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The Economics Of Public Spending

Author: David Miles
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191593284
Size: 43.93 MB
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The Economics of Public Spending investigates the extent of government involvement in the economy, details its rational, and traces its historical record. The book unites articles previously published in Fiscal Studies, each one addressing a different area of expenditure and written by an economist specializing in that field. They describe both the data on public expenditure and the theory relevant to understanding the policy issues. A new introduction investigates the overall role of the public sector and discusses the general theory of public expenditure. In providing a detailed analysis of public expenditure, the book makes an important contribution to the economics literature. There are no other texts with this breadth of coverage or depth of analysis. Insights are provided into both the policy issues, cross-country comparisons of expenditure, and alternative approaches to economic analysis. The chapters apply the tools of orthodox public finance, public choice, modern public economics, and game theory to reach a range of policy proposals and conclusions. These demonstrate the range and potential of economic analysis when applied to these important issues.

The Economics Of Public Spending

Author: Hassan Bougrine
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781782543381
Size: 20.93 MB
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This text argues that in many jurisdictions free market advocates have resorted to pubic sector downsizing and privatization as a means of alleviating problems of unemployment and slow economic growth, and that, as a consequence, the strategy of reducing public deficits, balancing budgets and achieving surpluses has become widely accepted as the only road to prosperity.

Public Spending In The 20th Century

Author: Vito Tanzi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521664103
Size: 50.33 MB
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After a detailed account of reform experiences in several countries and the public debate regarding government reform, the study closes with an outlook on the future role of the state, a period when globalization may require and people may want "leaner" but not "meaner" states."--Jacket.

Economics Of Public Finance

Author: C. T. Sandford
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483297144
Size: 32.98 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The latest edition of this valuable book updates all previous material and incorporates much new material. It includes a consideration of the problems of and methods for controlling public spending, the relative merits of income tax and a direct expenditure tax, the changes required in the income tax unit, the petroleum revenue tax, the compliance costs of VAT and other new developments which have occurred since the second edition was published in 1978.

Public Expenditure In Nepal

Author: Dilli Raj Khanal
Publisher: Stosius Inc/Advent Books Division
Size: 79.67 MB
Format: PDF
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This Study Addresses Itself Essentially To Examining The Growth And Pattern Of Public Expanditure, Explaining Its Growth In Terms Of Both Demand And Supply Factors, Studying, Its Impact On The Economy, And Determining Policy Implications Of Short-Term Economic Stabilization And Long-Term Development. Stamped On The Title Page, Ex-Libris, Condition Good.

The Economics Of Public Finance

Author: Alan S. Blinder
Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Distri
Size: 15.32 MB
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This is the thirty-fifth volume in the Brookings Studies of Government Finance series. In the first of its four essays, "Analytical Foundations of Fiscal Policy," Alan S. Blinder of Princeton University and Robert M. Solow of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology survey the theoretical and empirical underpinnings of fiscal policy. After discussing how the influence of fiscal policy on macroeconomic activity ought to be assessed, the authors examine and find inadequate the dictum that government should balance the budget rather than the economy. They defend--again both theoretically and empirically--the efficacy of fiscal policy against the monetarist challenge. From an examination of the lags and uncertainties in the operation of fiscal policy and an analysis of the 1968-70 income tax surcharge, they conclude that, although much remains to be learned about the econometrics of policy multipliers, the post-surcharge experience in no way undermines the theoretical foundations of fiscal policy. Where the burdens of various taxes fall has been a matter of intense interest to economic theorists in the last twenty years. As public expenditures (and taxpayer resistance) rise, not only must policy makers try to distribute the burdens of taxation equitably, but they must also attempt to move toward national goals by judicious use of tax instruments. George F. Break of the University of California at Berkeley, in "The Incidence and Economic Effects of Taxation," a comprehensive review of recent tax literature, focuses on the theoretical studies that have helped to expand knowledge of tax incidence and the empirical studies that support newly developed hypotheses. In each area he surveys--the design of theoretical and general sales and income taxes; the effect of economic choices, both of individuals and businesses, on the national well-being--Break indicates the ground still to be covered and the potential benefits of further inquiry. In "Public Expenditure Budgeting," Peter O. Steiner of the University of Michigan explores the literature dealing with the hard questions underlying public expenditures. What is the public interest? How does the community decide whether the government should undertake or finance a given activity, instead of leaving it to a private action or inaction? On what basis should incremental expenditure decisions of governmental units be made? Steiner reviews the various approaches scholars have taken to the difficult questions surrounding the appropriateness of governmental provision of particular goods and services. Although he finds none of the models fully satisfactory, his work contributes to the debate concerning the process by which collective values are articulated and collective decisions come to be accepted as binding. Dick Netzer's "State-Local Finance and Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations" clarifies the debate that centered around the initial proposals for revenue sharing. The author, Dean of New York University's Graduate School of Public Administration, explores the appropriate distribution of responsibility for public services among federal, state, and local governments, the appropriate revenue systems for the subnational governments, and the appropriate means of coordinating the systems with the responsibilities.

