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The Copts In Egyptian Politics Rle Egypt

Author: B. L. Carter
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415811244
Size: 66.88 MB
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This book explores the political relationship between the Muslim majority and Coptic minority in Egypt between 1918 and 1952. Many Egyptians hoped to see the collaboration of the 1919 revolution spur the creation of both a new collective Egyptian identity and a state without religious bias. Traditional ways of governing, however, were not so easily cast aside. Some Egyptians held tenaciously to the traditional arrangements which had both guaranteed Muslim primacy and served relatively well to protect the Copts and afford them some autonomy. Differences within the Coptic community over the wisdom of trusting the genuineness and durability of Muslim support for equality were accentuated by a protracted struggle between reforming laymen and conservative clergy for control of the community. The unwillingness of all parties to compromise hampered the ability of the community both to determine and to defend its interests. The Copts met with modest success in their attempt to become full Egyptian citizens. Their influence in the Wafd, the pre-eminent political party, was very strong prior to and in the early years of the constitutional monarchy, and their formal representation was generally adequate and, in some parliaments, better than adequate. However, this very success produced a backlash which caused many Copts to believe, by the 1940s, that the experiment had failed: political activity has become fraught with risk for them. At the close of the monarchy, equality and shared power seemed motions as distant as in the disheartening years before the 1919 revolution.

Religious Strife In Egypt Rle Egypt

Author: Nadia Ramsis Farah
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135091099
Size: 29.14 MB
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This critical analysis investigates the causes that brought about one of the most tumultuous periods in modern Egyptian history – the clashes between the Muslims and Copts during the 1970s. A unique retrospective, it features probing interviews with Egyptian intellectuals, writers, political and religious leaders, as well as common citizens from both the Muslim and Copt communities. Within a framework of economic, political and ideological factors, Nadia Ramsis Farah is able to synthesize a compelling portrait of a troubled national conscience in the face of religious strife. First published 1986.

Egypt From Nasser To Mubarak Rle Egypt

Author: Anthony McDermott
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135091153
Size: 19.18 MB
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Ever since Nasser overthrew Prince Farouk in 1952, Egypt has held a special, leading position within the Arab world. It is now facing major problems, the most serious of which are the growing strength of the Muslim fundamentalists, continuing population growth and external debt problems. Together, these are creating a volatile and potentially explosive climate. In this book, the journalist Anthony McDermott examines the development of Egypt from Revolution to the present, describing various features of Egyptian society and the contributions of its leaders. He asks whether Egypt has fulfilled its expected role as the model for Arab and developing countries or whether the peace pact made by Sadat with Israel was a major error, causing Egypt’s withdrawal under Mubarak from the centre of international politics. The book is lively and readable and provides a challenging introduction to the development and problems of the largest country in the Middle East. First published 1988.

Sectarian Conflict In Egypt

Author: Elizabeth Iskander
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415695783
Size: 62.97 MB
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In light of the Egyptian uprising in early 2011, understanding the dynamics that are shaping Egyptian politics and society is more crucial than ever as Egypt seeks to re-define itself after the Mubarak era. One of the most controversial debates concerns the place of religion in Egypt's political future. This book examines the escalation in religious violence in Egypt since 2005 and the public discourses behind it, revealing some of the complex negotiations that lie behind contestations of citizenship, Muslim-Christian relations and national unity. Focusing on Egypt's largest religious minority group, the Coptic Orthodox Christians, this book explores how national, ethnic and religious expressions of identity are interwoven in the narratives and usage of the press and Internet. In doing so it offers insights into some of Egypt's contemporary social and political challenges, and recognises the ways that media are involved in constructing and reflecting formations of identity politics. The author examines in depth the processes through which identity and belonging are negotiated via media discourses within the wider framework of changing political realities in Egypt. Using a combination of methodological approaches - including comprehensive surveys and content analysis - the research offers a fresh perspective on the politics of identity in Egypt.

