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The Federal Budget Deficit

Author: Susan Hunnicutt
Publisher: Greenhaven Pr
Size: 54.29 MB
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Essays debate the causes, repercussions, ethics, and importance of the United States budget deficit and suggests possible solutions.

The Economics Of The Federal Budget Deficit

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The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates that the federal budget deficit for FY2006 was $247.6 billion, a decline from the $318.3 billion deficit recorded in FY2005. The CBO baseline deficit projection for FY2007 is $172 billion. Over fairly short periods of time, say three or four years, fiscal policy can affect the rate of economic growth by adding to, or subtracting from, aggregate demand. For a time, the effect on the economy may even be larger than the initial change in the budget. These effects, however, tend eventually to diminish because of either higher interest rates or rising prices. Estimates of the multiplier effect on the economy of a change in fiscal policy vary, but most of them suggest that it reaches a peak somewhere between one and one-and-a-half times size of the change in the budget. In most economic models, that peak effect is realized within one or two years of the initial change in policy. One measure economists use to assess fiscal policy is the structural, or standardized-employment, budget. This measure estimates, at a given time, what outlays, receipts, and the surplus or deficit would be if the economy were at full employment. Although the actual budget was in surplus beginning in 1998, the standardized measure first registered a balanced budget in 1999. Between 1992 and 2000, the actual budget surplus increased from -4.7% (a deficit of 4.7%) to 2.4% of gross domestic product (GDP), a shift of 7.1 percentage points. During the same period, the standardized measure rose from -2.9% to 1.1% of GDP. That suggests that a little more than half of the shift was the result of changes in policy, and a little less than half was attributable to the economic expansion. Between 2000 and 2006, the actual surplus fell from 2.4% to -1.9% of GDP, whereas the standardized measure fell from 1.1% to -2.2% of GDP.

Red Ink

Author: Gary R. Evans
Publisher: Academic Pr
Size: 49.87 MB
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This descriptive, nonpartisan, and ideologically neutral approach to the U.S. federal budget provides a clear and detailed explanation of the intricacies of the budget, its history, and the institutional details that create it. Red Ink offers a complete guide to the federal government's budget, its deficit, and its debt. Clear and practical discussions of taxes, entitlements, welfare, Social Security, Medicare, agricultural subsidies, trust funds, budget enforcement, and the politics of the deficit and deficit-reduction are all included.This is the first book to offer a complete survey from the history of the deficit to modern budget enforcement. It discusses topical issues, such as welfare and Medicare reform, and the controversies of the future, including the projected depletion of the Social Security trust funds. The actual line-item budget, including tax sources, is listed to demonstrate where federal money is spent and where it comes from. The book traces how spending and tax bills originate and follows them as they make their waythrough a maze of Congressional procedures, regulations, and protocols. In addition to students of public finance and macroeconomics, Red Ink is useful to anyone with an interest in the machinations of the federal budget.

Understanding Budget Deficits And The National Debt

Author: Kathy Furgang
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1448855705
Size: 71.16 MB
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Examines budget deficits and national debt, explains how and why the government goes into debt, and discusses ways it can be reduced or eliminated.

The Budget Deficit And The National Debt

Author: Kenneth W. Thompson
Publisher: Univ Pr of Amer
Size: 78.27 MB
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The Budget Deficit and National Debt analyzes and attempts to better understand the problems associated with the debt and deficit. The theme of this book parallels the Miller Center's primary focus on governance and the presidency. The president is a key actor in submitting, approving, and administrating the budget. Therefore, the study of debt and deficit is in keeping with the Miller Center's focus on governance and the presidency.

Federal Budget And Financial Management Reform

Author: Thomas Dexter Lynch
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780899305387
Size: 72.68 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A collection of original essays by specialists in the field, this book examines some of the most crucial budgetary and financial management problems that face the United States government and makes concrete recommendations on how current processes can be improved. Topics include proposed revamping of a budget-making process that now leads to deadlock and ultimately to higher deficits, and the need for more accurate deficit forecasting, centralized financial management, improved information technology, and responsible bipartisan action at the highest level.