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The Columbia History Of Jews And Judaism In America

Author: Marc Lee Raphael
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231132239
Size: 10.30 MB
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This collection focuses on a variety of important themes in the American Jewish and Judaic experience. It opens with essays on early Jewish settlers (1654-1820), the expansion of Jewish life in America (1820-1901), the great wave of eastern European Jewish immigrants (1880-1924), the character of American Judaism between the two world wars, American Jewish life from the end of World War II to the Six-Day War, and the growth of Jews' influence and affluence. The second half of the volume includes essays on Orthodox Jews, the history of Jewish education in America, the rise of Jewish social clubs at the turn of the century, the history of southern and western Jewry, Jewish responses to Nazism and the Holocaust, feminism's confrontation with Judaism, and the eternal question of what defines American Jewish culture. Original and elegantly crafted, The Columbia History of Jews and Judaism in America not only introduces the student to a thrilling history, but also provides the scholar with new perspectives and insights.

Judaism In America

Author: Marc Lee Raphael
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231512449
Size: 43.19 MB
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Jews have been a religious and cultural presence in America since the colonial era, and the community of Jews in the United States today—some six million people—continues to make a significant contribution to the American religious landscape. Emphasizing developments in American Judaism in the last quarter century among active participants in Jewish worship, this book provides both a look back into the 350-year history of Judaic life and a well-crafted portrait of a multifaceted tradition today. Combining extensive research into synagogue archival records and secondary sources as well as interviews and observations of worship services at more than a hundred Jewish congregations across the country, Raphael's study distinguishes itself as both a history of the Judaic tradition and a witness to the vitality and variety of contemporary American Judaic life. Beginning with a chapter on beliefs, festivals, and life-cycle events, both traditional and non-traditional, and an explanation of the enormous variation in practice, Raphael then explores Jewish history in America, from the arrival of the first Jews to the present, highlighting the emergence and development of the four branches: Orthodox, Conservative, Reconstructionist, and Reform. After documenting the considerable variety among the branches, the book addresses issues of some controversy, notably spirituality, conversion, homosexuality, Jewish education, synagogue architecture, and the relationship to Israel. Raphael turns next to a discussion of eight American Jews whose thoughts and/or activities made a huge impact on American Judaism. The final chapter focuses on the return to tradition in every branch of Judaism and examines prospects for the future.

The Synagogue In America

Author: Marc Lee Raphael
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814775829
Size: 37.18 MB
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Chronicles the history of the Jewish synagogue in America over the course of three centuries, discussing its changing role in the American Jewish community.

Geschichte Der Juden Im Stlichen Europa 1772 1881

Author: Israel Bartal
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647363820
Size: 75.32 MB
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In der Zeit zwischen 1772 bis 1881 lebte die Mehrheit der Juden, verteilt auf hunderte von kleinen Städten und Dörfern, in dem Gebiet zwischen der Ostsee und dem Schwarzen Meer. Mit dem Aufkommen des Spätabsolutismus begann eine Epoche tiefgehender Transformation. Sie führte zur Auflösung der traditionellen jüdischen Autonomie und einer forcierten Integration in die nichtjüdische Umwelt, verbunden mit einer Erweckung eines nationalen jüdischen Selbstverständnisses. Diese Phase endet mit den Ausbrüchen russischer Pogrome und einer antisemitisch geprägten Gesetzgebung im Zarenreich.Israel Bartal untersucht diese Transformation einer traditionalen Gemeinschaft nach und entdeckt in ihr die Ursprünge der jüdischen Moderne.

Vier Juden Auf Dem Parnass

Author: Carl Djerassi
Publisher: Haymon Verlag
ISBN: 3709975026
Size: 33.16 MB
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Die Philosophen Theodor W. Adorno und Walter Benjamin, der Religionshistoriker Gershom Scholem, der Komponist Arnold Schönberg: vier große jüdische Denker des 20. Jahrhunderts, vier Wege jüdischen Selbstverständnisses und vier Lebensgeschichten durch die Abgründe des 20. Jahrhunderts, in denen sich als fünfter Weg auch die Biografie von Carl Djerassi selbst spiegelt. Djerassi lässt diese vier Männer in Dialogen unmittelbar zu Wort kommen. So führt er die Leser ein in ihre Gedankengebäude und lotet aus, welche Bandbreite die Bedeutung des Wortes "Jude", in Hinblick auf Herkunft wie auf Religion oder Politik, abdecken kann. Zugleich erlaubt Djerassi auf der Basis fundierter Recherche aber auch völlig neue Einblicke in die privaten Lebensbereiche von Benjamin, Adorno, Scholem und Schönberg und lässt sie über Freundschaften und Frauenbeziehungen, über Sexualität und Pornographie erzählen. Ein wichtiges Thema ihrer Gespräche ist auch Paul Klee, der als Prototypus des "nicht-jüdischen Juden" und insbesondere über sein 1920 geschaffenes Werk "Angelus Novus", mit dem Adorno und Benjamin sich intensiv beschäftigten, präsent ist. Die Auseinandersetzung mit Paul Klee durchzieht auch die Fotokunstwerke, die Gabriele Seethaler für diesen Band geschaffen hat und die Djerassis in gedanklicher Schärfe funkelnden Text begleiten und ergänzen. Aus dem Amerikanischen von Ursula-Maria Mössner. Gabriele Seethaler, geboren 1964 in Linz. Biochemikerin und Fotokünstlerin an den Übergängen zwischen Kunst und Wissenschaft. Ausstellungen u.a. in Rom, Paris, Mailand, Brüssel, New York, Berlin und Wien.

Encyclopedia Of American Jewish History

Author: Stephen Harlan Norwood
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1851096388
Size: 55.46 MB
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Traces the history of Jews in the United States, providing demographics and information on their influence on and participation in American culture, leading figures, organizations, and communities.

Interpreting American Jewish History At Museums And Historic Sites

Author: Avi Y. Decter
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442264365
Size: 40.79 MB
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Interpreting American Jewish History at Museums and Historic Sites begins with a broad overview of American Jewish history in the context of a religious culture than extends back more than 3,000 years and which manifests itself in a variety of distinctive American forms. Five chapters examine key themes in American Jewish history: movement, home life, community, prejudice, and culture. Each thematic chapter is followed by a series of case studies that describe and analyze a variety of projects by historical organizations to interpret American Jewish life and culture for general public audiences. The last two chapters of the book are a history of Jewish collections and Jewish museums in North America and a look at “next practice,” intended to promote continuous innovation, new thinking, and programming that is responsive to ever-changing circumstances.

American Judaism In Popular Culture

Author: Leonard Jay Greenspoon
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781881871569
Size: 36.92 MB
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The series Studies in Jewish Civilization, based on the annual symposium of the Klutznick Chair in Jewish Civilization and Harris Center for Judaic Studies, examines Jewish history and culture around the world and throughout history. Volume 17 includes fourteen essays that provide an overview of Jews and Judaism in American popular culture. Relevant discussions of music, film, television, literature, cartoons, sports, and material culture inform our current understanding of the influence that Jewish culture has in modern American society. Taken together, these essays make a strong case that appropriate analysis of popular culture is essential for a proper understanding of something as multifaceted and varied as American Judaism and the American Jewish community. The essays recognize, even if they cannot precisely define, something distinctly “Jewish” and distinctively “American” in each of the individuals and groups featured in this collection.