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The Chemistry And Technology Of Coal Third Edition

Author: James G. Speight
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439836469
Size: 64.73 MB
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The demand for coal use (for electricity generation) and coal products, particularly liquid fuels and chemical feedstocks, is increasing throughout the world. Traditional markets such as North America and Europe are experiencing a steady increase in demand whereas emerging Asian markets, such as India and China, are witnessing a rapid surge in demand for clean liquid fuels. A detailed and comprehensive overview of the chemistry and technology of coal in the twenty-first century, The Chemistry and Technology of Coal, Third Edition also covers the relationship of coal industry processes with environmental regulations as well as the effects of combustion products on the atmosphere. Maintaining and enhancing the clarity of presentation that made the previous editions so popular, this book: Examines the effects of combustion products on the atmosphere Details practical elements of coal evaluation procedures Clarifies misconceptions concerning the organic structure of coal Discusses the physical, thermal, electrical, and mechanical properties of coal Analyzes the development and current status of combustion and gasification techniques In addition to two new chapters, Coal Use and the Environment and Coal and Energy Security, much of the material in this edition been rewritten to incorporate the latest developments in the coal industry. Citations from review articles, patents, other books, and technical articles with substantial introductory material are incorporated into the text for further reference. The Chemistry and Technology of Coal, Third Edition maintains its initial premise: to introduce the science of coal, beginning with its formation in the ground to the production of a wide variety of products and petrochemical intermediates in the twenty-first century. The book will prove useful for scientists and engineers already engaged in the coal and/or catalyst manufacturing industry looking for a general overview or update on the clean coal technology as well as professional researchers and students in chemistry and engineering.

The Chemistry And Technology Of Coal Second Edition

Author: James G. Speight
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824792008
Size: 11.62 MB
Format: PDF
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Thoroughly rewritten and updated to reflect the latest advances in technology and highlighting the environmental aspects now being emphasized within the coal industry, this Second Edition of a highly acclaimed reference/text provides a comprehensive overview of coal science—covering topics ranging from the origins of coal to mining and contemporary uses. Maintaining and enhancing the clarity of presentation that made the first edition so popular, The Chemistry and Technology of Coal, Second Edition: Considers the implications of the Clean Air Act Examines the effects of combustion products on the atmosphere Details practical elements of coal evaluation procedures Clarifies misconceptions concerning the organic structure of coal Discusses the physical, thermal, electrical, and mechanical properties of coal Analyzes the development and current status of combustion and gasification techniques

The Chemistry And Technology Of Petroleum Fifth Edition

Author: James G. Speight
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439873895
Size: 53.62 MB
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With demand for petroleum products increasing worldwide, there is a tendency for existing refineries to seek new approaches to optimize efficiency and throughput. In addition, changes in product specifications due to environmental regulations greatly influence the development of petroleum refining technologies. These factors underlie the need for this fifth edition of The Chemistry and Technology of Petroleum, which continues in the tradition of the bestselling fourth edition, proving readers with a detailed overview of the chemistry and technology of petroleum as it evolves into the twenty-first century. The new edition has been updated with the latest developments in the refining industry, including new processes as well as updates on evolving processes and various environmental regulations. The book covers issues related to economics and future refineries, examines the changing character of refinery feedstock, and offers new discussions on environmental aspects of refining. It contains more than 300 figures and tables, including chemical structures and process flow sheets. A useful reference for scientists and engineers in the petroleum industry as well as in the catalyst manufacturing industry, this book introduces readers to the science and technology of petroleum, beginning with its formation in the ground and culminating in the production of a wide variety of products and petrochemical intermediates.

Transport Phenomena Fundamentals Third Edition

Author: Joel L. Plawsky
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466555335
Size: 34.24 MB
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The third edition of Transport Phenomena Fundamentals continues with its streamlined approach to the subject of transport phenomena, based on a unified treatment of heat, mass, and momentum transport using a balance equation approach. The new edition makes more use of modern tools for working problems, such as COMSOL®, Maple®, and MATLAB®. It introduces new problems at the end of each chapter and sorts them by topic for ease of use. It also presents new concepts to expand the utility of the text beyond chemical engineering. The text is divided into two parts, which can be used for teaching a two-term course. Part I covers the balance equation in the context of diffusive transport—momentum, energy, mass, and charge. Each chapter adds a term to the balance equation, highlighting that term's effects on the physical behavior of the system and the underlying mathematical description. Chapters familiarize students with modeling and developing mathematical expressions based on the analysis of a control volume, the derivation of the governing differential equations, and the solution to those equations with appropriate boundary conditions. Part II builds on the diffusive transport balance equation by introducing convective transport terms, focusing on partial, rather than ordinary, differential equations. The text describes paring down the microscopic equations to simplify the models and solve problems, and it introduces macroscopic versions of the balance equations for when the microscopic approach fails or is too cumbersome. The text discusses the momentum, Bournoulli, energy, and species continuity equations, including a brief description of how these equations are applied to heat exchangers, continuous contactors, and chemical reactors. The book also introduces the three fundamental transport coefficients: the friction factor, the heat transfer coefficient, and the mass transfer coefficient in the context of boundary layer theory. The final chapter covers the basics of radiative heat transfer, including concepts such as blackbodies, graybodies, radiation shields, and enclosures. The third edition incorporates many changes to the material and includes updated discussions and examples and more than 70 new homework problems.

