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The Chemical Weapons Convention

Author: Walter Krutzsch
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191650366
Size: 53.77 MB
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This book provides an article-by-article commentary on the text of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and its Annexes, one of the cornerstone disarmament and arms control agreements. It requires the verified elimination of an entire category of weapons of mass destruction and their means of production by all its States Parties within established time lines, and that prohibits any activities to develop or otherwise acquire such weapons. Cross-cutting chapters alongside the detailed commentary, by those intimately involved in the development of the Convention, assess the history of the efforts to prohibit chemical weapons, the adoption of the Convention and the work of the Preparatory Commission, the entry into force of the Convention to the Second Review Conference, and the need for a new approach for the governance of chemical weapons. Written by those involved in its creation and implementation, this book critically reviews the practices adopted in implementing the Convention, as well as the challenges ahead, and provides legal commentary on, and guidance for, its future role. It assesses how to adapt its implementation to advances in science and technology, including the discovery of new chemicals and the development of biochemical 'non-lethal' compounds that influence behaviour. It addresses the legal framework within which the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) takes decisions, both with regard to the OPCW's own regulatory framework and regarding wider international norms, accepted principles, and practices. The Commentary draws conclusions on how the prohibitions against chemical weapons can be strengthened and the stature of the OPCW protected. It highlights the involvement of industry and academia in this prohibition, creating a symbiosis between effective governance and the legal framework of the Convention. This book is an authoritative, scholarly work for anyone interested in the Chemical Weapons Convention, in international disarmament and arms control law, and in the work of international organizations, and a practical guide for individuals and institutions involved in the Convention's day-to-day implementation.

The Treaty On The Prohibition Of Nuclear Weapons

Author: Stuart Casey-Maslen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192566024
Size: 10.91 MB
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This Commentary offers detailed background and analysis of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, which was adopted at the UN Headquarters in New York in July 2017. The Treaty comprehensively prohibits the use, development, export, and possession of nuclear weapons. Stuart Casey-Maslen, a leading expert in the field who served as legal adviser to the Austrian Delegation during the negotiations of this Treaty, works through article by article, describing how each provision was negotiated and what it implies for states that join the Treaty. As the Treaty provisions cut across various branches of international law, the Commentary goes beyond a discussion of disarmament to consider the law of armed conflict, human rights, and the law on inter-state use of force. The Commentary examines the relationship with other treaties addressing nuclear weapons, in particular the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Background on the development and possession of nuclear weapons and theories of nuclear deterrence is provided. Particular attention is paid to controversial issues such as assistance for prohibited activities, the meaning of 'threaten to use', and the definition of nuclear explosive devices. Casey-Maslen also considers whether a member of NATO or other nuclear alliance can lawfully become a state party to the Treaty.

Historical Dictionary Of The United Nations

Author: Jacques Fomerand
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1538109719
Size: 65.89 MB
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This second edition of Historical Dictionary of the United Nations contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 1,000 cross-referenced entries.

The Convention On Cluster Munitions

Author: Gro Nystuen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199599009
Size: 43.16 MB
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The use of cluster munitions, which are bombs that each disperse up to several hundred of submunitions over an area of two football pitches, exploding indiscriminately, will be banned in August 2010. This Commentary describes why the Convention on Cluster Munitions was adopted and what it means in practical terms.

Commentaries On Arms Control Treaties The Convention On The Prohibition Of The Use Stockpiling Production And Transfer Of Anti Personnel Mines And On Their Destruction

Author: Stuart Maslen
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 18.59 MB
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In September 1997, States meeting in Oslo adopted a new international legal instrument, the Convention on the Prohibition on the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction. Hailed as a breakthrough after the failure of negotiations held withinthe auspices of the United Nations to agree on a total ban on anti-personnel mines, the Convention entered into force in less than two years, and has already attracted more than 140 parties. Generally regarded as a hybrid of arms control and humanitarian law, it marked the culmination of many years of energetic campaigning by hundreds of organizations worldwide. Yet some of its core provisions remain the subject of contention, and major military powers remain outside its purview. Inaddition to offering a comprehensive interpretation of the Convention's provisions article by article, this commentary describes the development and use of anti-personnel mines, assesses their military utility, and reviews the legal antecedents to the Convention as well as the unusual negotiatingprocess that resulted in its adoption. An overview of the principles of treaty interpretation is provided for non-specialists, and extensive source material, including the various drafts of the Convention, are included as appendixes.

Internationales Wirtschaftsrecht

Author: Horst-Peter Götting
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110388618
Size: 80.77 MB
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Die Neuauflage bietet eine hochaktuelle, umfassende Darstellung und Analyse des internationalen Wirtschaftsrechts. In eigenen Kapiteln werden die einzelnen Rechtsbereiche des internationalen Wirtschaftssystems dargestellt: Welthandelsrecht (Waren- und Dienstleistungshandel), Finanz- und Währungsrecht, Investitionsschutzrecht, Transport-, Kommunikations- und Wettbewerbsrecht, Rohstoffmärkte, Schutz des geistigen Eigentums, das Recht internationaler Kapital- und Finanztransaktionen, das Recht internationaler Warentransaktionen, Außenwirtschaftsrecht und Streitbeilegung. Die Neuauflage berücksichtigt u.a. Entwicklungen im Zusammenhang mit der Finanz- und Staatsschuldenkrise der letzten Jahre, der Bali-Konferenz der WTO und dem Lissabon-Vertrag der EU.

The War In Afghanistan

Author: Naval War College (U.S.)
Publisher: Defense Department
ISBN:
Size: 29.60 MB
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Provides legal examination of the armed conflict in Iraq during the secondd Gulf War that began in 2003. Discusses legal issues associated with the initial decision to use armed force, the manner in which force was employed, the legal framework and evolution of military activities from invasion to occupation, detention and counterinsurgency operations, as well as policy and legal issues associated with the establishment of the rule of law and return of governance to the people of Iraq.