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The Control Of Fat And Lean Deposition

Author: K.N. Boorman
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 1483162052
Size: 10.30 MB
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The Control of Fat and Lean Deposition is a collection of papers dealing with the methods of influencing fat and lean deposition in whole animals, such as the use of the immune response, the use of exogenously applied materials, transgenesis, or the diet itself. The papers also consider the results of fat manipulation and lean deposition on meat quality to achieve suitabilty for human consumption. Some papers review the hormonal regulation of muscle protein synthesis, degradation, and cell growth, noting that muscle protein turnover involves the regulation of cellular growth and metabolism of the whole body. Another paper investigates the surge in lipid accumulation during fattening, as well as the correlation between changes in flux or enzyme activities in growing animals to changes in lipid accretion. One paper examines the responsiveness of prenatal development of key tissues, such as skeletal tissue and adipose, to nongenetic influences. The paper also analyzes how such responsiveness influence the rate and composition of postnatal growth. Another paper discusses the observation that reducing fat content especially on the muscle tissue itself can adversely affect the eating quality and tenderness of meat. The collection is suitable for veterinarians, livestock growers, and researchers engaged in food processing and preservation.

Protein Deposition In Animals

Author: P.J. Buttery
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 1483161811
Size: 23.93 MB
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Protein Deposition in Animals explores the factors controlling protein deposition in farm animals including fish, poultry, and ruminants. Topics covered range from protein biosynthesis in eukaryotic cells and protein metabolism in intact animals to whole-body amino acid metabolism, synthesis of egg proteins, and metabolism of the fetus. The energy costs of protein metabolism, dietary constraints on nitrogen retention, and metabolism in muscle are also discussed. Emphasis is placed on the factors that influence protein production by animals. This book is comprised of 15 chapters; the first of which explains some fundamental aspects of protein synthesis, followed by a topic of the molecular control of protein breakdown. Two chapters then consider the measurement of whole-body protein metabolism and the integration of the metabolism of individual organs with the rest of the animal. Two 'tissues', the muscle and the fetus, are singled out for detailed analysis in subsequent chapters, while another chapter describes the synthesis of egg proteins. The factors that influence overall nitrogen retention by the animals are also examined, along with the energy costs of protein deposition, hormonal influences on protein deposition, and the use of anabolic agents to manipulate growth. Two chapters, one on poultry and the other on ruminants, are concerned with predicting rates of protein deposition. This text concludes by discussing the protein metabolism in fish. This book will be of interest to scientists working in the fields of applied biochemistry, animal nutrition and physiology, physiology, and agriculture.

Control And Manipulation Of Animal Growth

Author: P.J. Buttery
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 1483161862
Size: 28.19 MB
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Control and Manipulation of Animal Growth explores the development and growth of animals. The reproductive system of animals is also discussed, along with how its development can be accelerated. The topic is presented using various studies by the authors together with a number of references to other books and studies. This book contains 20 chapters and revolves around the advancement of an animal's growth hormone. It explains how gender plays a part in an animal's development and talks about factors that can affect the process, such as environment, temperature, and food intake. This book also discusses bone growth, fetal growth, metabolism, factors of epidermal growth, growth manipulation, growth hormones, hormonal manipulation, and the effect of insulin. This text covers a wide range of facts and investigations and can therefore serve as an excellent reference for people who want to study an animal's internal and external development.

Yields Of Farmed Species

Author: R. Sylvester-Bradley
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 76.94 MB
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Can we expect the dramatic increases of the last century to continue? What are the yield potentials of the species which are farmed now? How will new technologies affect yields achieved in future decades? To what extent will pests, pathogens, competing demands for resources, or scruples about farming processes, curtail our ability to innovate in the production of food? Solutions to these and other issues are debated in this volume.

Proteins As Human Food

Author: R. A. Lawrie
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483100162
Size: 80.40 MB
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Proteins as Human Food is a collection of studies that discuss the importance of inclusion of protein in human diet; the problems that cause and may arise from its insufficiency; and its solutions. The book is divided into seven parts. Part I covers topics related to the world supply and demand of protein such as problems related to the surplus and deficiency of protein production; nutrition policy with regard to protein; and methods on how to meet the world's protein needs. Part II tackles the preservation of protein and processing, as well as the altering effects of toxic agents and microorganisms on protein. Parts III, IV, and V respectively deals with the different animal, plant, and other unconventional sources of protein; their properties; and quality control. Part VI talks about the organoleptic qualities of protein foods and protein problems in large-scale catering, and Part VII covers regulatory mechanism in mammalian protein metabolism; effects of disproportionate amounts of amino acids; and the evaluation of protein. The text is recommended for nutritionists and chemists who would like to know more about the advancements in the studies of protein, its relevance to diet, and the solution to problems related to it.