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The Executive Unbound

Author: Eric A. Posner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199831753
Size: 20.17 MB
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Ever since Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. used "imperial presidency" as a book title, the term has become central to the debate about the balance of power in the U.S. government. Since the presidency of George W. Bush, when advocates of executive power such as Dick Cheney gained ascendancy, the argument has blazed hotter than ever. Many argue the Constitution itself is in grave danger. What is to be done? The answer, according to legal scholars Eric Posner and Adrian Vermeule, is nothing. In The Executive Unbound, they provide a bracing challenge to conventional wisdom, arguing that a strong presidency is inevitable in the modern world. Most scholars, they note, object to today's level of executive power because it varies so dramatically from the vision of the framers. But there is nothing in our system of checks and balances that intrinsically generates order or promotes positive arrangements. In fact, the greater complexity of the modern world produces a concentration of power, particularly in the White House. The authors chart the rise of executive authority straight through to the Obama presidency. Political, cultural and social restraints, they argue, have been more effective in preventing dictatorship than any law. The executive-centered state tends to generate political checks that substitute for the legal checks of the Madisonian constitution.

The Age Of Deference

Author: David Rudenstine
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019938150X
Size: 57.39 MB
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In October 1948-one year after the creation of the U.S. Air Force as a separate military branch-a B-29 Superfortress crashed on a test run, killing the plane's crew. The plane was constructed with poor materials, and the families of the dead sued the U.S. government for damages. In the case, the government claimed that releasing information relating to the crash would reveal important state secrets, and refused to hand over the requested documents. Judges at both the U.S. District Court level and Circuit level rejected the government's argument and ruled in favor of the families. However, in 1953, the Supreme Court reversed the lower courts' decisions and ruled that in the realm of national security, the executive branch had a right to withhold information from the public. Judicial deference to the executive on national security matters has increased ever since the issuance of that landmark decision. Today, the government's ability to invoke state secrets privileges goes unquestioned by a largely supine judicial branch. David Rudenstine's The Age of Deference traces the Court's role in the rise of judicial deference to executive power since the end of World War II. He shows how in case after case, going back to the Truman and Eisenhower presidencies, the Court has ceded authority in national security matters to the executive branch. Since 9/11, the executive faces even less oversight. According to Rudenstine, this has had a negative impact both on individual rights and on our ability to check executive authority when necessary. Judges are mindful of the limits of their competence in national security matters; this, combined with their insulation from political accountability, has caused them in matters as important as the nation's security to defer to the executive. Judges are also afraid of being responsible for a decision that puts the nation at risk and the consequences for the judiciary in the wake of such a decision. Nonetheless, The Age of Deference argues that as important as these considerations are in shaping a judicial disposition, the Supreme Court has leaned too far, too often, and for too long in the direction of abdication. There is a broad spectrum separating judicial abdication, at one end, from judicial usurpation, at the other, and The Age of Deference argues that the rule of law compels the court to re-define its perspective and the legal doctrines central to the Age.

Au Enpolitische Kompetenzen Der Exekutive Im Deutschamerikanischen Vergleich

Author: Martin Mehner
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656299501
Size: 35.80 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2013 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Systeme - Allgemeines und Vergleiche, Note: 2,3, Technische Universität Chemnitz (Politikwissenschaft), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: 1. Einleitung 2. US-Präsident 3. Die Rolle des deutschen Bundeskanzlers in der Außenpolitik Deutschlands 4. Vergleich der Kompetenzen von Bundeskanzler und US-Präsident bezüglich möglicher Auslandseinsätze der Streitkräfte des jeweiligen Landes 5. Schlussbetrachtung

Abschied F R Anf Nger

Author: Anne Tyler
Publisher: Kein & Aber AG
ISBN: 3036992006
Size: 54.50 MB
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Als Aaron Dorothy kennenlernt, eine schlagfertige, selbstbewusste Ärztin, ist es für ihn, als ob ein frischer Wind durch sein Leben wehen würde. Die beiden heiraten bald und führen eine glückliche Ehe. Doch Dorothy wird von einem Baum, der auf ihr Haus stürzt, getroffen und stirbt - und Aaron, Mitte dreißig, erstarrt in Trauer. Nur ihre Rückkehr von den Toten - die erstaunlicherweise niemand sonst wahrzunehmen scheint - hilft ihm, über die Runden zu kommen. Während er seiner Arbeit als Lektor von "Handbüchern für Anfänger" nachgeht, beginnt er zu verstehen, dass er selbst ein Anfänger ist: Er muss Schritt für Schritt lernen, was es heißt, Abschied zu nehmen.

