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The Future Of Mountain Agriculture

Author: Stefan Mann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642335845
Size: 55.35 MB
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Mountain agriculture is a socially and culturally unique system, but also a regionally important economic sector. In a globalising world, it is clear that fertile areas on all continents will always be used to produce large quantities of agricultural products in order to feed the world and, increasingly, provide biomass as a source of energy. It is far less clear, however, how land use in steep and more peripheral regions will evolve. By definition, farmland in mountain areas is more difficult to work because of steep slopes and missing accessibility. Climate conditions and poor soil quality often add to these adverse conditions. Through overcoming limited views from one region only or from one discipline, this book intends to draw a first truly international perspective on the issue of mountain farming.

Sustainable Horticulture Volume 2

Author: Debashis Mandal
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351374826
Size: 23.66 MB
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Sustainable Horticulture, Volume 2: Food, Health, and Nutrition addresses some of the most important topics facing horticulture around the world today. This volume, part of the two-volume compendium, focuses on research trends in sustainable horticulture that include postharvest management and processed food production from horticulture crops, crop protection and plant health management, and horticulture for human health and nutrition. Global food demand is expected to be double by 2050, while at the same time the production environment and natural resources are continually shrinking and deteriorating due to many complex factors. Horticulture, a major sector of agriculture, is vital to enhancing crop production and productivity in parity with agricultural crops to meet the emerging food demand. Implementing sustainable models of crop production is really an enormous endeavor. Promising technologies and management options are needed to increase productivity to meet the growing food demand despite deteriorating production environments.

Climate Change 2014 Impacts Adaptation And Vulnerability Part A Global And Sectoral Aspects Volume 1 Global And Sectoral Aspects

Author: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316240347
Size: 55.53 MB
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This latest Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) will again form the standard reference for all those concerned with climate change and its consequences, including students, researchers and policy makers in environmental science, meteorology, climatology, biology, ecology, atmospheric chemistry and environmental policy.

Sustainable Development In Mountain Regions

Author: Georgi Zhelezov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319201107
Size: 46.88 MB
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This second edition of the book Sustainable Development of Mountain Regions: Southeastern Europe integrates the scientific results and expertise of the researchers from the countries in Southeastern Europe. The book consists of updated information for the topics observed in first edition and several new chapters with analysis of some problems in the mountain regions of four new for the edition countries in Southeastern European space. The general themes in the book are related to Global problems and mountain regions; Nature resources and landuse in mountain regions; Social, economic and regional problems of mountain regions; Nature protection, conservation and monitoring and Networks and strategies for mountain regions. The key topics for discussion are: Natural recourses and land use in mountain regions. Sustainable social and economic development of the mountain regions. Natural disasters and risk prevention. Spatial modeling and planning. Nature protection, monitoring and conservation. Politics and sustainable practices for development of mountain regions. Transborder and regional cooperation. Mountain regions in Southeastern Europe are characterized by unique landscape and biological diversity and great economic potential. They have function as a living space and provide different groups of ecosystem and landscape services. In social and economic aspects these regions are one of the poorest in Southeastern European countries with unused potential. Human, ecological and economic problems arising in various mountain regions have the same basic characteristics irrespective of the country. Some mountain regions are subject to specific for the conditions of the mountain and country policy for planning, development and mountain population promotion. The general goal is development of whole economy and the efficient management of natural resources and prevention of natural and tec hnological disasters. The mountain regions are one of the most threatened landscape systems in Southeastern Europe. Understanding the importance of the mountain regions and conservation of the natural heritage require scientific and institutional cooperation at all levels.

Mountain Geography

Author: Martin F. Price
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520254317
Size: 54.68 MB
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Mountain Geography is a comprehensive resource that gives readers an in-depth understanding of the geographical processes that occur in the world's mountains and the impact of these regions on culture and society. The volume begins with an introduction that defines mountains, followed by a comprehensive treatment of their physical geography, including origins, climatology, snow and ice, landforms and geomorphic processes, soils, vegetation, and wildlife. The concluding chapters discuss the human geography of mountains and our attitudes toward them, populations in the mountain regions and their livelihoods and interactions within dynamic environments, the diversity of mountain agriculture, and the challenges of sustainable mountain development. -- Book Jacket.

Geographical Indications And International Agricultural Trade

Author: L. Augustin-Jean
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137031905
Size: 27.18 MB
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Food safety concerns have boosted the Asian demand for quality food in general and products of geographical indications in particular. This book shows how Asian countries are empowering regions and enterprises involved in differentiation strategies, and the effects that this regulation can have.

