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The Cultural Contradictions Of Democracy

Author: John Brenkman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400827954
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Since 9/11, American foreign policy has been guided by grand ideas like tyranny, democracy, and freedom. And yet the course of events has played havoc with the cherished assumptions of hawks and doves alike. The geo-civil war afflicting the Muslim world from Lebanon through Iraq and Afghanistan to Pakistan confronts the West with the need to articulate anew what its political ideas and ideals actually are. In The Cultural Contradictions of Democracy, John Brenkman dissects the rhetoric that has corrupted today's political discourse and abused the idea of freedom and democracy in foreign affairs. Looking back to the original assumptions and contradictions that animate democratic thought, he attempts to resuscitate the language of liberty and give political debate a fresh basis amid the present global turmoil. The Cultural Contradictions of Democracy picks apart the intellectual design and messianic ambitions of the neoconservative American foreign policy articulated by figures such as Robert Kagan and Paul Berman; it casts the same critical eye on a wide range of liberal and leftist thinkers, including Noam Chomsky and Jürgen Habermas, and probes the severe crisis that afflicts progressive political thought. Brenkman draws on the contrary visions of Hobbes, Kant, Max Weber, Hannah Arendt, and Isaiah Berlin in order to disclose the new contours of conflict in the age of geo-civil war, and to illuminate the challenges and risks of contemporary democracy.

Stadt Landschaft Hybridit T

Author: Olaf Kühne
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531186620
Size: 46.45 MB
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In dem Buch werden die Einflussfaktoren untersucht, die die Entwicklung des Großraums Los Angeles wesentlich bestimmt haben. Dabei werden lokale Eigenlogiken ebenso betrachtet wie lokale Ausprägungen globaler Einflüsse. Basierend auf einer sozialkonstruktivistischen Landschaftstheorie wird danach gefragt, wie sich ästhetische Vorstellungen und von Angst geleitetes Handeln in den physischen Raum einschreiben. Die sozialkonstruktivistische Perspektive stellt insbesondere die sozialen Konstruktionsmechanismen in das Zentrum der Betrachtung.

Islamische Geschichte Und Deutsche Islamwissenschaft

Author: Bassam Tibi
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 383821093X
Size: 21.78 MB
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Fragen zum Islam sind in der politischen Debatte und im europäischen Alltag gegenwärtiger und drängender denn je. Zwar erfreut sich die deutsche Islamwissenschaft mitsamt ihren Untergliederungen in Arabistik, Turkologie, Iranistik etc. unter dem politischen Einfluss der islamischen Migration nach Europa einer zunehmenden Bedeutung durch die Gewährung immenser Drittmittel; sie ist jedoch seit ihren Anfängen in ideologischen Sichtweisen gefangen, aus denen sie sich bis heute nicht befreit hat. Die deutsche Islamwissenschaft ging vom Stereotyp des homo islamicus aus, einem starren kulturellen Image des Anderen, des Fremden, der in den rassistischen Anfängen unter Carl Heinrich Becker als unterlegener Untermensch gezeichnet und im gegenwärtigen anderen Extrem als ausschließlich positiv und in einer sogenannten Kultur der Ambiguität lebend betrachtet wird. Beide Sichtweisen, Verteufelung wie Verherrlichung des vermeintlichen homo islamicus, sind Schöpfungen der deutschen Islamwissenschaft, die mehr mit den deutschen Wissenschaftlern als mit ihrem Forschungsgegenstand zu tun haben und in der Folge wenig zu einem wirklichen Verständnis der islamischen Zivilisation beitragen. Ein solches erfordert neben einer ideologiefreien Herangehensweise insbesondere auch die Betrachtung der islamischen Geschichte im Rahmen einer historischen Sozialwissenschaft. Islamforschung muss mehr sein als eine Auseinandersetzung mit Theologie und Philologie, und kolonialistische Sichtweisen auf Muslime – gleich, ob negativ oder positiv – sind weder wissenschaftlich noch sinnvoll. Tibi fordert daher nicht weniger als einen Paradigmenwechsel in der Auseinandersetzung mit der islamischen Zivilisation: Zum einen eine vollständige Entkolonialisierung, zum anderen methodisch und inhaltlich das Anwenden historisch-sozialwissenschaftlicher und religionskritischer Analysen, die nicht den Anderen unzulässig auf sein ewigwährendes Anderssein festlegen, sondern Wandel miteinbeziehen. Tibis augenöffnende Analyse ist aktueller denn je und taucht viele Ereignisse des Tagesgeschehens in ein ganz anderes Licht. So betrachtet er in einem ausführlichen Schlusskapitel auch die gegenwärtigen Migrationsbewegungen aus dem islamischen Raum in einem welthistorischen Kontext.

