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The Convention On Biological Diversity And Developing Countries

Author: G.Kristin Rosendal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940159421X
Size: 33.63 MB
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The book focuses on the negotiation process leading up to the creation of the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) and the domestic implementation of this international agreement. This political science study of the negotiation process applies several perspectives drawn from international relations theories, while also focusing on the implementation of international environmental agreements in a developing country. Moreover, the links between factors at international and domestic levels are examined, with four proposed mechanisms through which an international institution may affect domestic policies. Evidence is found that the CBD has had a beneficial impact on national biodiversity policies in the country studied, but that necessary compatible legislation is absent in developed country parties. Readership: Policy makers, decision makers, political scientists, lawyers and environmentalists engaged in development assistance work, and academics and industrialists involved in the biotechnology industry.

International Law And The Conservation Of Biological Diversity

Author: Michael Bowman
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041108637
Size: 15.12 MB
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This work presents a thorough analysis of the biodiversity concept in international law and commentary on the 1992 United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity which was opened for signature following the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development. This Convention is the first international treaty explicitly to address all aspects of biodiversity ranging from the conservation and sustainable use of biological resources, to access to biotechnology and the safety of activities related to modified living organisms. The work extends beyond the ambit of the Convention itself to examine the conservation of biodiversity in international law generally, including measures for the protection of the terrestrial, marine and Antarctic environment and particular features relating to sustainable use of biological resources, ex-situ conservation and plant genetic resources. It further analyses the controversial issue of intellectual property rights, the problems of implementation in the European Union and the United States, differences between developing and developed states and the role of indigenous peoples. This major new work has been written by members of the Committee on Environmental Law of the British Branch of the International Law Association following an earlier study on the subject of International Law and Global Climate Change (Graham & Trotman, 1991). It is the first major study of the Convention of the context in which it was negotiated, and of the prospects for its implementation, following the entry into force of the Convention on 29 December 1993.

Biodiversity And Gender For Sustainable Development

Author: Rogers W'O. Okot-Uma
Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat
ISBN: 9780850925562
Size: 56.56 MB
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Biodiversity and Gender for Sustainable Development is a specialist publication, evolved out of many years of subregional, regional and pan-Commonwealth experience of education and training under the aegis of the Commonwealth Secretariat. The publication provides an unprecedented insight into the two subject areas of Biodiversity and Gender. It takes cognisance of the Convention of Biological Diversity which recognises "the vital importance that women play in the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and affirms the need for the full participation of women at all levels of policy-making and implementation for biological diversity conservation." This is not withstanding the fact that both women and men must exist in a mutually-beneficial partnership and strategic alliance that is poised to enable equal say in the decision-making process on the sustainable utilisation of biodiversity as well as facilitate equitable distribution of responsibilities for its conservation. The book is analytic and integrative in approach, clear in presentation and broad on the essential a concept of biodiversity, ranging from basic fundamentals to policy implications and biodiversity research innovation. The book is targeted at environmentalists, natural resource scientists, environmental practitioners, including planners and policy makers on national environmental issues.

The Climate Change Convention And Developing Countries

Author: Joyeeta Gupta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792345770
Size: 40.64 MB
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The climate change problem can only be effectively dealt with if global anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions can be reduced substantially. Since the emission of such gases is closely related to the economic growth of countries, a critical problem to be addressed by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) is: how will the permissible emission levels be shared between industrialised (ICs) and developing countries (DCs)? The thesis of this book is that the long-term effectiveness of the FCCC runs the risk of a horizontal negotiation deadlock between countries and the risk of vertical standstill within countries if there is little domestic support for the domestic implementation of measures being announced in international negotiations. The research question is: Can one observe trends towards horizontal deadlock and vertical standstill and if yes, how can the treaty design be improved so as to avoid such potential future bottlenecks? The research focuses on the perspectives of domestic actors on the climate convention and related issues in four developing countries: India, Indonesia, Kenya and Brazil. The following key findings emerge from the research: 1. Handicapped negotiating power: The common theme of the foreign policy of DCs is that ICs are responsible for the bulk of the GHG emissions and need to take appropriate domestic action.