The Chemistry And Technology Of Petroleum

Author: James G. Speight
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824702175
Size: 11.84 MB
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The Chemistry and Technology of Petroleum, Third Edition fully covers the subject, from the underground formation of petroleum to recovery of refined products. The third edition contains additional chapters on the structure of petroleum, refining heavy feedstocks, instability and incompatibility in petroleum products, environmental aspects of refining and much more.

An Introduction To Industrial Chemistry

Author: C.A. Heaton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401106134
Size: 43.34 MB
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to the Third Edition Following the success of the first two editions of this book in which the core subject matter has been retained, we have taken the opportunity to add substantial new material, including an additional chapter on that most important activity of the chemical industry, research and development. Topical items such as quality, safety and environmental issues also receive enhanced coverage. The team of authors for this edition comprises both those revising and updating their chapters and some new ones. The latter's different approach to the subject matter is reflected in the new titles: Organisational Structures - A Story of Evolution (chapter 5) and Environmental Impact of the Chemical Industry (chapter 9). The chapter on Energy retains its original title but different approach of the new authors is evident. We have updated statistics and tables wherever possible and expanded the index. We hope readers find the brief 'pen pictures' of authors to be interesting. It is worth stressing again that this book is designed to be used with its companion volume - The Chemical Industry, 2nd Edition, ed. Alan Heaton (referred to as Volume 2) - for a complete introduction to the chemical industry. Thanks are due to all contributors and to my wife Joy for typing my contributions.

Industrial Organic Chemicals

Author: Harold A. Wittcoff
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118229878
Size: 75.91 MB
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An essential introduction to the organic chemicalsindustry—in the context of globalization, advances intechnology, and environmental concerns Providing 95 percent of the 500 billion pounds of organicchemicals produced in the world, the petroleum and natural gasindustries are responsible for products that ensure our presentquality of life. Products as diverse as gasoline, plastics,detergents, fibers, pesticides, tires, lipstick, shampoo, andsunscreens are based on seven raw materials derived from petroleumand natural gas. In an updated and expanded Third Edition,Industrial Organic Chemicals examines why each of thesechemical building blocks—ethylene, propylene, C4 olefins(butenes and butadiene), benzene toluene, the xylenes, andmethane—is preferred over another in the context of anenvironmental issue or manufacturing process, as well as theirindividual chemistry, derivatives, method of manufacture, uses, andeconomic significance. The new edition details the seismic shifts in the world'schemistry industry away from the United States, Western Europe andJapan, transforming the Middle East and Asia-Pacific region,especially China, into major players. The book also details: The impact of globalization on the patterns of worldwidetransportation of chemicals, including methods of shippingchemicals The technological advances in the area of polymerization andcatalysis, including catalyst design and single-site catalysts Chemicals for electronics, with much new material on conductingpolymers, photovoltaic cells, and related materials The discovery of vast reserves of shale gas and shale oil,altering long-term predictions of resource depletion in the UnitedStates and other countries Commercial and market aspects of the chemical industry, withcoverage of emerging new companies such as INEOS, Formosa Plastics,LyondellBasell, and SABIC With expanded coverage on the vital role of green chemistry,renewables, chemicals and fuels on issues of sustainability andclimate change, Industrial Organic Chemicals offers anunparalleled examination of what is at the heart of thismulti-billion dollar industry, how globalization has transformedit, and its ever growing role in preserving the Earth and itsresources.

Guide To The Chemical Industry

Author: William Stevenson Emerson
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN:
Size: 21.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A comprehensive review of the chemical industry describing the total industrial chemical picture. Examines chemicals from petroleum, industrial chemistry, petrochemistry, and polymer chemistry. Discusses all aspects of technology, research, and marketing, including industrial chemical research and development, patents, chemical engineering, unit operations, marketing, corporate technical planning, company reports, planning an industrial career, and job opportunities.

Industrial Organic Chemistry

Author: Klaus Weissermel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527614591
Size: 56.27 MB
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'Ideal for getting an overview of applied organic chemistry' This bestselling standard, now in its 3rd completely revised English edition, is an excellent source of technological and economic information on the most important precursors and intermediates used in the chemical industry. Right and left columns containing synopsis of the main text and statistical data, and numerous fold-out flow diagrams ensure optimal didactic presentation of complex chemical processes. The translation into eight languages, the four German and three English editions clearly evidence the popularity of this book. '... it is where I look first to get a quick overview of the manufacturing process of a product... Weissermel/Arpe has been serving me for years as an indispensable reference work.' (Berichte der Bunsengesellschaft für Physikalische Chemie) 'Whether student or scientist, theorist or practician - everyboby interested in industrial organic chemistry will appreciate this work.' (farbe + lack) '...it should be ready to hand to every chemist or process engineer envolved directly or indirectly with industrial organic chemistry . It should be in the hand of every higher-graduate student, especially if chemical technology is not part of the study, like in many college universities...' (Tenside-Surfactants-Detergents)