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The Family Context Of Parenting In Children S Adaptation To Elementary School

Author: Philip A. Cowan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135637083
Size: 56.53 MB
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The Family Context of Parenting in Children's Adaptation to Elementary School is a result of a longitudinal prevention study of 100 families begun the year before their first children entered kindergarten. Each family went through an assessment and then a subset was randomly chosen for group intervention. The children in both groups were then studied as they progressed through kindergarten and first grade to assess the quality of their adaptation to the school environment. The text focuses on how parent-child relationships are only one determinant of a child's academic competence, social competence, and behavior. Rather, these relationships must be understood in the context of the role they play within the family as a system. It also addresses the recent challenges to claims about the impact of parents on their children's development. The book sheds additional light on family influences within the larger social environment as a key determinant of the quality of children's adjustment to schooling. It appeals to scientists, professionals, and parents alike.

Parenting Plan Evaluations

Author: Kathryn Kuehnle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199921253
Size: 64.56 MB
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When conducting parenting plan evaluations, mental health professionals need to be aware of a myriad of different factors. More so than in any other form of forensic evaluation, they must have an understanding of the most current findings in developmental research, behavioral psychology, attachment theory, and legal issues to substantiate their opinions. As such there is an essential need for a text focused on translating and implementing research associated with the most important topics within the family court. This book addresses this gap in the literature by presenting an organized and in-depth analysis of the current research and offering specific recommendations for applying these findings to the evaluation process. Written by experts in the child custody arena, chapters cover issues associated with the most important and complex issues that arise in family court, such as attachment and overnight timesharing with very young children, dynamics between divorced parents and children's potential for resiliency, co-parenting children with chronic medical conditions and developmental disorders, domestic violence during separation and divorce, gay and lesbian co-parents, and relocation, among others. The scientific information provided in these chapters assists forensic mental health professionals to proffer empirically-based opinions, conclusions and recommendations. Parenting Plan Evaluations is a must-read for legal practitioners, family law judges and attorneys, and other professionals seeking to understand more about the science behind child custody evaluations.

How Couple Relationships Shape Our World

Author: Andrew Balfour
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429900368
Size: 61.45 MB
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This book is about the importance of the couple relationship in the broadest terms. It draws on clinical researches into the inner lived world of adult couples, empirical developmental research into children and parenting, as well as the legal setting when relationships break down. It aims to bridge the inner and outer worlds, showing how our most intimate relationships have vital importance at all levels, from the individual and the family, to the social setting - and explores the implications for practice and policy. Above all, it is a book about applications of clinical thinking linked with research knowledge, as tools for front line workers and policy makers alike. It draws on the tradition of applied clinical thinking and research of the Tavistock Centre for Couple Relationships, linking current thinking with the history of ideas in each area it covers, as well as considering implications for the future.

Parenting And The Child S World

Author: John G. Borkowski
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135648506
Size: 11.82 MB
Format: PDF
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Stimulated by the publication of The Nurture Assumption by Judith Rich Harris, Parenting and the Child's World was conceived around the notion that there are multiple sources of influence on children's development, including parenting behavior, family resources, genetic and other biological factors, as well as social influences from peers, teachers, and the community at large. The text's 39 contributors search for when, where, and how parenting matters and the major antecedents and moderators of effective parenting. The chapters focus on the major conceptual issues and empirical approaches that underlie our understanding of the importance of parenting for child development in academic, socio-emotional, and risk-taking domains. Additional goals are to show how culture and parenting are interwoven, to chart future research directions, and to help parents and professionals understand the implications of major research findings.

Parenting Matters

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309388570
Size: 79.30 MB
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Decades of research have demonstrated that the parent-child dyad and the environment of the familyâ€"which includes all primary caregiversâ€"are at the foundation of children’s well- being and healthy development. From birth, children are learning and rely on parents and the other caregivers in their lives to protect and care for them. The impact of parents may never be greater than during the earliest years of life, when a child’s brain is rapidly developing and when nearly all of her or his experiences are created and shaped by parents and the family environment. Parents help children build and refine their knowledge and skills, charting a trajectory for their health and well-being during childhood and beyond. The experience of parenting also impacts parents themselves. For instance, parenting can enrich and give focus to parents’ lives; generate stress or calm; and create any number of emotions, including feelings of happiness, sadness, fulfillment, and anger. Parenting of young children today takes place in the context of significant ongoing developments. These include: a rapidly growing body of science on early childhood, increases in funding for programs and services for families, changing demographics of the U.S. population, and greater diversity of family structure. Additionally, parenting is increasingly being shaped by technology and increased access to information about parenting. Parenting Matters identifies parenting knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with positive developmental outcomes in children ages 0-8; universal/preventive and targeted strategies used in a variety of settings that have been effective with parents of young children and that support the identified knowledge, attitudes, and practices; and barriers to and facilitators for parents’ use of practices that lead to healthy child outcomes as well as their participation in effective programs and services. This report makes recommendations directed at an array of stakeholders, for promoting the wide-scale adoption of effective programs and services for parents and on areas that warrant further research to inform policy and practice. It is meant to serve as a roadmap for the future of parenting policy, research, and practice in the United States.