Accessing Biological Resources

Author: Natalie P. Stoianoff
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
ISBN: 9041120874
Size: 76.10 MB
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Stoianoff (law, University of Wollongong, Australia) collects contributions from lawyers, scientists, and policy makers on issues related to the use of biological and genetic resources for commercial and scientific purposes. While emphasis is on the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Interna.

Global Action For Biodiversity

Author: Timothy Swanson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134174748
Size: 71.42 MB
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At the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, the nations of the world adopted the convention on Biological Diversity. Since then, over 160 countries have ratified the Convention, three Conferences of the Parties have taken place and a permanent secretariat has been established. Despite this, there remains a lot of uncertainty and even more controversy about what the Convention was intended to accomplish and how it was to do so. This book, published in association with the IUCN - The World Conservation Union, sets out to answer some of these questions by recounting the history of the movements leading up to the Convention, but especially by analysing the forces giving rise to the problem. It provides a specific set of policy prescriptions intended to facilitate the development of institutions and obligations within the international community which will give real effect to the aspirations of the Convention, and the ensure that it has some real effect at ground level. The author begins with an overview of the issues and then develops the basic nature of the problems within a bio-economic framework. He highlights the gaps in the Convention which remain to be filled, offers detailed explanations of the concepts involved and describes the nature of the solutions required. Thus he sets out a detailed plan for global action in support of an effective international convention for the conservation of biological diversity. The book is an excellent introduction to a very topical debate, and a valuable reference point for conservationists, policy makers and students of development studies, environmental studies, environmental policy and conservation biology.

Biodiversity And International Law

Author: Simone Bilderbeek
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9789051990676
Size: 73.82 MB
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Report of the Global Consultation on the Development and Enforcement of International Environmental Law, with a special focus on the preservation of biodiversity and International Environmental Law Conference.

Handbook Of The Convention On Biological Diversity

Author: Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
Publisher: Earthscan / James & James
Size: 27.87 MB
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* Official Handbook of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) - a major international agreement under continuous development * Gives full details of the CBD and of the discussions and decisions of the Conference of the Parties to the CBD * Essential resource for all those involved in the political process and with biological conservation issues The threats to the world's biodiversity and the extinction of species are at unprecedented levels. In 1992, at the Earth Summit in Rio, the United Nations adopted the Convention on Biological Diversity to agree international measures aimed at preserving the vital ecosystems and biological resources on which we all depend. 168 countries have signed the Convention which came into force in 1993. The CBD process continues and in February 2000 governments agreed a groundbreaking Protocol on Biosafety, governing the development of trade in genetically modified organisms. This Handbook presents all the most important information about the CBD, including a guide to the decisions adopted and to the ongoing activities of the Convention. It is an essential resource for all the governments, intergovernmental agencies, NGOs and conservation bodies and researchers working in this area.

The Euro Atlantic Security System In The 21st Century

Author: Ryszard Zięba
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319791052
Size: 18.19 MB
Format: PDF
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This book examines the evolution of the Euro-Atlantic security system, from cooperation to rivalry and crisis, since the beginning of the 21st century. By highlighting the causes, manifestations and international consequences of this evolution, the author describes a stage of crisis in the security system, characterized by increasing rivalry for spheres of influence, militarization of policies and the suspension of cooperation due to the growing divergence between the interests of the West – now including the Central European states – and Russia, leading to a subsequent reconfiguration of the world order. Adopting a neo-realistic approach, the author demonstrates that members of the Euro-Atlantic security system, irrespective of the values they claim to hold, are guided in their actions on the international stage by clearly defined interests. The first part of the book analyses the nature of the Euro-Atlantic security system, while the second part illustrates the limited success of Euro-Atlantic collaboration, for example in combating terrorism. Lastly, the third part discusses the consequences of the crisis, such as the conflict in Ukraine, and prospects for the future evolution of the Euro-Atlantic security system.