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The Evolution Of International Society

Author: Adam Watson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134056117
Size: 45.99 MB
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`This is a real feast of a book. ... a landmark book. It is clear enough to be used as a teaching text, and could make an excellent introduction to the discipline for those courageous enough to revise their courses.' International Affairs `This is a bold, successful and valuable book... It is written with admirable clarity and merciful conciseness.' International Relations `A stunning success. Watson's book is a masterful piece of theoretical and historical analysis.' John A. Vasquez, Rutgers University Adam Watson, who died in 2007, was a former diplomat who in his later academic career became a pioneer of the discipline of international relations. Originally published in 1992, The Evolution of International Society made a major contribution to international theory and to our perception of how relations between states operate, and established Watson’s place within the canon. This acclaimed and uniquely comprehensive work explains how international societies function across time, starting by examining the ancient state systems before turning to look in detail at the current worldwide international society. The book demonstrates that relations between states are not normally anarchic, but are in fact organized and regulated by elaborate rules and practices. In this timely reissue, a new introduction by Barry Buzan and Richard Little assesses Adam Watson's career as a diplomat and examines how his work as a practitioner shaped his subsequent thinking about the nature of international society. It then contextualises Watson's original work, situates it alongside current work in the area and identifies the originality of Watson's key arguments, helping us to understand Watson’s place within the canon.

Rethinking Power Institutions And Ideas In World Politics

Author: Amitav Acharya
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134636040
Size: 69.81 MB
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The study of international relations, has traditionally been dominated by Western ideas and practices, and marginalized the voice and experiences of the non-Western states and societies. As the world moves to a "post-Western" era, it is imperative that the field of IR acquires a more global meaning and relevance. Drawing together the work of renowned scholar Amitav Acharya and framed by a new introduction and conclusion written for the volume, this book exposes the narrow meaning currently attached to some of the key concepts and ideas in IR, and calls for alternative and broader understandings of them. The need for recasting the discipline has motivated and undergirded Acharya's own scholarship since his entry into the field over three decades ago. This book reflects his own engagement, quarrels and compromise and concludes with suggestions for new pathways to a Global IR- a forward-looking and inclusive enterprise that is reflective of the multiple and global heritage of IR in an changing and interconnected world. It is essential reading for anyone who is concerned about the history, development and future of international relations and international relations theory.

Opting Out Of The European Union

Author: Rebecca Adler-Nissen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107043212
Size: 22.43 MB
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This book provides the first in-depth account of how European Union opt-outs and differentiated integration work in practice.

Segredos Da Propaganda Anticomunista

Author: GERALDO CANTARINO
Publisher: Mauad Editora Ltda
ISBN: 8574784494
Size: 36.13 MB
Format: PDF
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O livro exibe pela primeira vez documentos diplomáticos britânicos sobre as atividades de propaganda anticomunista realizadas no Brasil pelo IRD. Estabelecido em 1948 e fechado em 1977, o IRD (Information Research Department ou Departamento de Pesquisa de Informações) foi uma unidade secreta do governo do Reino Unido com a missão de combater a propaganda soviética e a influência do comunismo, principalmente em países do Terceiro Mundo, durante a Guerra Fria. Para atingir seus objetivos, especialistas ingleses em espionagem, inteligência e propaganda colocaram em prática toda a carga de experiência adquirida nos tempos de guerra. O IRD realizava, basicamente, dois tipos de operação: reunir informações sobre atividades comunistas e disseminar material de propaganda antissoviética e pró-britânica para a imprensa e formadores de opinião. Assim, livros, revistas, folhetos, boletins, artigos, charges e conteúdo radiofônico foram produzidos, compilados e distribuídos para vários países. No Brasil, esse material era recebido, processado e traduzido por oficiais especialmente treinados na Embaixada britânica no Rio de Janeiro e nos Consulados em São Paulo e Recife. Resultado de uma pesquisa no arquivo oficial do governo do Reino Unido, em Londres, o livro comprova a atuação secreta do IRD no país, aliando-se à cruzada anticomunista norte-americana e somando esforços à propaganda antissubversiva articulada por instituições nacionais. Segredos da Propaganda Anticomunista reúne, de forma inédita, correspondências e relatórios que revelam os principais contatos do IRD em organizações civis, acadêmicas, religiosas e governamentais no Brasil e como os oficiais britânicos conseguiram plantar centenas de artigos, habilmente escritos e cuidadosamente distribuídos, em cerca de cinquenta veículos brasileiros por mais de duas décadas.

Homo Sacer

Author: Giorgio Agamben
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 351878420X
Size: 64.51 MB
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Der homo sacer ist die Verkörperung einer archaischen römischen Rechtsfigur: Zwar durfte er straflos getötet, nicht aber geopfert werden, was auch seine Tötung sinnlos und ihn gleichsam unberührbar machte – woraus sich der Doppelsinn von sacer als ›verflucht‹ und ›geheiligt‹ ableitet. Giorgio Agamben stellt im Anschluß an Foucault und als philosophische Korrektur von dessen Konzept der Biopolitik die These auf, daß Biopolitik, indem sie den Menschen auf einen biologischen Nullwert zurückzuführen versucht, das nackte Leben zum eigentlichen Subjekt der Moderne macht. Ausgehend von Carl Schmitts Souveränitätskonzept, kommt Agamben zu einer Interpretation des Konzentrationslagers als »nomos der Moderne«, wo Recht und Tat, Regel und Ausnahme, Leben und Tod ununterscheidbar werden. In den zwischen Leben und Tod siechenden Häftlingen, aber auch in den Flüchtlingen von heute sieht er massenhaft real gewordene Verkörperungen des homo sacer und des nackten Lebens. Die philosophische Begründung dessen, daß diese Möglichkeit keineswegs nur historisch ist, hat eine Diskussion entfacht, die weit über Italien und Europa hinausreicht.

Beobachtungen Der Moderne

Author: Niklas Luhmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322936171
Size: 63.64 MB
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Die Proklamation der "Postmoderne" hatte mindestens ein Verdienst. Sie hat bekannt gemacht, daß die moderne Gesellschaft das Vertrauen in die Richtigkeit ihrer eigenen Selbstbeschreibungen verloren hat. Vielleicht hatte das Stichwort der Postmoderne nur eine andere, variantenreichere Beschreibung der Moderne versprechen wollen, die ihre eigene Einheit nur noch negativ vorstellen kann als Unmöglichkeit eines métarécit. Wir mögen gern konzedieren, daß es keine verbindliche Repräsentation der Gesellschaft in der Gesellschaft gibt. Aber das wäre dann nicht das Ende, sondern der Beginn einer Reflexion der Form von Selbstbeobachtungen und Selbstbeschreibungen eines Systems, die im System selbst vorgeschlagen und durchgesetzt werden müssen in einem Prozeß, der seinerseits wieder beobachtet und beschrieben wird.Die hier publizierten Texte gehen von der Überzeugung aus, daß darüber etwas ausgesagt werden kann, ja, daß Theoriematerialien schon verfügbar sind, die nur auf dieses Thema der Beobachtungen der Moderne hingeführt werden müssen.