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The Generosity Of The Dead

Author: Graciela Nowenstein
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317030788
Size: 40.77 MB
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There has been a general assumption in the international debate surrounding organ procurement that Presumed Consent (opting-out) systems produce better results than Express Consent (opting-in) systems. This study uses the French case to challenge this widely held assumption and argues that the French presumed consent systems coexist with patterns of behaviour that in practice do not mobilize the law. It explores four key areas to current research in socio-legal studies focussing on the state and nature of social solidarity, social engineering and the changing nature of the citizen-state relations, state intervention in the event of death and discretion in use of corpses and recent modifications of the status of medical professionals as figures of authority and agents of state policy. Using material based on interviews with medical professionals, this title will be a valuable resource for researchers, academics, policy-makers and practitioners with an interest in this complex and topical subject.

Should A Doctor Tell

Author: Angus H. Ferguson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131705511X
Size: 57.78 MB
Format: PDF
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Medical confidentiality has long been recognised as a core element of medical ethics, but its boundaries are under constant negotiation. Areas of debate in twenty-first century medicine include the use of patient-identifiable data in research, information sharing across public services, and the implications of advances in genetics. This book provides important historical insight into the modern evolution of medical confidentiality in the UK. It analyses a range of perspectives and considers the broader context as well as the specific details of debates, developments and key precedents. With each chapter focusing on a different issue, the book covers the common law position on medical privilege, the rise of public health and collective welfare measures, legal and public policy perspectives on medical confidentiality and privilege in the first half of the twentieth century, contestations over statutory recognition for medical privilege and Crown privilege. It concludes with an overview of twentieth century developments. Bringing fresh insights to oft-cited cases and demonstrating a better understanding of the boundaries of medical confidentiality, the book discusses the role of important interest groups such as the judiciary, Ministry of Health and professional medical bodies. It will be directly relevant for people working or studying in the field of medical law as well as those with an interest in the interaction of law, medicine and ethics.

Teaching Ethics In Organ Transplantation And Tissue Donation

Author: Silke Schicktanz
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781935603061
Size: 40.61 MB
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Organ transplantation allows modern surgeons to give "new life" to chronically ill patients. At the same time, the new opportunities raise ethical questions concerning human identity and the definition of the human body. These concerns do not play out the same in all cultures or in every situation. This collection of thirty case studies illustrates the range of global and local, ethical, social, and cultural problems associated with organ transplantation. The collection also provides a list of popular movies and websites to aid instructors and their students. This work is aimed at educators in medicine, health care, philosophy, and religious studies.

Beyond A Western Bioethics

Author: Angeles Tan Alora
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 9781589012493
Size: 31.50 MB
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In Beyond a Western Bioethics, physicians Angeles Tan Alora and Josephine M. Lumitao join eight other contributors to provide a comprehensive exploration of bioethical issues outside of the dominant American and western European model. Using the Philippines as a case study, they address how a developing country's economy, religion, and culture affect the bioethical landscape for doctors, patients, families, and the society as a whole. American principles of medical ethics assume the primacy of individual autonomy, the importance of truth-telling, and secular standards of justice and morality. In the Philippines, these standards are often at odds with a culture in which family relationships take precedence over individualism, and ideas of community, friendship, and religion can deeply influence personal behavior. Pervasive poverty further complicates the equation. Contributors move from a general discussion of the moral vision informing health care decisions in the Philippines to an exploration of a wide range of specific cases: family planning, care of the elderly, organ transplants, death and dying, medical research, AIDS care, doctor-patient relationships, informed consent, and the allocation of scarce health-care resources. Written for both students and professionals, the book provides a much-needed perspective on how medical ethics are practiced in a developing nation, and it successfully challenges the wisdom of global bioethical standards that do not account for local cultural and economic differences.