Promoting Positive Parenting

Author: Femmie Juffer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136676554
Size: 67.10 MB
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This book illuminates the successful implementations of one of the few evidence-based parenting intervention programs. More than 20 years ago the editors began experimenting with videotaping parental behavior in order to enhance parents' sensitivity to their children’s signals. This new book presents the outcome of this effort. Video-feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Parenting (VIPP) is a brief and focused parenting intervention program that has been successful in a variety of clinical and non-clinical groups and cultures. The book opens with an introdcution to the VIPP program and the theoretical background of this parenting intervention, followed by a narrative and meta-analytical review of the attachment-based interventions. The book continues with detailed descriptions and case reports of several intervention studies of the program. It describes the implementation and testing of a variety of VIPP based interventions highlighting different families in a variety of childcare settings, and in various countries including the Netherlands, Italy, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Chapters present how the VIPP approach was implemented in samples of insecure mothers, mothers with eating disorders, preterm infants, adopted children, and children with early behavior problems.

Mothers And Fathers Judgments About Young Girls And Boys Autonomy

Author: Dana Erhard-Weiss
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 47.83 MB
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This study examined how mothers and fathers reason about young children's autonomy and personal discretion. Since fathers' ideas about these issues remain unexplored, the goal of the present study was to assess both fathers and mothers conceptions of young children's areas of personal choice, as well as to analyze the effect of child's gender on those conceptions. Seventy-seven upper-middle class White American mothers (n=39) and fathers (n=38) of children ages 3-5, half girls and half boys, were individually interviewed regarding their judgments about a set of hypothetical scenarios depicting daily life conflictual interactions between a preschool age child's action or desires and his/her parent's expectations. Parents evaluated and justified differently children's expression of resistance to their authority or expectations as a function of whether the child's action was perceived to be a moral, a conventional, or a personal matter. While parents treated moral and conventional scenarios as issues that parent should control based on moral and conventional concerns, they allow for children's assertions and decision-making around personal issues. Fathers tended to be more conventional in their thinking on parental authority and autonomy issues than mothers. However, both mothers' and fathers' judgments reflect concerns for the development of children's personal autonomy along with acknowledgment of parental responsibilities to regulate children's social and moral behaviors. Child's gender was not found to affect parents' judgment about autonomy issues for preschool age.

Strengthening Couple Relationships For Optimal Child Development

Author: Marc S. Schulz
Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn
ISBN:
Size: 42.58 MB
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This volume presents cutting-edge research and theory on couple relationships, with an emphasis on the implications for child development. It brings together developmental psychopathology experts, couple relationship researchers, and clinician-researchers who have developed innovative preventive couple interventions. Divided into three parts, this book demonstrates the influence of couple relationships on parenting processes and child development; explores the determinants of couple functioning, relationship satisfaction, and relationship stability; and highlights innovative couples- or family-based interventions designed to promote strong couple relationships, stable families, and healthy child development. It also addresses the policy and clinical training implications of the intervention studies. With its diversity of theoretical perspectives--including attachment, family systems, developmental, and social learning frameworks--this book will be an invaluable resource for clinicians, researchers, and family and health policy professionals.

Socioeconomic Status Parenting And Child Development

Author: Marc H. Bornstein
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135634017
Size: 67.79 MB
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Socioeconomic Status, Parenting, and Child Development presents cutting-edge thinking and research on linkages among socioeconomic status, parenting, and child development. The contributors represent an array of different disciplines, and approach the issues from a variety of perspectives. Accordingly, their "take" on how SES matters in the lives of children varies. This volume is divided into two parts. Part I concerns the constructs and measurement of SES and Part II discusses the functions and effects of SES. Each part presents four substantive chapters on the topic followed by an interpretive and constructively critical commentary. The chapters--considered as a whole--attest to the value of systematically examining the components of SES and how each flows through an array of specific parenting practices and resources both within and outside the home environment to help shape the course of child development. The result is a more fully delineated picture of how SES impacts the lives of children in the 21st century--a picture that contains a road map for the next generation of studies of SES and its role in the rapidly evolving ecology of family life.