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The Atomic Chef

Author: Steven Michael Casey
Publisher: Aegean
ISBN: 9780963617866
Size: 24.39 MB
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i Prologue 1 The Atomic Chef The disturbing story behind one of historys worst nuclear criticality accidents.2 The Embryo Imbroglio A deviation in procedure at a Manhattan fertility clinic results in a big surprise for two patients.3 Signal Detection How airline security officials in Paris classified and misclassified shoe bomber Richard Reid.4 Out of Synch The Canadians cry foul at the Barcelona Olympics when an American wins the gold, but the problem lies with the user interface of the judges keypad.5 Death on Call A US Special Forces team in Afghanistan mistakenly targets a precision-guided bomb on their own position.6 Picture Window Astronauts race to locate the source of a threatening air leak aboard the International Space Station.7 Event Horizon A harmless MRI scan at a New York hospital turns to tragedy for a young patient when good intentions interact with an invisible force.8 Freeway Driver Artist Richard Ankrom takes matters into his own hands to enhance a confusing freeway sign.9 Caught on Tape The nightmare flight of AeroPeru 603 off the coast of South America, and its surprising cause.10 911, More or Less A chain of errors in an emergency dispatch center has tragic consequences for a Los Angeles family.11 ATM Its Thanksgiving evening, and one unfortunate bank customer in New Jersey contemplates spending the holiday locked inside an automatic teller booth.12 Under the Radar Maintenance errors and low load estimates bring down a commercial airliner.13 Safer than Safe How early batches of Salk polio vaccine actually spread the dreaded disease rather than prevent it.14 Rhymes and Reasons The ergonomics involved in musician John Denvers final flight.15 A Kid in a Car A toddler in Kansas is strangled by an electric-powered vehicle window of a particular design.16 The Perilous Plunge This amusement park ride is much too perilous for one unfortunate customer.17 Titanics Wake Two Chicago dockworkers witness a maritime calamity of unthinkable consequence.18 Driven to Distraction A French motorist discovers yet another form of driver distraction.19 Negative Transfer NASA test pilot Milt Thompson faces certain death unless he can quickly determine why his experimental aircraft is wobbling out of control.20 End Game Greek shipping magnate Pandelis Sfinias contemplates his own fate and the causes of the sinking of the Express Samina ferry.

An Introduction To Human Factors Engineering

Author: Christopher D. Wickens
ISBN: 9781292022314
Size: 77.19 MB
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For undergraduate courses in Human-Factors Engineering, Human-Computer Interaction, Engineering Psychology, or Human-Factors Psychology. Offering a somewhat more psychological perspective than other human factors books on the market, this text describes the capabilities and limitations of the human operator-both physical and mental-and how these should be used to guide the design of systems with which people interact. General principles of human-system interaction and design are presented, and included are specific examples of successful and unsuccessful interactions. It links theories of human performance that underlie the principles with real-world experience, without a heavy engineering-oriented perspective.

Stories Of Modern Technology Failures And Cognitive Engineering Successes

Author: Nancy J. Cooke
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781410618481
Size: 38.80 MB
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A woman is operated on while she's awake... A plane runs out of gas while circling an airport for 30 minutes... A passenger liner is mistaken for an enemy fighter and shot down... A company invests in a new system that will cost them money... What do these failure have in common? How can we prevent them from happening again? Offering a critical perspective on problems with human-technical systems, Stories of Modern Technology Failures and Cognitive Engineering Successes explores the significant efforts of those who have made a positive difference. The book analyzes a variety of cognitive engineering applications, including training, design, military, transportation, communications, medicine, and emergency response in the nuclear industry. Real world examples include— Designing a military training program that improved the detection rates of land mines Redesigning a monitor to help anesthesiologists predict dosages more effectively Implementing new protocols to improve the workflow and safety of a nuclear power plant The book’s focus on cognitive engineering solutions emphasizes methodology such as knowledge elicitation, laboratory studies, naturalistic observation, usability, and modeling. It addresses highly complex systems as well as traditional human-machine interfaces. This book demonstrates how cognitive engineers— Identify and address cognitive problems Develop, test, and implement solutions Consider social, cultural, political, and economic factors Develop criteria to measure the success of a solution

Human Factors In Simple And Complex Systems Third Edition

Author: Robert W. Proctor
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482229595
Size: 12.26 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Recently, there have been a number of advances in technology, including in mobile devices, globalization of companies, display technologies and healthcare, all of which require significant input and evaluation from human factors specialists. Accordingly, this textbook has been completely updated, with some chapters folded into other chapters and new chapters added where needed. The text continues to fill the need for a textbook that bridges the gap between the conceptual and empirical foundations of the field.

