreaded disease rather than prevent it.14 Rhymes and Reasons The ergonomics involved in musician John Denvers final flight.15 A Kid in a Car A toddler in Kansas is strangled by an electric-powered vehicle window of a particular design.16 The Perilous Plunge This amusement park ride is much too perilous for one unfortunate customer.17 Titanics Wake Two Chicago dockworkers witness a maritime calamity of unthinkable consequence.18 Driven to Distraction A French motorist discovers yet another form of driver distraction.19 Negative Transfer NASA test pilot Milt Thompson faces certain death unless he can quickly determine why his experimental aircraft is wobbling out of control.20 End Game Greek shipping magnate Pandelis Sfinias contemplates his own fate and the causes of the sinking of the Express Samina ferry.

Forensic Human Factors And Ergonomics

Author: Michael S. Wogalter
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429869150
Size: 48.81 MB
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This book has 18 case study chapters investigating various injury scenarios through the use of a Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE) analysis. Each injury scenario derives from one or more similar lawsuits (but names, places and some of the details are fictionalized). The scenarios describe a ‘slice of life’ of people interacting with products, equipment, tasks, and environments before they are seriously hurt. The forensic analyses that follows each scenario gives a background of prior similar events and systematically examines potential causes leading up the injury event, with emphasis on the person-machine interface, human error, hazard analysis, hazard control and a model of communication-human information processing (C-HIP). Chapter authors are highly experienced expert witnesses in HFE. The methods used are general techniques that can be applied to other injury scenarios, but would be better if employed earlier in a product’s life cycle to prevent or limit injury. The last chapter offers some broad take-away points that cut across several of the case studies.

Introduction To Human Factors

Author: Nancy J. Stone
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 149878383X
Size: 50.61 MB
Format: PDF
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This is a comprehensive, but accessible text that introduces students to the fields of human factors and ergonomics. The book is intended for undergraduate students, written from the psychological science perspective along with various pedagogical components that will enhance student comprehension and learning. This book is ideal for those introductory courses that wish to introduce students to the multifaceted areas of human factors and ergonomics along with practical knowledge the students can apply in their own lives.

Human Factors In Practice

Author: Haydee M. Cuevas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1317120213
Size: 50.89 MB
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Human Factors in Practice: Concepts and Applications is written for the practitioner who wishes to learn about human factors (HF) but is more interested in application (applied research) than theory (basic research). Each chapter discusses the application of important human factors theories, principles and concepts, presented at a level that can be easily understood by layman readers with no prior knowledge or formal education in human factors. The book illustrates to the non-HF practitioner the many varied domains in which human factors has been applied as well as serving to showcase current research in these areas. All chapters address the common overarching theme of applying human factors theories, principles and concepts to address real-world problems, and follow a similar structure to ensure consistency across chapters. Standard sections within each chapter include a discussion of the scientific underpinnings, a description of relevant HF methods and guidance on sources of further information, case studies to illustrate application, and a summary of likely future trends. Each chapter concludes with a short list of key terms and definitions to enhance the reader’s understanding of the content. Featuring specialist contributors from a variety of disciplines and cultural backgrounds, the book represents a diverse range of perspectives on human factors and will appeal to a broad international audience. It is consciously not a classroom textbook but rather intended to be read at the workplace by non-HF practitioners, and written specifically with their needs in mind. Reading this book will give all practitioners a solid grounding in modern human factors and its application in real-world situations.

Foundations For Designing User Centered Systems

Author: Frank E. Ritter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447151348
Size: 13.51 MB
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Foundations for Designing User-Centered Systems introduces the fundamental human capabilities and characteristics that influence how people use interactive technologies. Organized into four main areas—anthropometrics, behaviour, cognition and social factors—it covers basic research and considers the practical implications of that research on system design. Applying what you learn from this book will help you to design interactive systems that are more usable, more useful and more effective. The authors have deliberately developed Foundations for Designing User-Centered Systems to appeal to system designers and developers, as well as to students who are taking courses in system design and HCI. The book reflects the authors’ backgrounds in computer science, cognitive science, psychology and human factors. The material in the book is based on their collective experience which adds up to almost 90 years of working in academia and both with, and within, industry; covering domains that include aviation, consumer Internet, defense, eCommerce, enterprise system design, health care, and industrial process control.

