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The Future Of African Customary Law

Author: Jeanmarie Fenrich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139497820
Size: 43.64 MB
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Customary laws and traditional institutions in Africa constitute comprehensive legal systems that regulate the entire spectrum of activities from birth to death. Once the sole source of law, customary rules now exist in the context of pluralist legal systems with competing bodies of domestic constitutional law, statutory law, common law and international human rights treaties. This book promotes discussion and understanding of customary law and explores its continued relevance in sub-Saharan Africa. The volume considers the characteristics of customary law and efforts to ascertain and codify customary law, and how this body of law differs in content, form and status from legislation and common law. It also addresses a number of substantive areas of customary law including the role and power of traditional authorities; customary criminal law; customary land tenure, property rights and intestate succession; and the relationship between customary law, human rights and gender equality.

Das Politische System S Dafrikas

Author: Dana de la Fontaine
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531190679
Size: 18.43 MB
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Der Kern des vorliegenden Buches widmet sich der Frage, wie sich Südafrikas politisches System in den letzten 20 Jahren seit der Transition ab Mitte der 1990er Jahre entfaltet hat. Dabei soll der Fokus zum einen auf die grundlegenden institutionellen und rechtlichen Strukturen gerichtet sein. Zum anderen ist zu hinterfragen, inwiefern der Föderalismus das Land in arme und reiche Teile aufteilt, was durch fehlende Ausgleichsmechanismen mittelfristig für Konflikte sorgt. Ein weiterer Themenblock setzt sich mit der Frage der politischen Beteiligungsmöglichkeiten der Bevölkerung auseinander. In einzelnen Abschnitten werden die zentralen Institutionen der politischen Repräsentation und Artikulation untersucht, d.h. Parteien, Gewerkschaften, Interessenverbände, Nichtregierungsorganisationen und soziale Bewegungen, aber auch die Rolle der Print- und TV-Medien. Schließlich sollen die Hoffnungen und Ängste der unterschiedlichen Bevölkerungsgruppen einzelnen Politikbereichen gegenübergestellt werden. Dabei liegt der Schwerpunkt zum einen auf ökonomischen Fragen mit der Analyse der Wirtschafts-, der Steuer-, der Finanz- und der Landwirtschaftspolitik. Dann folgt ein Komplex, der sich mit der menschlichen Entwicklung auseinandersetzt und die Sozial-, Bildungs-, Gesundheits- und Gleichstellungspolitik unter die Lupe nimmt. Schließlich wird die Entwicklung der Außenpolitik und der regionalen Integration untersucht, die für die Dynamik der südafrikanischen Ökonomie von zentraler Bedeutung sind.

Religion As Empowerment

Author: Kyriaki Topidi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317067665
Size: 46.73 MB
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This volume shows how and why legal empowerment is important for those exercising their religious rights under various jurisdictions, in conditions of legal pluralism. At the same time, it also questions the thesis that as societies become more modern, they also become less religious. The authors look beyond the rule of law orthodoxy in their consideration of the freedom of religion as a human right and place this discussion in a more plurality-sensitive context. The book sheds more light on the informal and/or customary mechanisms that explain the limited impact of law on individuals and groups, especially in non-Western societies. The focus is on discussing how religion and the exercise of religious rights may or may not empower individuals and social groups and improve access to human rights in general. This book is important reading for academics and practitioners of law and religion, religious rights, religious diversity and cultural difference, as well as NGOs, policy makers, lawyers and advocates at multicultural jurisdictions. It offers a contemporary take on comparative legal studies, with a distinct focus on religion as an identity marker.

The State And The Paradox Of Customary Law In Africa

Author: Olaf Zenker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317014790
Size: 10.90 MB
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Customary law and traditional authorities continue to play highly complex and contested roles in contemporary African states. Reversing the common preoccupation with studying the impact of the post/colonial state on customary regimes, this volume analyses how the interactions between state and non-state normative orders have shaped the everyday practices of the state. It argues that, in their daily work, local officials are confronted with a paradox of customary law: operating under politico-legal pluralism and limited state capacity, bureaucrats must often, paradoxically, deal with custom – even though the form and logic of customary rule is not easily compatible and frequently incommensurable with the form and logic of the state – in order to do their work as a state. Given the self-contradictory nature of this endeavour, officials end up processing, rather than solving, this paradox in multiple, inconsistent and piecemeal ways. Assembling inventive case studies on state-driven land reforms in South Africa and Tanzania, the police in Mozambique, witchcraft in southern Sudan, constitutional reform in South Sudan, Guinea’s long durée of changing state engagements with custom, and hybrid political orders in Somaliland, this volume offers important insights into the divergent strategies used by African officials in handling this paradox of customary law and, somehow, getting their work done.