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The Basis Of Morality

Author: Arthur Schopenhauer
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 048614593X
Size: 42.93 MB
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Persuasive and humane, this classic offers Schopenhauer's fullest examination of ethical themes. A defiance of Kant's ethics of duty, it proclaims compassion as the basis of morality.


Author: J.L. Mackie
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141960094
Size: 49.82 MB
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An insight into moral skepticism of the 20th century. The author argues that our every-day moral codes are an 'error theory' based on the presumption of moral facts which, he persuasively argues, don't exist. His refutation of such facts is based on their metaphysical 'queerness' and the observation of cultural relativity.

Morality Without Foundations

Author: Mark Timmons
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195176545
Size: 78.69 MB
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Morality Without Foundations investigates fundamental metaethical questions about the meaning, truth, and justification of moral thought and discourse. Mark Timmons maintains that all versions of descriptivism in ethics, particularly certain accounts of moral realism, fail. He argues instead that a correct metaethical theory should embrace some version of non-descriptivism. Timmons defends what he calls "assertoric non-descriptivism" which, unlike traditional non-descriptivist views, holds that moral sentences are typically used to make genuine assertions. In defending this view, he exploits contextual semantics, providing him with the semantic flexibility to develop an irrealist account of moral discourse.Timmons goes on to support a contextualist moral epistemology, completing his overall version of contextualism in ethics. Like his foundationalist rivals, Timmons recognizes that there are moral beliefs that are epistemically basic in providing a basis for the justification of non-basic moral beliefs. Yet, he agrees with the coherentist in maintaining that there are no intrinsically justified beliefs that can serve as a single foundation for a system of moral knowledge. Timmons ultimately finds that regresses of justification of moral belief end with contextually basic beliefs--moral beliefs which, in the relevant context, are responsibly held, but in other contexts might not be suitable as regress stoppers.Timmons' novel defense of morality without foundations offers provocative reading for philosophers working in the areas of ethics, epistemology, and metaphysics. Yet, written with the student in mind, his lucid presentation of difficult ideas makes this book accessible to students and newcomers to the field of metaethics.

An Introduction To The Principles Of Morals And Legislation

Author: Jeremy Bentham
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486454525
Size: 62.68 MB
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"Unabridged republication of the edition published by Oxford at the Clarendon Press, Oxford, in 1907. It in turn was a reprint of 'A new edition, corrected by the author,' published in 1823. The work originally appeared in 1780"--Title page vers

Fundamental Principles Of The Metaphysics Of Morals

Author: Immanuel Kant
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486112497
Size: 60.33 MB
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What is morally permissible, and what is morally obligatory? These questions form the core of a vast amount of philosophical reasoning. Kant proposes the answers with the Categorical Imperative, his best-known contribution to ethics.

Philosophical Classics

Author: James M. Russell
ISBN: 9781920743895
Size: 43.61 MB
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Philosophical classics offers the basics of what you need to know about sixty-six great philosophical books and covers philosophers from Aristotle to the present. From Robert M. Pirsig's Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance to Carl Jung's Memories, Dreams, Reflections, and from Kahlil Gibran's The Prophet to Descartes' Medidations, this catch-all romp through both philosophy and the philosophical offers a foundation course in in the meaning of life.

Foundations Of Moral Obligation

Author: Joseph Gerard Brennan
ISBN: 9780891415282
Size: 29.89 MB
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"Professor Joseph Brennan has a gift for bringing philosophy to life, making it a practical tool for evaluating day-to-day decisions as well as the great issues of our times. Morality and ethics have never been more necessary than in our brave, new world order of downsizing, intolerance, corruption, sexism, racism and all other "isms"." "About the Stockdale Course: Shot down over North Vietnam, U.S. Navy pilot James Stockdale spent seven and a half years as a prisoner of the communists. Although he was systematically tortured and brainwashed, Stockdale resisted his captors, led and sustained his fellow prisoners, and remained loyal to the principles he had joined the navy to defend. That incredible moral strength in adversity earned him the Medal of Honor. He found the inspiration to go on by recalling the teachings of Epictetus, an ancient Roman Stoic philosopher whom he had studied in college. After his release from captivity, Stockdale became president of the Naval War College, where he established and team-taught a course with Professor Brennan on ethics. The class was extremely popular because it made philosophy relevant to the needs of professional military men and women. Professor Brennan's lectures ultimately became the basis for this book."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved