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The Development Of Language Processing Strategies

Author: Reiko Mazuka
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317781554
Size: 32.55 MB
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Ever since the notion of explanatory adequacy was promoted by Chomsky in his 1965 Aspects, linguists and psycholinguists have been in pursuit of a psychologically valid theory of grammar. To be explanatorily adequate, a theory of grammar can not only describe the general characteristics of a language but can also account for the underlying psychological processes of acquiring and processing that language. To be considered psychologically valid, a grammar must be learnable by ordinary children (the problem of acquisition) and must generate sentences that are parsable by ordinary people (the problem of processing). Ultimately, the fields of language acquisition and processing are concerned with the same goal: to build a theory that accounts for grammar as it is acquired by children; accessed in comprehension and production of speech; and represented within the human mind. Unfortunately, these two fields developed independently and have rarely been well-informed about each other's concerns. Both have experienced past difficulties as a result. Recently, new models have been developed with full consideration to cross-linguistic diversity. Gone are many of the basic assumptions of conventional models, and in their place a variety of innovative and more flexible assumptions have emerged. However, in their attempt to address cross-linguistic issues, these processing models have yet to fully address the developmental challenge: How can a child without a stable grammar process language and still manage to acquire new grammar? This book attempts to develop a model of language processing that addresses both cross-linguistic and developmental challenges. It proposes to link the setting of a basic configurational parameter during language acquisition to the different organization of processing strategies in left- and right-branching languages. Based primarily on Mazuka's doctoral dissertation, this volume incorporates various responses to the original proposal as well as the author's responses to the comments.

Child Language

Author: Barbara C. Lust
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139459279
Size: 12.77 MB
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The remarkable way in which young children acquire language has long fascinated linguists and developmental psychologists alike. Language is a skill that we have essentially mastered by the age of three, and with incredible ease and speed, despite the complexity of the task. This accessible textbook introduces the field of child language acquisition, exploring language development from birth. Setting out the key theoretical debates, it considers questions such as what characteristics of the human mind make it possible to acquire language; how far acquisition is biologically programmed and how far it is influenced by our environment; what makes second language learning (in adulthood) different from first language acquisition; and whether the specific stages in language development are universal across languages. Clear and comprehensive, it is set to become a key text for all courses in child language acquisition, within linguistics, developmental psychology and cognitive science.

Processing And Producing Head Final Structures

Author: Hiroko Yamashita
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048192137
Size: 72.28 MB
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This book is the first collection of studies on an important yet under-investigated linguistic phenomenon, the processing and production of head-final syntactic structures. Until now, the remarkable progress made in the field of human sentence processing had been achieved largely by investigating head-initial languages such as English. The goal of the present volume is to deepen our understanding by examining head-final languages and offering a comparison of those results to findings from head-initial languages. This book brings together cross-linguistic investigations of languages with prominent head-final structures such as Basque, Chinese, German, Japanese, Korean, and Hindi. It will inform readers of linguistics with both theoretical and experimental backgrounds, as it provides accounts of previous studies, offers experimentally-based theoretical discussions, and includes experimental stimuli in the original languages.

Insights Into Second Language Reading

Author: Keiko Koda
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521545136
Size: 71.89 MB
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Reading is a multi-faceted, complex construct, and its complexity increases in second-language reading. In this volume, the author provides an in-depth analysis of the multiple dimensions of second language reading, presenting syntheses of current research on first and second language reading. (Miswest).

Applying Theory And Research To Learning Japanese As A Foreign Language

Author: Masahiko Minami
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443806439
Size: 60.59 MB
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Complex issues surround second language acquisition and foreign language learning in any language. There is no doubt that individuals are capable of acquiring two or more languages at different stages of human development, particularly in childhood. Research investigating how adults acquire two languages also carries important insights into what takes place during later stages of human development. From the fact that early and late bilinguals are faced with two languages in diverse stages of cognitive development we can predict differences in language processing between these two groups. In the case of the Japanese language, unfortunately, far fewer studies — particularly those written in English — have been presented on foreign-language learners and bilingual children. Designed to address some of these gaps in the literature, the chapters included in this book discuss various issues with regard to adult learners of Japanese as an L2 and English-Japanese bilingual children. This book provides the reader with an overview of the field of Japanese linguistics and its current concerns. One of the main purposes of the book is to provide a forum in which to examine contributions in a variety of areas of Japanese linguistics to the teaching and learning of Japanese in the L2 classroom. This book has at least two interrelated areas of benefit. First, both researchers and teachers benefit from each other’s expertise and receive new insights that apply to their respective fields. Second and more important, the book serves as a forum to promote ways in which we can apply linguistic theory to the learning of Japanese as an L2. That is, what researchers have learned from both theory and practice can suggest what is important for the teaching of language; conversely, language educators have a great deal to offer linguists regarding the phenomenon of language. Thus, the goal of this book is to integrate theoretical concepts and empirical research findings in L2 development in order to apply them to educational practice.

Parameter Setting In Language Acquisition

Author: Dalila Ayoun
Publisher: Continuum International Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780826461889
Size: 33.61 MB
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Taking a Chomskeyan approach, this title provides both a general and broad overview of parameter-setting theory in first and second language acquisition and refines parameter-setting theory by revisiting and challenging the traditional assumptions that underlie it, based on crosslinguistic language data covering a range of phenomena.

Culture Specific Language Styles

Author: Masahiko Minami
Publisher: Multilingual Matters Limited
ISBN: 9781853595745
Size: 30.79 MB
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Communication skills are considered important for the development, preservation and transmission of culture to future generations, and incorporate the complex relationship between language and culture. This book focuses on an analysis of narratives by Japanese children. It also analyzes mother-child narratives and joint book-reading activities.