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The Detection Of Deception In Forensic Contexts

Author: Pär Anders Granhag
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521541572
Size: 34.43 MB
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One of the most fascinating sub-divisions within the rapidly growing field of psychology and law is the area of deception detection. Traditionally this area has been characterised by a number of approaches which have analysed different aspects of deception such as verbal content, non-verbal behaviour, and polygraph testing. The last few years' intensive research has resulted in an impressive corpus of new knowledge about issues such as cross-cultural deception, the detection of simulated amnesia and false confessions, lie-catching expertise and how best to train professionals in detecting deception. This book provides a state-of-the-art account of current research and practice, written by an international team of experts and will be a valuable resource for academics, students, practitioners and all professionals within the legal domain who need to tackle questions of credibility and reliability.

Detecting Deception

Author: Pär Anders Granhag
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118509668
Size: 78.70 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Detecting Deception offers a state-of-the-art guide to the detection of deception with a focus on the ways in which new cognitive psychology-based approaches can improve practice and results in the field. Includes comprehensive coverage of the latest scientific developments in the detection of deception and their implications for real-world practice Examines current challenges in the field - such as counter-interrogation strategies, lying networks, cross-cultural deception, and discriminating between true and false intentions Reveals a host of new approaches based on cognitive psychology with the potential to improve practice and results, including the strategic use of evidence, imposing cognitive load, response times, and covert lie detection Features contributions from internationally renowned experts

Psychological Science In The Courtroom

Author: Jennifer L. Skeem
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1606233912
Size: 18.42 MB
Format: PDF
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This rigorous yet reader-friendly book reviews the state of the science on a broad range of psychological issues commonly encountered in the forensic context. The goal is to help professionals and students differentiate between supported and unsupported psychological techniques--and steer clear of those that may be misleading or legally inadmissible. Leading contributors focus on controversial issues surrounding recovered memories, projective techniques, lie detection, child witnesses, offender rehabilitation, psychopathy, violence risk assessment, and more. With a focus on real-world legal situations, the book offers guidelines for presenting scientific evidence accurately and effectively in courtroom testimony and written reports.

Clinical Assessment Of Malingering And Deception Third Edition

Author: Richard Rogers
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1462507352
Size: 79.51 MB
Format: PDF
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Widely regarded as the standard reference in the field, this book provides essential tools for understanding and assessing malingering and other response styles in forensic and clinical contexts. An integrating theme is the systematic application of detection strategies as conceptually grounded, empirically validated methods that bridge different measures and populations. Special topics include considerations in working with children and youth. From leading practitioners and researchers, the volume reviews the scientific knowledge base and offers best-practice guidelines for maximizing the accuracy of psychological and psychiatric evaluations. ?

The Polygraph And Lie Detection

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309263921
Size: 11.13 MB
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The polygraph, often portrayed as a magic mind-reading machine, is still controversial among experts, who continue heated debates about its validity as a lie-detecting device. As the nation takes a fresh look at ways to enhance its security, can the polygraph be considered a useful tool? The Polygraph and Lie Detection puts the polygraph itself to the test, reviewing and analyzing data about its use in criminal investigation, employment screening, and counter-intelligence. The book looks at: The theory of how the polygraph works and evidence about how deceptivenessâ€"and other psychological conditionsâ€"affect the physiological responses that the polygraph measures. Empirical evidence on the performance of the polygraph and the success of subjects’ countermeasures. The actual use of the polygraph in the arena of national security, including its role in deterring threats to security. The book addresses the difficulties of measuring polygraph accuracy, the usefulness of the technique for aiding interrogation and for deterrence, and includes potential alternativesâ€"such as voice-stress analysis and brain measurement techniques.

