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The Fungal Community

Author: John Dighton
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420027891
Size: 12.25 MB
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The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem, Third Edition addresses many of the questions related to the observations, characterizations, and functional attributes of fungal assemblages and their interaction with the environment and other organisms. This edition promotes awareness of the functional methods of classification over taxonomic methods, and approaches the concept of fungal communities from an ecological perspective, rather than from a fungicentric view. It has expanded to examine issues of global and local biodiversity, the problems associated with exotic species, and the debate concerning diversity and function. The third edition also focuses on current ecological discussions - diversity and function, scaling issues, disturbance, and invasive species - from a fungal perspective. In order to address these concepts, the book examines the appropriate techniques to identify fungi, calculate their abundance, determine their associations among themselves and other organisms, and measure their individual and community function. This book explains attempts to scale these measures from the microscopic cell level through local, landscape, and ecosystem levels. The totality of the ideas, methods, and results presented by the contributing authors points to the future direction of mycology.

Fungi In Ecosystem Processes Second Edition

Author: John Dighton
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482249065
Size: 71.57 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This new edition of Fungi in Ecosystem Processes continues the unique approach of examining the roles of fungi from the perspective of ecosystem functions. It explores how fungi have adapted to survive within particular constraints, how they help to maintain homeostasis in ecosystems, how they facilitate resistance to perturbations, and how they influence the communities of other organisms. Updated and revised, the second edition Expands the section on plant pathogens, invasive species, and insect–fungal interactions Provides more extensive coverage on insect–fungal interactions, including entomopathogens, the links between entomopathogens and endophytes, and symbiotic and mutualistic interactions Adds a new section on fungi in the built environment Presents new material on below-ground to above-ground interactions mediated through fungi, such as mycorrhizal signaling systems for herbivory defense The book also includes expanded coverage of the role of fungi in suppressive soils, aquatic and marine fungi, modern methods of following food chains in fungal–invertebrate trophic interactions, and the physiology of nutrient uptake by mycorrhizae. A necessary update and expansion to previous material, this book provides an essential reference on the current understanding of fungal roles in ecosystem processes. It also identifies directions for future study, including an emphasis on the need for further research on fungi in built environments.

Fungi

Author: Ramesh Maheshwari
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439839034
Size: 15.59 MB
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Fungi are now at the forefront of research on mechanisms in gene silencing, biological rhythm, mating processes, biogenesis of intracellular organelles, adaptations to hostile habitats, structure of natural populations, and speciation. Because of their small genomes, fungi are being used in "systems biology" to understand the connections between genes, proteins, and metabolic and signaling pathways. The ease with which yeasts and fungi can be cultivated in simple nutritive media has also made these eukaryotic organisms the choice material for basic and applied research. Fungi: Experimental Methods in Biology, Second Edition presents the latest information on fungal biology generated through advances in genetics, molecular biology, and biochemistry. It gives an account of real experiments that have been carried out on the diverse lifestyles of these organisms. Following in the footsteps of its highly-praised predecessor, this book continues to be a comprehensive review of the state of our knowledge about how fungi function. Examining both unicellular and multicellular fungi, this accessible book covers: Special features of fungi Interaction of fungi with other organisms Use of fungi as sources of chemicals for human health and welfare Model fungi in research Gene manipulation Adaptations Natural populations Throughout, the book draws attention to unsolved questions and to the opportunities offered by the diversity of fungi. Written by a prominent mycologist, it provides an excellent introduction and reference for beginning researchers as well as for experienced professionals. What’s New in This Edition: New chapters on spores’ dormancy, germination, and uses; fungi as scavengers; and fungi as chemical factories All chapters substantially revised, updated, and rewritten, in particular The Hyphal Mode of Life, Fungi as Symbiotic Partners, and Fungi as Plant Pathogens New material on the use of yeast for functional analysis of genomes; the use of Neurospora in cytogenetics and genes controlling conidiation; and the identification of the clock gene A new glossary to reinforce important concepts

Fungal Conservation

Author: British Mycological Society. Symposium
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521803632
Size: 66.37 MB
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Considers the issues involved in fungal conservation and provides practical guidance for management of nature in ways beneficial to fungi.

Author: Jeff VanderMeer
Publisher: Εκδόσεις Καστανιώτη
ISBN: 9600359830
Size: 31.34 MB
Format: PDF
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Μια τετραμελής ομάδα –μια ψυχολόγος, μια βιολόγος, μια ανθρωπολόγος και μια χωρομέτρης– στέλνεται να εξερευνήσει την αποκλεισμένη, μυστηριώδη Περιοχή Χ (είναι η δωδέκατη αποστολή που αναλαμβάνει τούτη την εξερεύνηση). Εκεί, μες στην παρθένα ερημιά, όπου δεν απομένουν παρά μόνο τα χαλάσματα ενός εγκαταλειμμένου χωριού, τα τέσσερα μέλη βρίσκουν έναν μυστηριώδη πύργο βυθισμένο στη γη, που στους τοίχους του ξετυλίγεται μια παράξενη γραφή φτιαγμένη από μύκητες, και στην άλλη άκρη της Περιοχής Χ ένα φάρο με ίχνη, μέσα, ενός τρομερού μακελειού. Πατώντας στέρεα στη λογοτεχνία του Χ. Φ. Λάβκραφτ και του Τζ. Γκ. Μπάλαρντ, μα και στο Σολάρις, ίσως, του Στάνισλαβ Λεμ, και στην αίσθηση που δίνει μια ταινία όπως το Στάλκερ του Αντρέι Ταρκόφσκι, ο Τζεφ Βάντερμιερ στον Αφανισμό (βραβευμένο με το Βραβείο Nebula το 2014), το πρώτο μυθιστόρημα της Τριλογίας της Νότιας Ζώνης, πλάθει μια εφιαλτική και συνάμα μαγευτική μα εντελώς μοναδική ιστορία επιστημονικής φαντασίας, ένα από εκείνα τα σπάνια βιβλία που εντέλει, και παρά τις όποιες ομοιότητες και αναφορές, στέκουν μόνα τους, δίχως στην πραγματικότητα να έχουν όμοιό τους.