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The Decline Of Substance Use In Young Adulthood

Author: Jerald G. Bachman
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135643873
Size: 80.81 MB
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This book is intended as a thoughtful extension to Bachman et al.'s well-received monograph Smoking, Drinking, and Drug Use in Young Adulthood. That volume showed that the new freedoms of young adulthood lead to increases in substance use, while the responsibilities of adulthood--marriage, pregnancy, parenthood--contribute to declines in substance use. The Decline of Substance Use in Young Adulthood examines how the changes in social and religious experiences and in attitudes toward substance use observed among young adults are related to changes in substance use, family transitions, living arrangements, college experience, and employment. The research uses a variety of analysis techniques and is based on the nationwide Monitoring the Future surveys of more than 38,000 young people followed from high school into adulthood. The research covers the last quarter of the 20th century, a period when drug use and views about drugs underwent many important changes. In spite of these shifts, the overall patterns of relationships reported in this book are impressive in their consistency across time and in their general similarity for men and women. Specific questions addressed include the following: *As young adults experience new freedoms and responsibilities, do their attitudes about drugs change? *Do their religious views and behaviors shift? *Do their new freedoms and responsibilities affect the amount of time they spend in social activities, including going to parties and bars? *And how are any of these changes linked to changes in cigarette use, alcohol use, marijuana use, and cocaine use?

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook Of Addiction Psychopharmacology

Author: James MacKillop
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118384369
Size: 58.78 MB
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The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Addiction Psychopharmacology presents a comprehensive guide to contemporary research approaches to the study of drug addiction in adults. With a focus on empirically relevant research methods and nuanced methodologies, it provides practical tools to enable strong psychopharmacological practices. Contributions from experts in diverse domains offer reviews of the most current experimental methodologies, make recommendations for ‘best-practices', and identify future directions for the field. Topics covered include core methods for assessing drug effects, distal and proximal determinants of drug use, and insights from cognitive neuroscience. Compiled by a team of widely-published researchers in substance addiction, the Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Addiction Psychopharmacology is an authoritative, state-of-the-art collection of modern research approaches for the scientific study of drug addiction. Its multidisciplinary approach makes it a comprehensive and invaluable resource for all those in this field

Ending The Tobacco Problem

Author: Committee on Reducing Tobacco Use: Strategies, Barriers, and Consequences
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309109124
Size: 45.81 MB
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The nation has made tremendous progress in reducing tobacco use during the past 40 years. Despite extensive knowledge about successful interventions, however, approximately one-quarter of American adults still smoke. Tobacco-related illnesses and death place a huge burden on our society. Ending the Tobacco Problem generates a blueprint for the nation in the struggle to reduce tobacco use. The report reviews effective prevention and treatment interventions and considers a set of new tobacco control policies for adoption by federal and state governments. Carefully constructed with two distinct parts, the book first provides background information on the history and nature of tobacco use, developing the context for the policy blueprint proposed in the second half of the report. The report documents the extraordinary growth of tobacco use during the first half of the 20th century as well as its subsequent reversal in the mid-1960s (in the wake of findings from the Surgeon General). It also reviews the addictive properties of nicotine, delving into the factors that make it so difficult for people to quit and examines recent trends in tobacco use. In addition, an overview of the development of governmental and nongovernmental tobacco control efforts is provided. After reviewing the ethical grounding of tobacco control, the second half of the book sets forth to present a blueprint for ending the tobacco problem. The book offers broad-reaching recommendations targeting federal, state, local, nonprofit and for-profit entities. This book also identifies the benefits to society when fully implementing effective tobacco control interventions and policies.

Addiction Counseling Review

Author: Robert Holman Coombs
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135631352
Size: 15.15 MB
Format: PDF
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Addiction Counseling Review: Preparing for Comprehensive, Certification, and Licensing Examinations offers a clear, readable overview of the knowledge and skills those training as alcohol or other drug counselors need to pass their final degree program, certification, and licensing examinations. It is organized into six sections: Addiction Basics, Personality Development and Drugs, Common Client Problems, Counseling Theories and Skills, Treatment Resources, and Career Issues. Each chapter includes challenging study questions that enable readers to assess their own level of understanding, including true/false, multiple choice, and provocative discussion questions. Each chapter also provides a glossary of key terms and, in addition to references, annotated suggestions for further reading and Web site exploration. This book will be a resource to which students and trainees will go on referring to long after it has helped them through their examinations. In addition, faculty and established professionals will find it a useful one-stop summary of current thinking about best practice.

Diasporic Identity

Author: Anton L. Allahar
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN:
Size: 39.66 MB
Format: PDF
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This special issue begins with an analysis of the pros and cons of freedom of the human condition achieved by West Indians' ability to have multiple identifications--to "play the field," yet sustain a strong personal, participatory national identity. Next the ties that bind Africans together are discussed, such as common blood lines, common ethno-cultural experience, common collective memory, and common African origins. The third article explores the complex relationships among diasporic identity home, and marginality in the context of Rastafari philosophy and practice, followed by an article that views the formation of the uniquely Afro-Jamaican identity of "Colón Man" through oppositional narratives in Michael Thelwell's The Harder They Come. The issue concludes with a discussion of the geopolitics of identity through the popular literature, censorship, and the Spanish Media.

Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth And Young Adults

Author: United States. Public Health Service. Office of the Surgeon General
Publisher: U.S. Government Printing Office
ISBN:
Size: 70.96 MB
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This Surgeon General's Report details the causes and the consequences of tobacco use among youth and young adults by focusing on the social, environmental, advertising, and marketing influences that encourage youth and young adults to initiate and sustain tobacco use. This is the first time tobacco data on young adults as a discrete population have been explored in detail. The report also highlights successful strategies to prevent young people from using tobacco.

Developmental Psychopathology Risk Disorder And Adaptation

Author: Donald J. Cohen
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471237389
Size: 62.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Developmental Psychopathology, Volume 3, Risk, Disorder, and Adaptation provides a life span developmental perspective on "high-risk" conditions and mental disorders. Moreover, it examines developmental pathways to resilient adaptation in the face of adversity.