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The Dynamics Of Ancient Empires

Author: Ian Morris
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199888175
Size: 15.98 MB
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The world's first known empires took shape in Mesopotamia between the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf, beginning around 2350 BCE. The next 2,500 years witnessed sustained imperial growth, bringing a growing share of humanity under the control of ever-fewer states. Two thousand years ago, just four major powers--the Roman, Parthian, Kushan, and Han empires--ruled perhaps two-thirds of the earth's entire population. Yet despite empires' prominence in the early history of civilization, there have been surprisingly few attempts to study the dynamics of ancient empires in the western Old World comparatively. Such grand comparisons were popular in the eighteenth century, but scholars then had only Greek and Latin literature and the Hebrew Bible as evidence, and necessarily framed the problem in different, more limited, terms. Near Eastern texts, and knowledge of their languages, only appeared in large amounts in the later nineteenth century. Neither Karl Marx nor Max Weber could make much use of this material, and not until the 1920s were there enough archaeological data to make syntheses of early European and west Asian history possible. But one consequence of the increase in empirical knowledge was that twentieth-century scholars generally defined the disciplinary and geographical boundaries of their specialties more narrowly than their Enlightenment predecessors had done, shying away from large questions and cross-cultural comparisons. As a result, Greek and Roman empires have largely been studied in isolation from those of the Near East. This volume is designed to address these deficits and encourage dialogue across disciplinary boundaries by examining the fundamental features of the successive and partly overlapping imperial states that dominated much of the Near East and the Mediterranean in the first millennia BCE and CE. A substantial introductory discussion of recent thought on the mechanisms of imperial state formation prefaces the five newly commissioned case studies of the Neo-Assyrian, Achaemenid Persian, Athenian, Roman, and Byzantine empires. A final chapter draws on the findings of evolutionary psychology to improve our understanding of ultimate causation in imperial predation and exploitation in a wide range of historical systems from all over the globe. Contributors include John Haldon, Jack Goldstone, Peter Bedford, Josef Wieseh?fer, Ian Morris, Walter Scheidel, and Keith Hopkins, whose essay on Roman political economy was completed just before his death in 2004.

Rom

Author: Greg Woolf
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608107967
Size: 13.74 MB
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Rom hat die Welt unterworfen und sie zivilisatorisch und politisch geeint. Souverän und stilistisch bravourös schildert Greg Woolf, wie es gelang, diesen bis heute einzigen Weltstaat der Geschichte zu sichern und ihm Dauer zu verleihen: ein packender Parcours durch 1500 Jahre Weltgeschichte- das neue Standardwerk. Triumph und Leistungen einer Weltmacht: Greg Woolf, einer der international renommiertesten Historiker für das antike Rom, betrachtet die Geschichte der römischen Republik und Kaiserzeit als Einheit. Dadurch lässt er ganz Europa und die Mittelmeerwelt vor unseren Augen lebendig werden. Alle wichtigen Facetten der römischen Zivilisation kommen zur Sprache. Der Autor zeigt, wie das Römische Reich funktionierte, und stellt es in den Zusammenhang anderer Reiche von China bis Peru. Allerneueste archäologische und historische Erkenntnisse lassen den weltgeschichtlich einzigartigen Erfolg Roms in einem neuen Licht erscheinen. Nicht zuletzt geht es um die alles bedeutende Frage: Warum konnte gerade Rom unter allen uns bekannten Imperien so lange überdauern und eine derart unvergleichliche Wirkung ausüben – bis zum heutigen Tag?

Rome

Author: Greg Woolf
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199972176
Size: 62.15 MB
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The very idea of empire was created in ancient Rome and even today traces of its monuments, literature, and institutions can be found across Europe, the Near East, and North Africa--and sometimes even further afield. In Rome, historian Greg Woolf expertly recounts how this mammoth empire was created, how it was sustained in crisis, and how it shaped the world of its rulers and subjects--a story spanning a millennium and a half of history. The personalities and events of Roman history have become part of the West's cultural lexicon, and Woolf provides brilliant retellings of each of these, from the war with Carthage to Octavian's victory over Cleopatra, from the height of territorial expansion under the emperors Trajan and Hadrian to the founding of Constantinople and the barbarian invasions which resulted in Rome's ultimate collapse. Throughout, Woolf carefully considers the conditions that made Rome's success possible and so durable, covering topics as diverse as ecology, slavery, and religion. Woolf also compares Rome to other ancient empires and to its many later imitators, bringing into vivid relief the Empire's most distinctive and enduring features. As Woolf demonstrates, nobody ever planned to create a state that would last more than a millennium and a half, yet Rome was able, in the end, to survive barbarian migrations, economic collapse and even the conflicts between a series of world religions that had grown up within its borders, in the process generating an image and a myth of empire that is apparently indestructible. Based on new research and compellingly told, this sweeping account promises to eclipse all previously published histories of the empire.

Realia Byzantina

Author: Sofia Kotzabassi
Publisher: de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110222302
Size: 46.64 MB
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Dieser Sammelband vereinigt sechsundzwanzig Beiträge zur byzantinischen Literatur, in denen renommierte Byzantinisten Themen aus dem Bereich der Epistolografie, Historiografie, Hagiografie, Philologie und Prosopografie behandeln. Unter den untersuchten Texten bzw. Dokumenten finden sich etliche, die neu ediert worden sind.

Imperien

Author: Herfried Münkler
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644118213
Size: 78.75 MB
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Wodurch zeichnen sich Imperien aus? Welche Gefahren birgt eine imperiale Ordnung? Und welche Chancen bietet sie? Mit einem Mal sind diese Fragen nicht mehr nur von historischem Interesse. Die USA haben inzwischen eine Vormachtstellung inne, die viele für bedrohlich halten. Bestimmen die Politiker in Washington die Regeln, denen der Rest der Welt zu folgen hat? Oder gibt es eine Logik der Weltherrschaft, der auch sie sich beugen müssen? Herfried Münkler zeigt, wie ein Imperium funktioniert und welche Arten von Imperien es in der Vergangenheit gegeben hat. Ein souveräner Gang durch die Geschichte und zugleich die brillante Analyse eines hochaktuellen Themas.

Das Kolosseum

Author: Keith Hopkins
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783150186114
Size: 43.73 MB
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Geschichte des Kolosseums und seiner Nutzung bis in die heutige Zeit; mit einigen nützlichen Tipps zur Besichtigung.

Oswald Spenglers Kulturmorphologie

Author: Sebastian Fink
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658140410
Size: 41.83 MB
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Oswald Spenglers Kulturmorphologie diente als Ausgangspunkt einer internationalen und interdisziplinär angelegten Tagung, deren Beiträge in diesem Band vorliegen. Sie behandeln eine Vielfalt an Themen, die von der Menschwerdung, über die Kulturen des Altertums bis hin zu aktuellen politischen und sozialen Fragestellungen reichen. Schließlich sind auch Studien zur Spenglerforschung im engeren Sinne vertreten.