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The Behavior Of The Honey Bee In Pollen Collection

Author: Dana Brackenridge Casteel
Publisher: Prabhat Prakashan
Size: 77.47 MB
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While working upon the problem of wax-scale manipulation during the summer of 1911 the writer became convinced that the so-called wax shears or pinchers of the worker honey bee have nothing whatever to do with the extraction of the wax scales from their pockets, but rather that they are organs used in loading the pollen from the pollen combs of the hind legs into the corbiculæ or pollen baskets (Cast eel, 1912). Further observations made at that time disclosed the exact method by which the hind legs are instrumental in the pollen-loading process and also the way in which the middle legs aid the hind legs in patting down the pollen masses. During the summer of 1912 additional information was secured, more particularly that relating to the manner in which pollen is collected upon the body and legs of the bee, how it is transferred to the hind legs, how it is moistened, and finally the method by which it is stored in the hive for future use.

The Behavior Of The Honey Bee In Pollen Collecting Classic Reprint

Author: Dana Brackenridge Casteel
Publisher: Forgotten Books
ISBN: 9781527782754
Size: 27.56 MB
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Excerpt from The Behavior of the Honey Bee in Pollen Collecting Although, as above noted, some unbranched hairs are located upon the body of the bee, they occur in greatest numbers upon the more distal segments of the appendages. They are quite diverse in form, some being extremely long and slender, such as those which curve over the pollen baskets, others being stout and stifl', as those which form the collecting brushes and the pecten spines. The mouth parts Of the bee are also essential to the proper col lection of pollen. T h e mandibles are used to scrape over the anthers Of flowers, and considerable pollen adheres to them and is later removed. The same is true of the maxillae and tongue. From the mouth comes the fluid by which the pollen grains are moistened. The legs Of the worker bee are especially adapted for pollen gath ering. Each leg bears a collecting brush, composed Of stiff, un branched hairs set closely together. These brushes are located upon the first or most proximal tarsal segment of the legs, known techni cally as the palmae of the forelegs and as the plantae of the middle and hind pair. The brush of the foreleg is elongated and of Slight width (fig. That of the middle leg broad and flat (fig. While the brush upon the planta of the hind leg is the broadest of all, and is also the most highly Specialized. In addition to these well-marked brushes, the distal ends Of the tibiae of the fore and middle legs bear many stiff hairs, which function as pollen collectors, and the distal tarsal joints Of all legs bear similar structures. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

The Buzz About Bees

Author: Jürgen Tautz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540787291
Size: 35.53 MB
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Tis book, already translated into ten languages, may at frst sight appear to be just about honeybees and their biology. It c- tains, however, a number of deeper messages related to some of the most basic and important principles of modern biology. Te bees are merely the actors that take us into the realm of phys- ology, genetics, reproduction, biophysics and learning, and that introduce us to the principles of natural selection underlying the evolution of simple to complex life forms. Te book destroys the cute notion of bees as anthropomorphic icons of busy self-sacr -i fcing individuals and presents us with the reality of the colony as an integrated and independent being—a “superorganism”—with its own, almost eerie, emergent group intelligence. We are s- prised to learn that no single bee, from queen through drone to sterile worker, has the oversight or control over the colony. - stead, through a network of integrated control systems and fee- backs, and communication between individuals, the colony - rives at consensus decisions from the bottom up through a type of “swarm intelligence”. Indeed, there are remarkable parallels between the functional organization of a swarming honeybee colony and vertebrate brains.

Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories And Applications With Aspects Of Artificial Intelligence

Author: De-Shuang Huang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540859845
Size: 61.43 MB
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The International Conference on Intelligent Computing (ICIC) was formed to p- vide an annual forum dedicated to the emerging and challenging topics in artificial intelligence, machine learning, bioinformatics, and computational biology, etc. It aims to bring together researchers and practitioners from both academia and ind- try to share ideas, problems and solutions related to the multifaceted aspects of intelligent computing. ICIC 2008, held in Shanghai, China, September 15–18, 2008, constituted the 4th International Conference on Intelligent Computing. It built upon the success of ICIC 2007, ICIC 2006 and ICIC 2005 held in Qingdao, Kunming and Hefei, China, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. This year, the conference concentrated mainly on the theories and methodologies as well as the emerging applications of intelligent computing. Its aim was to unify the picture of contemporary intelligent computing techniques as an integral concept that highlights the trends in advanced computational intelligence and bridges theoretical research with applications. Therefore, the theme for this conference was “Emerging Intelligent Computing Technology and Applications”. Papers focusing on this theme were solicited, addressing theories, methodologies, and applications in science and technology.

The Bees Of The World

Author: Charles Duncan Michener
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801861338
Size: 25.73 MB
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Written by the world's leading authority on bees, this reference is the first and only comprehensive, worldwide treatment of all groups of bees, and includes more than 16,000 species. Michener examines the evolution of bees from wasps, the relations of the bodies of bees to one another, the evolution of bees, and the structure of immature and adult bees, and more. 433 line drawings. 88 photos, 48 in color.

The Biology Of The Honey Bee

Author: Mark L. Winston
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674074095
Size: 64.66 MB
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From ancient cave paintings of honey bee nests to modern science's richly diversified investigation of honey bee biology and its applications, the human imagination has long been captivated by the mysterious and highly sophisticated behavior of this paragon among insect societies. In the first broad treatment of honey bee biology to appear in decades, Mark Winston provides rare access to the world of this extraordinary insect. In a bright and engaging style Winston probes the dynamics of the honey bee's social organization. He recreates for us the complex infrastructure of the nest, describes the highly specialized behavior of workers, queens, and drones, and examines in detail the remarkable ability of the honey bee colony to regulate its functions according to events within and outside the nest. Winston integrates into his discussion the results of recent studies, bringing into sharp focus topics of current bee research. These include the exquisite architecture of the nest and its relation to bee physiology; the intricate division of labor and the relevance of a temporal caste structure to efficient functioning of the colony; and, finally, the life-death struggles of swarming, supersedure, and mating that mark the reproductive cycle of the honey bee. The Biology of the Honey Bee not only reviews the basic aspects of social behavior, ecology, anatomy, physiology, and genetics, it also summarizes major controversies in contemporary honey bee research, such as the importance of kin recognition in the evolution of social behavior and the role of the well-known dance language in honey bee communication. Thorough, well-illustrated, and lucidly written, this book will for many years be a valuable resource for scholars, students, and beekeepers alike.