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The Contradictions Of American Capital Punishment

Author: Franklin E. Zimring
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198034797
Size: 69.18 MB
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Why does the United States continue to employ the death penalty when fifty other developed democracies have abolished it? Why does capital punishment become more problematic each year? How can the death penalty conflict be resolved? In The Contradictions of American Capital Punishment, Frank Zimring reveals that the seemingly insoluble turmoil surrounding the death penalty reflects a deep and long-standing division in American values, a division that he predicts will soon bring about the end of capital punishment in our country. On the one hand, execution would seem to violate our nation's highest legal principles of fairness and due process. It sets us increasingly apart from our allies and indeed is regarded by European nations as a barbaric and particularly egregious form of American exceptionalism. On the other hand, the death penalty represents a deeply held American belief in violent social justice that sees the hangman as an agent of local control and safeguard of community values. Zimring uncovers the most troubling symptom of this attraction to vigilante justice in the lynch mob. He shows that the great majority of executions in recent decades have occurred in precisely those Southern states where lynchings were most common a hundred years ago. It is this legacy, Zimring suggests, that constitutes both the distinctive appeal of the death penalty in the United States and one of the most compelling reasons for abolishing it. Impeccably researched and engagingly written, Contradictions in American Capital Punishment casts a clear new light on America's long and troubled embrace of the death penalty.

Capital Punishment And The American Agenda

Author: Franklin E. Zimring
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521378635
Size: 57.51 MB
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Describes social, political, and moral conditions in the United States, discusses the history of capital punishment, and examines the possibility of its being abolished

The Death Penalty

Author: Roger G. Hood
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199251292
Size: 66.99 MB
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Despite growing pressure for the death penalty's abolition, the year 2000 saw over 1000 people executed in China, some 123 in Saudi Arabia, 75 in Iran, and 85 in the United States of America (figures: Amnesty International). In this new edition of his classic study Roger Hood, theacknowledged world authority on death penalty legislation, assesses the global status of capital punishment at the start of the new millennium.As in previous editions, the author has drawn on his experiences as consultant to the United Nations for the Secretary General's five-yearly surveys of capital punishment as well as the latest literature from non-governmental organizations and academic experts. He shows that, despite a number ofset-backs, the movement to abolish the death penalty has continued to gather pace; that international organizations and human rights treaties have increased the pressure on retentionist countries; that further developments have been made in securing protection for those facing the death penalty inretentionist counties; and that, despite such advances, in some parts of the world the range of crimes subject to the death penalty remains wide and the number of executions considerable. As before, Professor Hood engages in the latest debates on the realities of capital punishment, on claims thatthe death penalty is a unique deterrent to murder and other serious crime, and on the role of public opinion in the debate on capital punishment.

Exceptional America

Author: Mugambi Jouet
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520293290
Size: 68.93 MB
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Why does a country built on the concept of liberty have the highest incarceration rate in the world? How could the first Western nation to elect a person of color as its leader suffer from institutional racism? How does Christian fundamentalism coexist with gay marriage in the American imagination? In essence, what makes the United States exceptional? In this provocative exploration of American exceptionalism, Mugambi Jouet examines why Americans are far more divided than other Westerners over basic issues—including wealth inequality, health care, climate change, evolution, the literal truth of the Bible, abortion, gay rights, gun control, mass incarceration, and war. Drawing inspiration from Alexis de Tocqueville, Jouet, raised in Paris by a French mother and a Kenyan father, wields his multicultural sensibility to parse the ways in which the intense polarization of U.S. conservatives and liberals has become a key dimension of American exceptionalism—an idea widely misunderstood to mean American superiority. Instead, Jouet contends that exceptionalism, once a source of strength, may now spell decline, as unique features of U.S. history, politics, law, culture, religion, and race relations foster grave conflicts and injustices. This book offers a brilliant dissection of the American soul, in all of its outsize, clashing, and striking manifestations.

Comics Bilder Stories Und Sequenzen In Religi Sen Deutungskulturen

Author: Jörn Ahrens
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658014288
Size: 69.32 MB
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Comics sind fester Bestandteil spätmoderner Text- und Zeichenwelten. Sie haben der Gegenwartskultur nicht nur Storys und Sagenkränze beschert, sondern auch Mythen, Ikonen und Helden. Dass die skizzierten Protagonisten bisweilen auch als Antihelden konstruiert werden – und sich die Erzählungen insofern auch als Antimythen aufstellen – bekräftigt im Grunde die These von einer comic-literarischen Heldenreise, auf deren Sinn und Funktion sowohl die Religions- als auch die Medienwissenschaften aufmerksam gemacht haben. Der Comic als Medium hat Rezeptionsgewohnheiten verändert und Reflexionsstrategien neu gestaltet. Populäre Erzählmuster sind von der Trivialität und Banalität der Strips und Cartoons ebenso beeinflusst worden wie die intellektuellen Diskurse von den metatextuellen Realitätskonstruktionen der Graphic Novel.

When The State No Longer Kills

Author: Sangmin Bae
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791472088
Size: 53.94 MB
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Why some countries comply with international norms against the death penalty while others do not.

The Moral Fool

Author: Hans-Georg Moeller
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231519249
Size: 38.91 MB
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Justice, equality, and righteousness these are some of our greatest moral convictions. Yet in times of social conflict, morals can become rigid, making religious war, ethnic cleansing, and political purges possible. Morality, therefore, can be viewed as pathology-a rhetorical, psychological, and social tool that is used and abused as a weapon. An expert on Eastern philosophies and social systems theory, Hans-Georg Moeller questions the perceived goodness of morality and those who claim morality is inherently positive. Critiquing the ethical "fanaticism" of Western moralists, such as Immanuel Kant, Lawrence Kohlberg, John Rawls, and the utilitarians, Moeller points to the absurd fundamentalisms and impracticable prescriptions arising from definitions of good. Instead he advances a theory of "moral foolishness," or moral asceticism, extracted from the "amoral" philosophers of East Asia and such thinkers as Ludwig Wittgenstein and Niklas Luhmann. The moral fool doesn't understand why ethics are necessarily good, and he isn't convinced that the moral perspective is always positive. In this way he is like most people, and Moeller defends this foolishness against ethical pathologies that support the death penalty, just wars, and even Jerry Springer's crude moral theater. Comparing and contrasting the religious philosophies of Christianity, Daoism, and Zen Buddhism, Moeller presents a persuasive argument in favor of amorality.

Murder Stories

Author: Paul Kaplan
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739171712
Size: 23.38 MB
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Murder Stories takes on the difficult question of American retention of capital punishment by investigating the elusive role of ideology in the law. As such it is a prime example of contemporary scholarship on the death penalty and law & society.