Crashed

Author: Adam Tooze
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 3641192773
Size: 11.87 MB
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Zehn Jahre danach: Der Finanzcrash und seine dramatischen Folgen Als die US-Großbank Lehman Brothers im September 2008 zusammenbrach, war dies der Tiefpunkt der Banken- und Finanzkrise. Und obwohl der totale Kollaps der Weltwirtschaft damals verhindert wurde, ist die Finanzkrise noch lange nicht Geschichte, wie der britische Historiker Adam Tooze zeigt. Er schildert, wie es zu dieser Krise der Finanzmärkte kam und welche dramatischen Folgen sie bis heute hat. Denn nicht nur ist durch die Finanzkrise die Stabilität Europas ins Wanken geraten, sie hat auch das Vertrauen in die Kraft der globalen Wirtschaftsordnung erschüttert – und so zum Aufstieg der Populisten beigetragen.

Targeting Americans

Author: H. Jefferson Powell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190492864
Size: 19.68 MB
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Targeting Americans: The Constitutionality of the U.S. Drone War focuses on the legal debate surrounding drone strikes, the use of which has expanded significantly under the Obama Presidency as part of the continuing war against terror. Despite the political salience of the legal questions raised by targeted killing, the author asserts that there has been remarkably little careful analysis of the fundamental legal question: the constitutionality of the policy. From a position of deep practical expertise in constitutional issues, Prof. Powell provides a dispassionate and balanced analysis of the issues posed by U.S. targeted killing policy, using the killing of Anwar al-Awlaki in September 2011 as a focus for discussion. While Powell concludes that the al-Awlaki strike was constitutional under 2001 legislation, he rejects the Obama administration's broader claims of authority for its drone policies. Furthermore, he argues, citizens acting as combatants in al-Qaeda and associated groups are not entitled to due process protections: by due process standards, the administration's procedures are legally inadequate. A fundamental theme of the book is that the conclusion that an action or policy is constitutional should not be confused with claims about its wisdom, morality, or legality under international norms. Part of the purpose of constitutional analysis is to draw attention to these other normative concerns and not, as is too often the case, to occlude them.

Ber Die Revolution

Author: Hannah Arendt
Publisher: Piper ebooks
ISBN: 3492964451
Size: 16.30 MB
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Die globalen Veränderungen der letzten Jahrzehnte und das Ende des Kalten Krieges werfen ein neues Licht auf Hannah Arendts Schrift »Über die Revolution«. Arendt analysiert in dieser brillanten Studie eines der erstaunlichsten Phänomene des 20. Jahrhunderts: Ausgehend von der amerikanischen und der Französischen Revolution, untersucht sie die Ablösung des Krieges als Mittel der gewaltsamen Veränderung durch die Revolution.

F R Einen Linken Populismus

Author: Chantal Mouffe
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518759868
Size: 12.71 MB
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Kann es das geben, einen guten, linken Populismus? Chantal Mouffe vertritt die Auffassung, dass dies möglich und sogar notwendig ist – eine Position, die ihr auch Kritik eingetragen hat. Führt das nicht zu einer gefährlichen Emotionalisierung? Läuft das nicht ebenfalls auf eine Unterscheidung zwischen gutem Volk und bösem Establishment hinaus? Politik, so Mouffe, funktioniere nun einmal über konfrontative Wir/sie-Konstruktionen; und ja, es gebe eine Art »Oligarchie«, die eine Verwirklichung demokratischer und ökologischer Ziele verhindere. Dies mache klare politische Alternativen und neue progressive Allianzen erforderlich. Eine so präzise wie provokante Intervention, die angesichts der Krise sozialliberaler Parteien und der Debatte um »Identitätspolitik« für Gesprächsstoff sorgen wird.