Detecting Malingering And Deception

Author: Harold V. Hall
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420038761
Size: 23.25 MB
Format: PDF
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NOMINATED FOR THE MANFRED S. GUTTMACHER AWARD BY THE AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION Although advances in clinical/forensic theory and technology continue to elucidate our understanding of deception analysis, the current state of the art is crude in most applications. With new interviewing techniques, psychological tests and instruments, Detecting Malingering and Deception: Forensic Distortion Analysis, Second Edition takes the reader far beyond the basic differentiation between malingering versus defensiveness as the two modes of distortion. What's new in this edition? Virtually every chapter has been updated with new studies and investigations from the past decade. The latest information is provided in such areas as post-traumatic stress disorder, amnesia, competency, criminal responsibility, and risk assessment. Several new chapters address not only the development of deceptive behavior in children, adolescents, and the elderly, but even in nonhumans. This authoritative contribution offers the reader specific steps to conduct a meaningful and contemporary deception analysis. Moreover, acknowledging the numerous methods and professions involved, it suggests a framework for integrating data from multiple sources. Nominated for the Guttmacher Award by the American Psychiatric Association, Detecting Malingering and Deception: Forensic Distortion Analysis is the single most comprehensive and thorough rendering of distortion analysis to date.

Memory Detection

Author: Bruno Verschuere
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139496662
Size: 16.91 MB
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Traditional techniques for detecting deception, such as the 'lie-detector test' (or polygraph), are based upon the idea that lying is associated with stress. However, it is possible that people telling the truth will experience stress, whereas not all liars will. Because of this, the validity of such methods is questionable. As an alternative, a knowledge-based approach known as the 'Concealed Information Test' has been developed which investigates whether the examinee recognizes secret information - for example a crime suspect recognizing critical crime details that only the culprit could know. The Concealed Information Test has been supported by decades of research, and is used widely in Japan. This is the first book to focus on this exciting approach and will be of interest to law enforcement agencies and academics and professionals in psychology, criminology, policing and law.

Neuroimaging In Forensic Psychiatry

Author: Joseph R. Simpson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118313658
Size: 42.78 MB
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This important volume is the first to address the use of neuroimaging in civil and criminal forensic contexts and to include discussion of prior precedents and court decisions. Equally useful for practicing psychiatrists and psychologists, it reviews both the legal and ethical consideraitons of neuroimaging.

Communication In Investigative And Legal Contexts

Author: Gavin Oxburgh
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118769171
Size: 41.15 MB
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Communication in Forensic Contexts provides in-depth coverage of the complex area of communication in forensic situations. Drawing on expertise from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement worldwide, the text bridges the gap between these fields in a definitive guide to best practice. Offers best practice for understanding and improving communication in forensic contexts, including interviewing of victims, witnesses and suspects, discourse in courtrooms, and discourse via interpreters Bridges the knowledge gaps between forensic psychology, forensic linguistics and law enforcement, with chapters written by teams bringing together expertise from each field Published in collaboration with the International Investigative Interviewing Research Group, dedicated to furthering evidence-based practice and practice-based research amongst researchers and practitioners International, cross-disciplinary team includes contributors from North America, Europe and Asia Pacific, and from psychology, linguistics and forensic practice

Handbook Of Forensic Psychology

Author: William O'Donohue
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080495109
Size: 46.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Forensic psychology has mushroomed into a diverse and increasingly complex field that is equal parts law and psychology. Psychologists act as expert witnesses in legal cases - sometimes without knowing much about the laws involved, and legal professionals rely on the assessment of psychologists sometimes without knowing much about how such assessments are made. The purpose of this handbook is to provide professionals with current, practical, and empirically based information to guide their work in forensic settings, or to better their understanding of the issues and debates in forensic psychology. Divided into four sections, the Handbook of Forensic Psychology covers basic issues, assessment, mental disorders and forensic psychology, and special topics. The basic issue chapters present a primer on law for the psychologist, a primer on psychology for attorneys, an overview of ethical issues relevant to forensic psychology, and a chapter on forensic report writing. The assessment section discusses factors and measures relevant for assessing a variety of behaviors, propensities, and capabilities, including dangerousness, violence, suicide, competency, substance abuse, PTSD and neuropsychological evaluations, as well as discussing interviewing children and child custody evaluations. Additional chapters discuss eyewitness testimony, recovered memory, polygraphs, sexual harassment, juror selection, and issues of ethnicity in forensic psychology.