Guidelines For Public Expenditure Management

Author: Barry H. Potter
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 9781557757876
Size: 51.67 MB
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Traditionally, economics training in public finances has focused more on tax than public expenditure issues, and within expenditure, more on policy considerations than the more mundane matters of public expenditure management. For many years, the IMF's Public Expenditure Management Division has answered specific questions raised by fiscal economists on such missions. Based on this experience, these guidelines arose from the need to provide a general overview of the principles and practices observed in three key aspects of public expenditure management: budget preparation, budget execution, and cash planning. For each aspect of public expenditure management, the guidelines identify separately the differing practices in four groups of countries - the francophone systems, the Commonwealth systems, Latin America, and those in the transition economies. Edited by Barry H. Potter and Jack Diamond, this publication is intended for a general fiscal, or a general budget, advisor interested in the macroeconomic dimension of public expenditure management.

Budgeting And The Management Of Public Spending

Author: Donald J. Savoie
Size: 29.88 MB
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This authoritative new volume contains a selection of the most important articles and papers spanning over 20 years on budgeting and managing public spending. It is divided into five succinct parts, covering the main areas of the field including the political-economic environment, approaches to expenditure budgeting and implementing the budget. Donald Savoie does not limit his examples to just one country budgeting and spending is discussed in a variety of countries, including the UK, Australia, New Zealand, America, Canada and Spain. He has also written a new introduction to accompany the piece. All those with an interest in government spending, budgeting and how finances are controlled will find this work which includes articles and papers not immediately accessible an essential reference tool.

Public Expenditure Analysis

Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821361443
Size: 73.86 MB
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Focuses on the public sector in developing countries. Provides tools of analysis for discovering equity in tax burdens as well as in public spending and judging government performance in its role in safeguarding the interests of the poor and disadvantaged. Outlines a framework for a rights-based approach to citizen empowerment - in other words, creating an institutional design with appropriate rules, restraints, and incentives to make the public sector responsive and accountable to an average voter.

The Treasury And Whitehall

Author: Colin Thain
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198277842
Size: 36.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Treasury is at the heart of British Government, responsible for deciding how much to spend and on what. Both the institution and the public expenditure process are the focus of The Treasury and Whitehall, a tour de force of contemporary policy analysis. Based on research undertaken with the co-operation of the Treasury and Whitehall departments, it shows how the key decisions of planning, allocating, and controlling public expenditure are made. With unique access to Treasury Expenditure Controllers and senior financial officials in the main spending departments, the book provides a detailed and authoritative account of the roles, relationships, and inter-actions of the key players in the Whitehall Expenditure Community as they confront each other in the annual rituals of the Expenditure Survey. Thain and Wright explain how the rules of the expenditure game were re-drawn in the 1980s in the relentless search for cuts, greater economy and efficiency in the design and delivery of public services, and the creation of a more enterprising administrative culture. The authors explain how and why the Treasury was rarely able to impose its constitutional authority to stem the tide of rising public expenditure through the turbulent years of the Thatcher and Major Governments. They show that the Treasury is locked into a system of mutually constrained power-relationships with the Whitehall departments, and obliged to negotiate discretionary authority to control their spending.