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Introduction To The Finite Element Method 4e

Author: J. N. Reddy
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 9781259861901
Size: 74.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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An up-to-date, self-contained introduction to the theory and applications of the finite element method This thoroughly revised classic engineering textbook offers a broad-based overview of the finite element method. Written by a world-renowned mechanical engineering researcher and author, the book shows, step-by-step, how to calculate numerical solutions to steady-state as well as time-dependent problems. You also get detailed problems with worked-out solutions and downloadable programs that can be used and modified for real-world situations. Special attention is paid to applications that are important in bioengineering, fluid and thermal sciences, structural mechanics, and a host of applied sciences. Introduction to the Finite Element Method, Fourth Edition, covers:•Mathematical preliminaries and classical variational methods•1-D finite element models of second-order differential equations•Applications to 1-D heat transfer and fluid and solid mechanics problems•Finite element analysis of beams and circular plates•Plane trusses and frames•Eigenvalue and time-dependent problems in 1-D•Numerical integration and computer implementation in 1-D•Single-variable problems in two dimensions•2-D interpolation functions, numerical integration, and computer implementation in 2-D•Flows of viscous incompressible fluids•Plane elasticity•3-D finite element analysis

The Finite Element Method In Heat Transfer And Fluid Dynamics Third Edition

Author: J. N. Reddy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439882576
Size: 22.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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As Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Computational Heat Transfer (CHT) evolve and become increasingly important in standard engineering design and analysis practice, users require a solid understanding of mechanics and numerical methods to make optimal use of available software. The Finite Element Method in Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics, Third Edition illustrates what a user must know to ensure the optimal application of computational procedures—particularly the Finite Element Method (FEM)—to important problems associated with heat conduction, incompressible viscous flows, and convection heat transfer. This book follows the tradition of the bestselling previous editions, noted for their concise explanation and powerful presentation of useful methodology tailored for use in simulating CFD and CHT. The authors update research developments while retaining the previous editions’ key material and popular style in regard to text organization, equation numbering, references, and symbols. This updated third edition features new or extended coverage of: Coupled problems and parallel processing Mathematical preliminaries and low-speed compressible flows Mode superposition methods and a more detailed account of radiation solution methods Variational multi-scale methods (VMM) and least-squares finite element models (LSFEM) Application of the finite element method to non-isothermal flows Formulation of low-speed, compressible flows With its presentation of realistic, applied examples of FEM in thermal and fluid design analysis, this proven masterwork is an invaluable tool for mastering basic methodology, competently using existing simulation software, and developing simpler special-purpose computer codes. It remains one of the very best resources for understanding numerical methods used in the study of fluid mechanics and heat transfer phenomena.

Applied Computational Fluid Dynamics Techniques

Author: Rainald Löhner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470989661
Size: 79.24 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is concerned with the efficient numerical solution of the partial differential equations that describe fluid dynamics. CFD techniques are commonly used in the many areas of engineering where fluid behavior is an important factor. Traditional fields of application include aerospace and automotive design, and more recently, bioengineering and consumer and medical electronics. With Applied Computational Fluid Dynamics Techniques, 2nd edition, Rainald Löhner introduces the reader to the techniques required to achieve efficient CFD solvers, forming a bridge between basic theoretical and algorithmic aspects of the finite element method and its use in an industrial context where methods have to be both as simple but also as robust as possible. This heavily revised second edition takes a practice-oriented approach with a strong emphasis on efficiency, and offers important new and updated material on; Overlapping and embedded grid methods Treatment of free surfaces Grid generation Optimal use of supercomputing hardware Optimal shape and process design Applied Computational Fluid Dynamics Techniques, 2nd edition is a vital resource for engineers, researchers and designers working on CFD, aero and hydrodynamics simulations and bioengineering. Its unique practical approach will also appeal to graduate students of fluid mechanics and aero and hydrodynamics as well as biofluidics.

Computational Fluid Dynamics

Author: T. J. Chung
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521594165
Size: 17.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Increasingly, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques are being used to study and solve complex fluid flow and heat transfer problems. This comprehensive book ranges from elementary concepts for the beginner to state-of-the-art CFD for the practitioner. It begins with CFD preliminaries, in which the basic principles of finite difference (FD), finite element (FE), and finite volume (FV) methods are discussed and illustrated through examples, with step-by-step hand calculations. Then, FD and FE methods respectively are covered, including both historical developments and recent contributions. The next section is devoted to structured and unstructured grids, adaptive methods, computing techniques, and parallel processing. Finally, the author describes a variety of practical applications to problems in turbulence, reacting flows and combustion, acoustics, combined mode radiative heat transfer, multiphase flows, electromagnetic fields, and relativistic astrophysical flows. Students and practitioners - particularly in mechanical, aerospace, chemical, and civil engineering - will use this authoritative text to learn about and apply numerical techniques to the solution of fluid dynamics problems.

