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The Crisis Years

Author: Michael Beschloss
Publisher: Open Road Media
ISBN: 1504039378
Size: 38.79 MB
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The groundbreaking and revelatory tale of the most dangerous years of the Cold War and the two leaders who held the fate of the world in their hands. This bestselling history takes us into the tumultuous period from 1960 through 1963 when the Berlin Wall was built and the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis brought the United States and Soviet Union to the abyss. In this compelling narrative, author Michael Beschloss, praised by Newsweek as “the nation’s leading Presidential historian,” draws on declassified American documents and interviews with Kennedy aides and Soviet sources to reveal the inner workings of the CIA, Pentagon, White House, KGB, and politburo, and show us the complex private relationship between President John F. Kennedy and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev. Beschloss discards previous myths to show how the miscalculations and conflicting ambitions of those leaders caused a nuclear confrontation that could have killed tens of millions of people. Among the cast of characters are Robert Kennedy, Robert McNamara, Adlai Stevenson, Fidel Castro, Willy Brandt, Leonid Brezhnev, and Andrei Gromyko. The Bay of Pigs invasion, the Vienna Summit, the Berlin Crisis, and what followed are rendered with urgency and intimacy as the author puts these dangerous years in the context of world history. “Impressively researched and engrossingly narrated” (Los Angeles Times), The Crisis Years brings to vivid life a crucial epoch in a book that David Remnick of the New Yorker has called the “definitive” history of John F. Kennedy and the Cold War.

Chruschtschows Berlin Krise 1958 Bis 1963

Author: Gerhard Wettig
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
ISBN: 3486594702
Size: 46.51 MB
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Gerhard Wettig, einer der besten Kenner der sowjetischen Deutschlandpolitik nach 1945, führt die Berlin-Krise von 1958-63 auf eine einsame Entscheidung Chruschtschows zurück, der daher die Zentralfigur seiner Darstellung ist. Von hier aus untersucht Wettig die sowjetische Berlin-Politik, wobei der Antagonismus mit den Westmächten - vor allem mit den USA - im Vordergrund steht, während die west- und ostdeutschen Akteure Anhängsel der beiden Hauptmächte waren. Die Auswertung umfassender Quellen aus Beständen russischer und deutscher Archive ergibt, dass das Denken und Handeln Chruschtschows auf weiten Strecken von ganz anderen Vorstellungen bestimmt wurde, als der Westen seinerzeit angenommen hat.

Michael Beschloss On The Cold War

Author: Michael Beschloss
Publisher: Open Road Media
ISBN: 150405668X
Size: 30.17 MB
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Riveting accounts of the Cold War power struggles from the New York Times–bestselling author and “nation’s leading presidential historian” (Newsweek). The Crisis Years: A national bestseller on the complex relationship between President John F. Kennedy and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, this “definitive” history covers the tumultuous period from 1960 through 1963 when the Berlin Wall was built, and the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis brought the United States and Soviet Union to the brink of nuclear war (David Remnick, The New Yorker). “Impressively researched and engrossingly narrated.” —Los Angeles Times Mayday: On May Day 1960, Soviet forces downed a CIA U-2 spy plane flown by Francis Gary Powers, two weeks before a crucial summit. This forced President Dwight Eisenhower to decide whether to admit to Nikita Khrushchev—and the world—that he had secretly ordered the flight. Drawing on previously unavailable CIA documents, diaries, and letters, as well as the recollections of Eisenhower’s aides, Beschloss reveals the full high-stakes drama. “One of the best stories yet written about just how those grand men of diplomacy and intrigue conducted our business.” —Time At the Highest Levels: Cowritten with Strobe Talbott, At the Highest Levels exposes the complex negotiations between President George Bush and Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev. In December 1989, the Berlin Wall had fallen, millions across the Eastern Bloc were enjoying new freedoms, and the USSR was crumbling. But a peaceful end to the Cold War was far from assured, requiring an unlikely partnership, as the leaders of rival superpowers had to look beyond the animosities of the past and embrace an uncertain future. “Intimate and utterly absorbing.” —The New York Times