Why Darwin Matters

Author: Michael Shermer
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9781429900904
Size: 79.58 MB
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A creationist-turned-scientist demonstrates the facts of evolution and exposes Intelligent Design's real agenda Science is on the defensive. Half of Americans reject the theory of evolution and "Intelligent Design" campaigns are gaining ground. Classroom by classroom, creationism is overthrowing biology. In Why Darwin Matters, bestselling author Michael Shermer explains how the newest brand of creationism appeals to our predisposition to look for a designer behind life's complexity. Shermer decodes the scientific evidence to show that evolution is not "just a theory" and illustrates how it achieves the design of life through the bottom-up process of natural selection. Shermer, once an evangelical Christian and a creationist, argues that Intelligent Design proponents are invoking a combination of bad science, political antipathy, and flawed theology. He refutes their pseudoscientific arguments and then demonstrates why conservatives and people of faith can and should embrace evolution. He then appraises the evolutionary questions that truly need to be settled, building a powerful argument for science itself. Cutting the politics away from the facts, Why Darwin Matters is an incisive examination of what is at stake in the debate over evolution.

Engineering Psychology And Human Performance

Author: Christopher D. Wickens
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317351312
Size: 64.99 MB
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Forming connections between human performance and design Engineering Psychology and Human Performance, 4e examines human-machine interaction. The book is organized directly from the psychological perspective of human information processing. The chapters generally correspond to the flow of information as it is processed by a human being--from the senses, through the brain, to action--rather than from the perspective of system components or engineering design concepts. This book is ideal for a psychology student, engineering student, or actual practitioner in engineering psychology, human performance, and human factors Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers should be able to: * Identify how human ability contributes to the design of technology. * Understand the connections within human information processing and human performance. * Challenge the way they think about technology's influence on human performance. * show how theoretical advances have been, or might be, applied to improving human-machine interaction

Mind Machine And Morality

Author: Peter A. Hancock
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351917455
Size: 18.11 MB
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Technology is our conduit of power. In our modern world, technology is the gatekeeper deciding who shall have and who shall have not. Either technology works for you or you work for technology. It shapes the human race just as much as we shape it. But where is this symbiosis going? Who provides the directions, the intentions, the goals of this human-machine partnership? Such decisions do not derive from the creators of technology who are enmeshed in their individual innovations. They neither come from our social leaders who possess only sufficient technical understanding to react to innovations, not to anticipate or direct their progress. Neither is there evidence of some omnipotent 'invisible hand,' the simple fact is that no one is directing this enterprise. In Mind, Machine and Morality, Peter Hancock asks questions about this insensate progress and has the temerity to suggest some cognate answers. He argues for the unbreakable symbiosis of purpose and process, and examines the dangerous possibilities that emerge when science and purpose meet. Historically, this work is a modern-day child of Bacon's hope for the 'Great Instauration.' However, unlike its forebear, the focus here is on human-machine systems. The emphasis centers on the conception that the active, extensive face of modern philosophy is technology. Whatever we are to become is bound up not only in our biology but critically in our technology also. And to achieve rational progress we need to articulate manifest purpose. This book is one step along the purposive road. Drawing together his many seminal writings on human-machine interaction and adapting these works specifically for this collection, Peter Hancock provides real food for thought, delighting readers with his unique philosophical perspective and outstanding insights. This is theoretical work of the highest order and will open minds accordingly.

Selling The Korean War

Author: Steven Casey
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199719174
Size: 11.65 MB
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How presidents spark and sustain support for wars remains an enduring and significant problem. Korea was the first limited war the U.S. experienced in the contemporary period - the first recent war fought for something less than total victory. In Selling the Korean War , Steven Casey explores how President Truman and then Eisenhower tried to sell it to the American public. Based on a massive array of primary sources, Casey subtly explores the government's selling activities from all angles. He looks at the halting and sometimes chaotic efforts of Harry Truman and Dean Acheson, Dwight Eisenhower and John Foster Dulles. He examines the relationships that they and their subordinates developed with a host of other institutions, from Congress and the press to Hollywood and labor. And he assesses the complex and fraught interactions between the military and war correspondents in the battlefield theater itself. From high politics to bitter media spats, Casey guides the reader through the domestic debates of this messy, costly war. He highlights the actions and calculations of colorful figures, including Senators Robert Taft and JHoseph McCarthy, and General Douglas MacArthur. He details how the culture and work routines of Congress and the media influenced political tactics and daily news stories. And he explores how different phases of the war threw up different problems - from the initial disasters in the summer of 1950 to the giddy prospects of victory in October 1950, from the massive defeats in the wake of China's massive intervention to the lengthy period of stalemate fighting in 1952 and 1953.

Decisions With Multiple Objectives

Author: Ralph L. Keeney
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521438834
Size: 23.86 MB
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This book describes how a confused decision maker, who wishes to make a reasonable and responsible choice among alternatives, can systematically probe their thoughts and feelings in order to make the critically important trade-offs between incommensurable objectives.