Die Anden

Author: Axel Borsdorf
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3827424585
Size: 11.55 MB
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Bodenschätze, die überwältigenden Naturschönheiten, die Vielfalt scheinbar intakter Kulturen, wirtschaftliche Vielfalt - das sind Stichwörter, die man gemeinhin mit den Anden verbindet. Erstmals seit Jahrzehnten wird eine Gesamtschau eines Erdraums versucht, der durch die längste Gebirgskette der Erde verbunden ist. In diesem Raum von außerordentlicher klimatischer, floristischer und geologischer Vielfalt hatten sich vor Ankunft der Spanier Hochkulturen entwickelt und bis heute ist der Andenraum durch die Diversität von ethnischen, demographischen, kulturellen und wirtschaftlichen Strukturen sowie die Disparität von sozioökonomischen Schichten gekennzeichnet. Die Andenländer stellen sich auf unterschiedlichen Wegen der Herausforderung, ihre natürlichen und kulturellen Potenziale besser zu nutzen und dennoch die ökologischen Grundlagen nicht zu gefährden, die wirtschaftlichen Disparitäten zu überwinden, und soziale Kohärenz herzustellen. Dieses mit faszinierenden Fotos und anschaulichen Grafiken reich bebilderte Buch liefert Grundlagen für ein besseres Verständnis dieses Naturraums mit seinen Problemen. Axel Borsdorf ist Ordinarius des Instituts für Geographie an der Universität Innsbruck und Leiter des Instituts für Interdisziplinare Gebirgsforschung der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Er ist Autor oder Herausgeber zahlreicher Bücher zu verschiedenen Themen der Humangeographie, der Alpen und der Anden. Christoph Stadel ist Emeritus an der Universität Salzburg und Adjunct Professor des Institute for Natural Resources an der University of Manitoba, Kanada. Er ist der Verfasser zahlreicher Arbeiten zur vergleichenden Hochgebirgsgeographie und zur Geographie der Anden.

Ethics In Agriculture An African Perspective

Author: Alvin Niekerk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402029882
Size: 11.98 MB
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Agriculture is the lifeblood of the majority of people in Africa. It is not just a provider of food, it is a way of life for rural people. Whilst subsistence farming is the most practiced form of agriculture, there are many parts of Africa where agriculture is highly developed and progressive. In many instances it is the very diversity of agricultural practices that raises complex problems and issues. These issues often manifest themselves in ways that create ethical dilemmas for farmers, policy-makers, academics, politicians and the general lay-person. In particular, the role of biotechnology in African agriculture has become a contentious issue. Some people hold the view that biotechnology will solve the food shortages experienced in many parts of Africa, however, there is an opposing viewpoint that Africa may become a dumping ground for technology that has not been acceptable in other parts of the world. The ethical issues in agriculture in Africa do not focus only on biotechnology. The role of nutrition in the persistence of HIV/AIDS is highly debated and sometimes controversial. Land-related issues also generate heated debates in communities and amongst policy-makers. The single core that runs through all of these and many other related issues is, what are ethically acceptable solutions to these problems? This book attempts, in simple, unambiguous terms, to discuss the most important issues in African agriculture that have an ethical thread.

Modelling Environmental Dynamics

Author: Martin Paegelow
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540684980
Size: 80.75 MB
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Modelling environmental dynamics is critical to understanding and predicting the evolution of the environment in response to the large number of influences including urbanisation, climate change and deforestation. Simulation and modelling provide support for decision making in environmental management. The first chapter introduces terminology and provides an overview of methodological modelling approaches which may be applied to environmental and complex dynamics. Based on this introduction this book illustrates various models applied to a large variety of themes: deforestation in tropical regions, fire risk, natural reforestation in European mountains, agriculture, biodiversity, urbanism, climate change and land management for decision support, etc. These case studies, provided by a large international spectrum of researchers and presented in a uniform structure, focus particularly on methods and model validation so that this book is not only aimed at researchers and graduates but also at professionals.

Land Change Science In The Tropics Changing Agricultural Landscapes

Author: Andrew Millington
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387788646
Size: 28.81 MB
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Land use and land-cover change research over the past decade has focused mainly on contemporary primary land-cover conversions in the tropics and sub-tropics, with considerable resources dedicated to the explanation and prediction of tropical deforestation and often ignoring the dynamism in the world’s agro-pastoral landscapes. This collection integrates cutting-edge research in the social, biogeophysical, and geographical information sciences to understand the human and environmental dynamics that change the type, magnitude and location of land uses and land covers in the changing countryside. Our contributors are from across the globe and draw on diverse empirical pan-tropical case studies and disciplinary influences. The research reported examines land-use and land-cover change in Bolivia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, India, Malawi, Mexico, Pakistan, Peru, Senegal and Thailand. Each chapter in this book advances one of three themes: (i) adaptations and change in settled agricultural zones, (ii) agricultural intensification, and (iii) markets and institutions. This book describes the monitoring of land-cover changes, explains the processes through which land is altered, and describes the development of spatially-explicit models to predict land change. This book illustrates how practitioners have integrated knowledge from the three scientific realms - social, biophysical, and GIScience - that underpin land-change science.