Amerikas Ungeschriebene Geschichte

Author: Oliver Stone
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843711704
Size: 23.32 MB
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WORUM GEHT ES? Amerikas Aufstieg zur Supermacht wird gemeinhin als heroische Geschichte erzählt. Im Mittelpunkt dieses Buches, das der amerikanische Filmregisseur Oliver Stone zusammen mit dem Historiker Peter Kuznick geschrieben hat, stehen die Schattenseiten dieses Aufstiegs: blutige Eroberungskriege, die Kolonisierung Lateinamerikas durch Großkonzerne, der Aufstieg von Großbanken als Kriegsgewinnler, Rassismus und Antisemitismus, der Abwurf von Atombomben ohne militärischen Nutzen, die brutale Kriegführung in Vietnam, Afghanistan und im Irak, die Inszenierung von Militärputschen in Lateinamerika und Afrika, Mord, Folter, Menschenrechtsverletzungen. Ein umfassendes Sündenregister, ein Schwarzbuch Amerika, eine Chronik der Unterdrückung, Ausbeutung und Versklavung. WAS IST BESONDERS? Kompetent und fundiert liefern Stone und Kuznick rechtzeitig zum kommenden Präsidentschaftswahlkampf eine kritische Bilanz der Schattenseiten von Amerikas Aufstieg zur Weltmacht. WER LIEST? • Alle, die Amerikas Rolle als Weltmacht kritisch sehen • Leser der Bücher von Peter Scholl-Latour, George Packer und Michael Moore

Berlin 1961

Author: Frederick Kempe
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 3641068959
Size: 31.37 MB
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Das Jahr, in dem die Mauer gebaut wurde 1961, der Höhepunkt der sogenannten Berlin-Krise, die Welt befindet sich am Rande eines Atomkriegs. Frederick Kempe erzählt auf der Basis neu zugänglicher Dokumente die atemberaubende Geschichte dieses Jahres, in dem Berlin der »gefährlichste Ort der Welt« war, wie Chruschtschow meinte. Ein Blick hinter die Kulissen der treibenden Mächte, eine faszinierende Darstellung der wichtigsten Protagonisten jener Zeit. Im Juni 1961 erneuerte der sowjetische Regierungschef Nikita Chruschtschow sein Berlin-Ultimatum und forderte unter anderem den Abzug der westalliierten Truppen aus der Stadt. Die USA unter ihrem Präsidenten Kennedy hielten diesen Forderungen eigene Bedingungen entgegen. Mit Walter Ulbricht auf der einen und Konrad Adenauer auf der anderen Seite standen sich auch die deutschen Staatschefs feindselig gegenüber und trugen zur Verschärfung der politischen Lage bei. In den folgenden Wochen und Monaten spitzte sich die Situation extrem zu, die Massenflucht aus der DDR nahm immer dramatischere Ausmaße an. Am 13. August schließlich wurde die Mauer durch Berlin gebaut, Ende Oktober richteten sowjetische und amerikanische Soldaten am Checkpoint Charlie ihre Panzer aufeinander. In diesem Moment war Berlin zur weltpolitischen Arena geworden, aus dem Kalten Krieg drohte ein heißer zu werden.

Mayday

Author: Michael Beschloss
Publisher: Open Road Media
ISBN: 150403936X
Size: 37.60 MB
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The “definitive” book on the U-2 episode and its disastrous impact on the future of the Cold War (Kirkus Reviews). On May Day 1960, Soviet forces downed a CIA spy plane flown deep into Soviet territory by Francis Gary Powers two weeks before a crucial summit. This forced President Dwight Eisenhower to decide whether, in an effort to save the meeting, to admit to Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev—and the world—that he had secretly ordered Powers’s flight, or to claim that the CIA could take such a significant step without his approval. In rich and fascinating detail, Mayday explores the years of U-2 flights, which Eisenhower deemed “an act of war,” the US government’s misconceived attempt to cover up the true purpose of the flight, Khrushchev’s dramatic revelation that Powers was alive and in Soviet custody, and the show trial that sentenced the pilot to prison and hard labor. From a U-2’s cramped cockpit to tense meetings in the Oval Office, the Kremlin, Camp David, CIA headquarters, the Élysée Palace, and Number Ten Downing Street, historian Michael Beschloss draws on previously unavailable CIA documents, diaries, and letters, as well as the recollections of Eisenhower’s aides, to reveal the full high-stakes drama and bring to life its key figures, which also include Richard Nixon, Allen Dulles, and Charles de Gaulle. An impressive work of scholarship with the dramatic pacing a spy thriller, Mayday “may be one of the best stories yet written about just how those grand men of diplomacy and intrigue conducted our business” (Time).