Documenting Christianity In Egypt Sixth To Fourteenth Centuries

Author: Leslie S. B. MacCoull
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing
ISBN: 9781409427889
Size: 33.93 MB
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These studies cover three areas in Christian Egypt's long and enduring history. The first deal with record-keeping in Coptic and Greek, showing how these languages were used to embody everyday transactions and messages. Then come five studies of the major sixth-century thinker, John Philoponus, who contributed to the self-definition of the non-Chalcedonian Egyptian church and employed both classical philosophy and biblical exegesis, providing fellow Miaphysites with needed intellectual tools. Finally, six articles ranging from sixth-century philosophy, poetry, and liturgy to the cultural productions of Egyptian Christians living under Muslim rule, examine how they sought to memorialize traditions and deal with internal conflict.

Historians State And Politics In Twentieth Century Egypt

Author: Anthony Gorman
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415297532
Size: 11.52 MB
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This book deals with the relationship between historical scholarship and politics in twentieth century Egypt. It examines the changing roles of the academic historian, the university system, the state and non-academic scholarship and the tension between them in contesting the modern history of Egypt. In a detailed discussion of the literature, the study analyzes the political nature of competing interpretations and uses the examples of Copts and resident foreigners to demonstrate the dissonant challenges to the national discourse that testify to its limitations, deficiencies and silences.

Coptic Perspectives On Late Antiquity

Author: Leslie S. B. MacCoull
Publisher: Variorum Publishing
Size: 64.23 MB
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The transitions from Antiquity to the Middle Ages continue to demand explanation; in the case of Egypt there is the added question of why the Coptic language died out following the Arab conquests. In these studies Dr MacCoull draws on the extensive papyrological evidence, in both Coptic and Greek, to explore the Egypt of the 6th-8th centuries, its culture, religion and society. One group of articles focuses on the figure of the lawyer-poet Dioscorus of Aphrodito; in others she examines the adjustments made by Christian Egyptians as they became a minority under Muslim rule, as well as the methodologies of studying this society.Les differents passages de l'Antiquité au Moyen Age nécessitent encore un certain nombre d'explications; dans le cas de l'Egypte, s'ajoute la question de l'extinction de la langue copte à la suite des conquêtes arabes. Au cours de ces études, le Dr MacCoull s'appuie sur l'abondante documentation papyrologique, en langue grecque et copte, afin d'explorer l'Egypte du 6e au 8e siècle, sa culture, sa religion et sa société. Un groupe d'articles se concentre sur le personnage du poète juriste Dioscore d'Aphrodito; d'ailleurs, elle examine la façon dont les Chrétiens égyptiens se sont adaptés alors qu'ils devenaient une minorité sous l'empire des musulmans, ainsi que la méthodologie relative à l'étude de cette société.

From Byzantine To Islamic Egypt

Author: Maged S. A. Mikhail
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857736825
Size: 63.99 MB
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The conquest of Egypt by Islamic armies under the command of Amr ibn al-As in the seventh century transformed medieval Egyptian society. Seeking to uncover the broader cultural changes of the period by drawing on a wide array of literary and documentary sources, Maged Mikhail stresses the cultural and institutional developments that punctuated the histories of Christians and Muslims in the province under early Islamic rule. From Byzantine to Islamic Egypt traces how the largely agrarian Egyptian society responded to the influx of Arabic and Islam, the means by which the Coptic Church constructed its sectarian identity, the Islamisation of the administrative classes and how these factors converged to create a new medieval society. The result is a fascinating and essential study for scholars of Byzantine and early Islamic Egypt.

The Muslim Brotherhood In Contemporary Egypt

Author: Mariz Tadros
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415465966
Size: 33.85 MB
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The Muslim Brotherhood is one of the oldest and most influential Islamist movements. As the party ascends to power in Egypt, it is poised to adopt a new system of governance and state–society relations, the effects of which are likely to extend well beyond Egypt's national borders. This book examines the Brotherhood's visions and practices, from its inception in 1928, up to its response to the 2011 uprising, as it moves to redefine democracy along Islamic lines. The book analyses the Muslim Brotherhood's position on key issues such as gender, religious minorities, and political plurality, and critically analyses whether claims that the Brotherhood has abandoned extremism and should be engaged with as a moderate political force can be substantiated. It also considers the wider political context of the region, and assesses the extent to which the Brotherhood has the potential to transform politics in the Middle East.

Contemporary Egypt Through Egyptian Eyes

Author: Charles Tripp
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134927053
Size: 18.67 MB
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This book brings together expert essays on the social and political forces and personalities that have shaped modern Egypt, and the economic, political and diplomatic dilemmas facing the country.