Organ Shortage The Solutions

Author: J.-L. Touraine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401102015
Size: 23.72 MB
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Organ Shortage: The Solutions is the latest subject in the Continuing Education series, organized by Fondation Marcel Mérieux and Université Claude Bernard in Lyon. The annual subject is chosen to reflect the status of the topical issues of the year, as taught by leading international experts. The contribution of transplantation and clinical immunology to advanced medicine is considerable and promising. The annual volumes in this series keep the reader abreast of these developments.

Organ Donation

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309164641
Size: 69.66 MB
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Rates of organ donation lag far behind the increasing need. At the start of 2006, more than 90,000 people were waiting to receive a solid organ (kidney, liver, lung, pancreas, heart, or intestine). Organ Donation examines a wide range of proposals to increase organ donation, including policies that presume consent for donation as well as the use of financial incentives such as direct payments, coverage of funeral expenses, and charitable contributions. This book urges federal agencies, nonprofit groups, and others to boost opportunities for people to record their decisions to donate, strengthen efforts to educate the public about the benefits of organ donation, and continue to improve donation systems. Organ Donation also supports initiatives to increase donations from people whose deaths are the result of irreversible cardiac failure. This book emphasizes that all members of society have a stake in an adequate supply of organs for patients in need, because each individual is a potential recipient as well as a potential donor.

Contemporary Bioethics

Author: Mohammed Ali Al-Bar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319184288
Size: 55.97 MB
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This book discusses the common principles of morality and ethics derived from divinely endowed intuitive reason through the creation of al-fitr' a (nature) and human intellect (al-‘aql). Biomedical topics are presented and ethical issues related to topics such as genetic testing, assisted reproduction and organ transplantation are discussed. Whereas these natural sources are God’s special gifts to human beings, God’s revelation as given to the prophets is the supernatural source of divine guidance through which human communities have been guided at all times through history. The second part of the book concentrates on the objectives of Islamic religious practice – the maqa' sid – which include: Preservation of Faith, Preservation of Life, Preservation of Mind (intellect and reason), Preservation of Progeny (al-nasl) and Preservation of Property. Lastly, the third part of the book discusses selected topical issues, including abortion, assisted reproduction devices, genetics, organ transplantation, brain death and end-of-life aspects. For each topic, the current medical evidence is followed by a detailed discussion of the ethical issues involved.

Using The Bodies Of The Dead

Author: Nora Machado
Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company
ISBN:
Size: 25.83 MB
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This book applies sociological concepts and analysis to the study of organ transplantation and related medical phenomena. It provides comparisons between differing transplantation systems and examines the ethical issues of organ transplantation, organ donation and recipient selection.

The Law And Economics Of Organ Procurement

Author: Firat Bilgel
Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V
ISBN: 9781780680224
Size: 36.54 MB
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Organ procurement systems are similar to in-kind economies, characterized by severe restrictions and transaction costs in the absence of money because currently they are based on altruism and gift giving. A sale prohibition imposed by a government, amplified by an increasing demand for transplants, leads to an ever-growing shortage of human organs throughout the world. The Law and Economics of Organ Procurement explores the legal and economic dimensions of various deceased and living organ procurement policies. The book investigates the effectiveness of current legislation related to organ donations in the US, Europe, and other developed countries. It further examines the legal instruments and the international standards to combat trafficking of humans for the purposes of organ removal and discusses their applications with a comparative analysis that later serves to develop a model of law enforcement that addresses the embodiment of specific legislation and the implementation of an optimal deterrence policy. The book fuels the ongoing debate - among medical doctors, economists, legal scholars, legislators, and bioethicists - about the regulatory, legislative, and institutional aspects of liberalization in the exchange of transplantable human organs. (Series: European Studies in Law and Economics - Vol. 5)

The Organ Donor Experience

Author: Katrina A. Bramstedt
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442211172
Size: 40.99 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Organ donors are, by definition, altruists, and their act is even more generous when they remain anonymous. But altruism doesn't tell the whole story. There are myriad motivations, some subconscious, some conscious, that compel people to donate a part of themselves to someone they don't know. The Organ Donor Experience uncovers the desires, personalities and motivations of Good Samaritan organ donors and reveals much about the process of donating an organ to a needy recipient.