Islam In Global Politics

Author: Bassam Tibi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136623922
Size: 32.45 MB
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Reaching beyond traditionally politicised scholarship to provide a unique perspective on the place of religion and culture in global and local politics, this book examines the impact of Islam on 'civilizational' relations between different groups and polities. Bassam Tibi takes a highly original approach to the topic of religion in world politics, exploring the place of Islam in society and its frequent distortion in world politics to the more radical Islamism. Looking at how this becomes an immediate source of tension and conflict between the secular and the religious, Tibi rejects the 'clash of civilizations' theory and argues for the revival of Islamic humanism to help bridge the gap. Chapters expand on: inter-civilizational conflict in global politics dialogue between religious and secular, East and West western concepts of Islamism euro-Islam and the Islamic diaspora in Europe Islamic humanism as a tool for bridging civilizations. Shedding new light on the highly topical subject of Islam in politics and society, this book is an essential read for scholars and students of international politics, Islamic studies and conflict resolution.

Freedom Of Speech And Islam

Author: Erich Kolig
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317132815
Size: 13.45 MB
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Freedom of speech and expression is considered in the West a high public good and an important social value, underpinned by legislative and ethical norms. Its importance is not shared to the same extent by conservative and devout Muslims, who read Islamic doctrines in ways seemingly incompatible with Western notions of freedom of speech. Since the Salman Rushdie affair in the 1980s there has been growing recognition in the West that its cherished value of free speech and associated freedoms relating to arts, the press and media, literature, academia, critical satire etc. episodically clash with conservative Islamic values that limit this freedom for the sake of holding religious issues sacrosanct. Recent controversies - such as the Danish cartoons, the Charlie Hebdo affair, Quran burnings, and the internet film ’The Innocence of Muslims’ which have stirred violent reactions in the Muslim world - have made the West aware of the fact that Muslims’ religious sensitivities have to be taken into account in exercising traditional Western freedoms of speech. Featuring experts across a spectrum of fields within Islamic studies, Freedom of Speech and Islam considers Islamic concepts of blasphemy, apostasy and heresy and their applicability in the modern world.

War Time

Author: Mary L. Dudziak
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199913471
Size: 34.18 MB
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On the surface, "wartime" is a period of time in which a society is at war. But we now live in what President Obama has called "an age without surrender ceremonies," where it is no longer easy to distinguish between times of war and times of peace. In this inventive meditation on war, time, and the law, Mary Dudziak argues that wartime is not as discrete a time period as we like to think. Instead, America has been engaged in some form of ongoing overseas armed conflict for over a century. Meanwhile policy makers and the American public continue to view wars as exceptional events that eventually give way to normal peace times. This has two consequences: first, because war is thought to be exceptional, "wartime" remains a shorthand argument justifying extreme actions like torture and detention without trial; and second, ongoing warfare is enabled by the inattention of the American people. More disconnected than ever from the wars their nation is fighting, public disengagement leaves us without political restraints on the exercise of American war powers.

Globalization Political Violence And Translation

Author: Esperanza Bielsa
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230218819
Size: 46.77 MB
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Written by leading scholars in a range of disciplines (from law, philosophy, politics and sociology to media studies and translation studies), this book provides key insights into the globalization of violence and the role of translation in this context, and includes detailed empirical analyses of media representations and translators accounts.