The Cold War

Author: Ronald E. Powaski
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199879583
Size: 45.87 MB
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For half of the twentieth century, the Cold War gripped the world. International relations everywhere--and domestic policy in scores of nations--pivoted around this central point, the American-Soviet rivalry. Even today, much of the world's diplomacy grapples with chaos created by the Cold War's sudden disappearance. Here indeed is a subject that defies easy understanding. Now comes a definitive account, a startlingly fresh, clear eyed, comprehensive history of our century's longest struggle. In The Cold War, Ronald E. Powaski offers a new perspective on the great rivalry, even as he provides a coherent, concise narrative. He wastes no time in challenging the reader to think of the Cold War in new ways, arguing that the roots of the conflict are centuries old, going back to Czarist Russia and to the very infancy of the American nation. He shows that both Russia and America were expansionist nations with messianic complexes, and the people of both nations believed they possessed a unique mission in history. Except for a brief interval in 1917, Americans perceived the Russian government (whether Czarist or Bolshevik) as despotic; Russians saw the United States as conspiring to prevent it from reaching its place in the sun. U.S. military intervention in Russia's civil war, with the aim of overthrowing Lenin's upstart regime, entrenched Moscow's fears. Soviet American relations, difficult before World War II--when both nations were relatively weak militarily and isolated from world affairs--escalated dramatically after both nations emerged as the world's major military powers. Powaski paints a portrait of the spiraling tensions with stark clarity, as each new development added to the rivalry: the Marshall Plan, the communist coup in Czechoslovakia, the Berlin blockade, the formation of NATO, the first Soviet nuclear test. In this atmosphere, Truman found it easy to believe that the Communist victory in China and the Korean War were products of Soviet expansionism. He and his successors extended their own web of mutual defense treaties, covert actions, and military interventions across the globe--from the Caribbean to the Middle East and, finally to Southeast Asia, where containment famously foundered in the bog of Vietnam. Powaski skillfully highlights the domestic politics, diplomatic maneuvers, and even psychological factors as he untangles the knot that bound the two superpowers together in conflict. From the nuclear arms race, to the impact of U.S. recognition of China on detente, to Brezhnev's inflexible persistence in competing with America everywhere, he casts new light on familiar topics. Always judicious in his assessments, Powaski gives due credit to Reagan and especially Bush in facilitating the Soviet collapse, but also notes that internal economic failure, not outside pressure, proved decisive in the Communist failure. Perhaps most important, he offers a clear eyed assessment of the lasting distortions the struggle wrought upon American institutions, raising questions about whether anyone really won the Cold War. With clarity, fairness, and insight, he offers the definitive account of our century's longest international rivalry.

Das Neue Russland

Author: Michail Gorbatschow
Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE
ISBN: 3732513777
Size: 33.97 MB
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Nach Jahren der Annäherung ist das Verhältnis zwischen Deutschland und Russland so angespannt wie seit mehr als 25 Jahren nicht mehr. Was Putin antreibt, warum er die Konfrontation mit dem Westen sucht und den Rückfall in den Kalten Krieg in Kauf nimmt, ist vielen ein Rätsel. Nicht Michail Gorbatschow. Mit einzigartiger Kennerschaft beschreibt er die Entstehung des "Systems Putin" und die Absichten dieses Mannes. Unverblümt rechnet er mit Putin ab. Dieser zerstöre um seiner eigenen Macht willen die Errungenschaften der Perestroika in Russland und errichte ein System ohne Zukunft. Deshalb fordert Gorbatschow ein neues politisches System für Russland, und er mahnt den Westen, nicht mit dem Feuer zu spielen. Ein wichtiges, ein notwendiges Buch, das neue Blickwinkel eröffnet - und das politische Vermächtnis des großen Mannes, der die deutsche Einheit mitermöglichte.