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The Freedom Of The Seas Or The Right Which Belongs To The Dutch To Take Part In The East Indian Trade

Author: Hugo Grotius
Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
ISBN: 1584771828
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Grotius, Hugo. The Freedom of the Seas or The Right which Belongs to the Dutch to Take Part in the East Indian Trade. Translated with a Revision of the Latin Text of 1633 by Ralph van Deman Magoffin. Edited with an Introductory Note by James Brown Scott. New York: Oxford University Press, 1916. xv, 83pp., paged in duplicate. Reprinted 2001 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. LCCN 2001022509. ISBN 1-58477-182-8. Cloth. $65. * Translation of Grotius' work, Mare Liberum, with Latin and English on facing pages. In this classic of international maritime law he calls for open rights of all countries and dominions to sail the seas without appropriation by any country, which was undoubtedly an attempt to offset the attempts of Spain, Portugal and England to claim sovereignty of the seas. This controversial viewpoint was opposed by John Selden in defense of the British Empire, in Mare Clausum. Grotius [1583-1645] is known principally for this work and his classic treatise on the law of nations, De Jure Belli.

Natural Law Laws Of Nature Natural Rights

Author: Francis Oakley
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0826417655
Size: 11.98 MB
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Choice Outstanding Academic Title 2006 The existence and grounding of human or natural rights is a heavily contested issue today, not only in the West but in the debates raging between "fundamentalists" and "liberals" or "modernists in the Islamic world. So, too, are the revised versions of natural law espoused by thinkers such as John Finnis and Robert George. This book focuses on three bodies of theory that developed between the thirteenth and seventeenth centuries: (1) the foundational belief in the existence of a moral/juridical natural law, embodying universal norms of right and wrong and accessible to natural human reason; (2) the understanding of (scientific) uniformities of nature as divinely imposed laws, which rose to prominence in the seventeenth century; and (3), finally, the notion that individuals are bearers of inalienable natural or human rights. While seen today as distinct bodies of theory often locked in mutual conflict, they grew up inextricably intertwines. The book argues that they cannot be properly understood if taken each in isolation from the others.

Trying Leviathan

Author: D. Graham Burnett
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691146157
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Recounts the 1818 trial Maurice v. Judd in which the new science of taxonomy was pitted against a dispute over the regulation of whale oil and the then-popular view that the whale was a fish.

De Iure Praedae Commentarius

Author: Hugo Grotius
Publisher: William S. Hein
ISBN: 9781575885223
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Collotype reproduction of the original manuscript of 1604 in the handwriting of Grotius. Walter H.Zeydel (Collaborator) Printed on acid-free paper. For English translation, see Hein Item #310420

The Sea

Author: John Mack
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 9781780231846
Size: 67.30 MB
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“There is nothing more enticing, disenchanting, and enslaving than the life at sea,” wrote Joseph Conrad. And there is certainly nothing more integral to the development of the modern world. In The Sea: A Cultural History, John Mack considers those great expanses that both unite and divide us, and the ways in which human beings interact because of the sea, from navigation to colonization to trade. Much of the world’s population lives on or near the cost, and as Mack explains, in a variety of ways, people actually inhabit the sea. The Sea looks at the characteristics of different seas and oceans and investigates how the sea is conceptualized in various cultures. Mack explores the diversity of maritime technologies, especially the practice of navigation and the creation of a society of the sea, which in many cultures is all-male, often cosmopolitan, and always hierarchical. He describes the cultures and the social and technical practices characteristic of seafarers, as well as their distinctive language and customs. As he shows, the separation of sea and land is evident in the use of different vocabularies on land and on sea for the same things, the change in a mariner’s behavior when on land, and in the liminal status of points uniting the two realms, like beaches and ports. Mack also explains how ships are deployed in symbolic contexts on land in ecclesiastical and public architecture. Yet despite their differences, the two realms are always in dialogue in symbolic and economic terms. Casting a wide net, The Sea uses histories, maritime archaeology, biography, art history, and literature to provide an innovative and experiential account of the waters that define our worldly existence.

Selections From Three Works

Author: Francisco Suárez
ISBN: 9780865975163
Size: 54.63 MB
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Francisco Suárez was a principal figure in the transition from scholastic to modern natural law, summing up a long and rich tradition and providing much material both for adoption and controversy in the seventeenth century and beyond. Most of the selections translated in this volume are from On the Laws and God the Law-Giver (De legibus ac Deo legislatore, 1612), a work that is considered one of Suárez’s greatest achievements. Working within the framework originally elaborated by Thomas Aquinas, Suárez treated humanity as the subject of four different laws, which together guide human beings toward the ends of which they are capable. Suárez achieved a double objective in his systematic account of moral activity. First, he examined and synthesized the entire scholastic heritage of thinking on this topic, identifying the key issues of debate and the key authors who had formulated the different positions most incisively. Second, he went beyond this heritage of authorities to present a new account of human moral action and its relationship to the law. Treading a fine line between those to whom moral directives are purely a matter of reason and those to whom they are purely a matter of a commanding will, Suárez attempted to show how both human reason and the command of the lawgiver dictate the moral space of human action. The Liberty Fund edition is a revised version of that prepared for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace by translators Gwladys L. Williams, Ammi Brown, and John Waldron, with revisions by Henry Davis, S. J. Francisco Suárez (1548-1617), a Jesuit priest, was professor of theology at the University of Salamanca in Spain. Annabel S. Brett is a Fellow, Tutor, and University Lecturer in History at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. Knud Haakonssen is Professor of Intellectual History at the University of Sussex, England.

The Law

Author: Frederic Bastiat
Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
ISBN: 1596059648
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French political libertarian and economist CLAUDE FRDRIC BASTIAT (1801-1850) was one of the most eloquent champions of the concept that property rights and individual freedoms flowed from natural law. Here, in this 1850 classic, a powerful refutation of Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto, published two years earlier, Bastiat discusses: . what is law? . why socialism constitutes legal plunder . the proper function of the law . the law and morality . "the vicious circle of socialism" . the basis for stable government . and more.