Micromechanical Analysis And Multi Scale Modeling Using The Voronoi Cell Finite Element Method

Author: Somnath Ghosh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420094386
Size: 70.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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As multi-phase metal/alloy systems and polymer, ceramic, or metal matrix composite materials are increasingly being used in industry, the science and technology for these heterogeneous materials has advanced rapidly. By extending analytical and numerical models, engineers can analyze failure characteristics of the materials before they are integrated into the design process. Micromechanical Analysis and Multi-Scale Modeling Using the Voronoi Cell Finite Element Method addresses the key problem of multi-scale failure and deformation of materials that have complex microstructures. The book presents a comprehensive computational mechanics and materials science–based framework for multi-scale analysis. The focus is on micromechanical analysis using the Voronoi cell finite element method (VCFEM) developed by the author and his research group for the efficient and accurate modeling of materials with non-uniform heterogeneous microstructures. While the topics covered in the book encompass the macroscopic scale of structural components and the microscopic scale of constituent heterogeneities like inclusions or voids, the general framework may be extended to other scales as well. The book presents the major components of the multi-scale analysis framework in three parts. Dealing with multi-scale image analysis and characterization, the first part of the book covers 2D and 3D image-based microstructure generation and tessellation into Voronoi cells. The second part develops VCFEM for micromechanical stress and failure analysis, as well as thermal analysis, of extended microstructural regions. It examines a range of problems solved by VCFEM, from heat transfer and stress-strain analysis of elastic, elastic-plastic, and viscoplastic material microstructures to microstructural damage models including interfacial debonding and ductile failure. Establishing the multi-scale framework for heterogeneous materials with and without damage, the third part of the book discusses adaptive concurrent multi-scale analysis incorporating bottom-up and top-down modeling. Including numerical examples and a CD-ROM with VCFEM source codes and input/output files, this book is a valuable reference for researchers, engineers, and professionals involved with predicting the performance and failure of materials in structure-materials interactions.

Exact Solutions For Buckling Of Structural Members

Author: C.M. Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203483534
Size: 54.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The study of buckling loads, which often hinges on numerical methods, is key in designing structural elements. But the need for analytical solutions in addition to numerical methods is what drove the creation of Exact Solutions for Buckling of Structural Members. It allows readers to assess the reliability and accuracy of solutions obtained by numerical methods. The author has attempted to gather and present as many exact buckling solutions as possible in one single volume for engineers and researchers. These buckling solutions of columns, beams, arches, ring plates, and shells should serve as benchmarks for checking the validity, convergence, and accuracy of numerical methods and solutions. Catalog Copy

Computational Methods For Fluid Dynamics

Author: Joel H. Ferziger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642976514
Size: 22.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A detailed description of the methods most often used in practice. The authors are experts in their fields and cover such advanced techniques as direct and large-eddy simulation of turbulence, multigrid methods, parallel computing, moving grids, structured, block-structured and unstructured boundary-fitted grids, and free surface flows. The book shows common roots and basic principles for many apparently different methods, while also containing a great deal of practical advice for code developers and users. All the computer codes can be accessed from the Springer server on the internet. Designed to be equally useful for beginners and experts.

Computational Methods For Heat And Mass Transfer

Author: Pradip Majumdar
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781560329947
Size: 50.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The advent of high-speed computers has encouraged a growing demand for newly graduated engineers to possess the basic skills of computational methods for heat and mass transfer and fluid dynamics. Computational fluid dynamics and heat transfer, as well as finite element codes, are standard tools in the computer-aided design and analysis of processes and products involving coupled transport and multi-physic phenomena. This textbook introduces the fundamentals of two important computational techniques for solving heat and mass transfer and fluid flow problems: finite difference and finite element methods. The objective of the book is to help the students thoroughly understand the basic concepts and procedures of fluid dynamics, heat and mass transfer and implement computational methodology into a computer code and solve more complex problems on their own. Theory and practice are combined in a simple and straightforward manner. Classic problems in heat transfer, mass transfer, and fluid flows are solved and illustrated through step-by-step derivations and numerous figures. End-of-chapter problems are provided at the end of every chapter for extra practice and homework assignments. The book is divided into three parts: Part One contains a review of basic equations of heat transfer, mass transfer and fluid dynamics; concepts of numerical approximations and errors; numerical solution techniques for systems of linear algebraic equations; and numerical integrations and quadrature formulas. (The last two topics are included primarily for students who have had no prior course on numerical analysis). Part Two introduces the finite difference/control volume method. Part Three presents the finite element method. As an introductory text, this book is appropriate for senior undergraduate and first-year graduate level courses. Students taking independent study can use the text as a comprehensive reference guide. Others who will find it a useful resource include practicing engineers and scientists developing their own codes and using commercial codes for the analysis and design of processes and products involving heat and mass transfer and fluid dynamics.