Transports Of Delight

Author: Peter Hancock
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319552481
Size: 51.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This inspiring book shows how the spiritual side of life, with its thoughts, feelings, and aspirations, is intimately bound up with our material technologies. From the wonder of Gothic Cathedrals, to the quiet majesty of lighter than air flight, to the ultimate in luxury of the north Atlantic steamers, Peter Hancock explores how these sequential heights of technology have enabled our dreams of being transported to new and uncharted realms to become reality. Sometimes literally, sometimes figuratively, technology has always been there to make material the visions of our imagination. This book shows how this has essentially been true for all technologies from Stonehenge to space station.But technology is far from perfect. Indeed, the author argues here that some of the most public and tragic of its failures still remain instructive, emblematic, and even inspiring. He reports on examples such as a Cathedral of the Earth (Beauvais), a Cathedral of the Seas (Titanic), and a Cathedral of the Air (Hindenburg) and tells their stories from the viewpoint of material transcendence. By interweaving their stories he reveals how technologies can succeed in elevating human beings and, in taking them to whole new realms of being, he explores and explains why these experiences are ‘Transports of Delight.’

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Size: 47.68 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Leben 3 0

Author: Max Tegmark
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
ISBN: 3843716706
Size: 29.94 MB
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Die Nobelpreis-Schmiede Massachusetts Institute of Technology ist der bedeutendste technologische Think Tank der USA. Dort arbeitet Professor Max Tegmark mit den weltweit führenden Entwicklern künstlicher Intelligenz zusammen, die ihm exklusive Einblicke in ihre Labors gewähren. Die Erkenntnisse, die er daraus zieht, sind atemberaubend und zutiefst verstörend zugleich. Neigt sich die Ära der Menschen dem Ende zu? Der Physikprofessor Max Tegmark zeigt anhand der neusten Forschung, was die Menschheit erwartet. Hier eine Auswahl möglicher Szenarien: - Eroberer: Künstliche Intelligenz übernimmt die Macht und entledigt sich der Menschheit mit Methoden, die wir noch nicht einmal verstehen. - Der versklavte Gott: Die Menschen bemächtigen sich einer superintelligenten künstlichen Intelligenz und nutzen sie, um Hochtechnologien herzustellen. - Umkehr: Der technologische Fortschritt wird radikal unterbunden und wir kehren zu einer prä-technologischen Gesellschaft im Stil der Amish zurück. - Selbstzerstörung: Superintelligenz wird nicht erreicht, weil sich die Menschheit vorher nuklear oder anders selbst vernichtet. - Egalitäres Utopia: Es gibt weder Superintelligenz noch Besitz, Menschen und kybernetische Organismen existieren friedlich nebeneinander. Max Tegmark bietet kluge und fundierte Zukunftsszenarien basierend auf seinen exklusiven Einblicken in die aktuelle Forschung zur künstlichen Intelligenz.

Zero To One

Author: Peter Thiel
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593501600
Size: 53.55 MB
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Wir leben in einer technologischen Sackgasse. Zwar suggeriert die Globalisierung technischen Fortschritt, doch das vermeintlich Neue, sind vor allem Kopien des Bestehenden. Peter Thiel, Silicon-Valley-Insider und in der Wirtschaftscommunity bestens bekannter Innovationstreiber ist überzeugt: Globalisierung ist kein Fortschritt, Konkurrenz ist schädlich und nur Monopole sind nachhaltig erfolgreich. Er zeigt: Wahre Innovation entsteht nicht horizontal, sondern sprunghaft - from Zero to One. Um die Zukunft zu erobern, reicht es nicht, der Beste zu sein. Gründer müssen aus dem Wettkampf des Immergleichen heraustreten und völlig neue Märkte erobern. Wie man wirklich Neues erfindet, enthüllt seine beeindruckende Anleitung zum visionären Querdenken. Ein Appell für einen Startup der ganzen Gesellschaft.

Inaction Inertia

Author: Maike Unger
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640435583
Size: 39.29 MB
Format: PDF
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Essay aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Psychologie - Persönlichkeitspsychologie, Note: 1,0, Universität Konstanz, Veranstaltung: Experimental Methods in Social Psychology, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Table of Contents 2 1. Introduction 3 2. Methods of the experiment 3 2.1 Participants and design 3 2.2 Procedure and measures 4 3. Results of the experiment 4 4. Flaws of the Experiment 5 5. Conclusion 6 References 6