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Cities As International Actors

Author: Tassilo Herrschel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137396172
Size: 16.34 MB
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This book explores the growing role of cities and regions as sub-national actors in shaping global governance. Far from being merely carried along by global forces, cities have become active players in making and maintaining the networks and connections that give shape to contemporary globalization. Exploring examples from Europe, North America and beyond, the authors reconcile the two separate, yet complimentary, theoretical and analytical lenses adopted by Urban Studies and International Relations, as they address the nature of ‘cities’ and ‘internationality’. The authors challenge academic debate that is reluctant to cross disciplinary boundaries and thus offer more relevant answers to the new phenomenon of international city action, and how it weakens the traditional prerogative of the state as primary actor in the international realm. Conclusions focus on how this new internationality opens opportunities for cities and regions but also contains potential pitfalls that can constrain policy options and challenge the legitimacy of policy making at all scales.

The Global City 2 0

Author: Kristin Ljungkvist
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317438698
Size: 26.56 MB
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Global cities all over the world are taking on new roles as they increasingly participate directly and independently in international affairs and global politics. So far, surprisingly few studies have analyzed the role of the Global City beyond its already well explicated role in the globalized economy. How is it that local governments of Global Cities claim international political authority and develop what appears to be their own independent foreign and security policies despite the fact that such policy areas have traditionally been considered to be the core function of nation-states and central governments? What does it mean to be and to govern the contemporary Global City? In this book Kristin Ljungkvist claims that we can better understand why local governments find it to be in their Global City’s interest to claim international political authority by exploring how the city’s role in the globalized world is constructed and narrated locally. A core claim is that Global City-hood as a specific type of collective identity can play a constitutive part in such interest formation. Combining insights from International Relations and Urban Studies scholarship, and with the help of a case study on New York City, Ljungkvist develops a new analytical framework for studying the Global City as an international political actor. The Global City 2.0 shows that even as the Global City engages in various global issues such as global environmental governance or counterterrorism, such pursuit will be framed and rationalized in terms of the city’s economic growth. The quest for growth and global competitiveness are not necessarily the only available meanings attached to the being and governing of the contemporary Global City. However, there seems to be a remarkable persistency and attraction in economistic ideas and an economistic conception of the Global City.

The Power Of Cities In International Relations

Author: Simon Curtis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317915860
Size: 62.56 MB
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Cities have become increasingly important to global politics, but have largely occupied a peripheral place in the academic study of International Relations (IR). This is a notable oversight for the discipline, although one which may be explained by IR’s traditional state centrism, the subjugation of the city to the demands of the territorial state in the modern period, and a lack of conceptual and analytical frameworks that can allow scholars to include the impact of cities within their work. Presenting case-specific scholarship from leading experts in the field, each contribution guides the reader through the changing nature of cities in the international system and their increasing prominence in global governance outcomes. The book features case studies on the financial power of cities, city action in the security domain, collaboration of cities in coping with environmental problems, transnational urban regions, and mayors as international actors to illustrate if the relationship between the city and the state has changed in profound ways, and how cities are empowered by structural changes in world politics. The multidisciplinary and global focus in The Power of Cities in International Relations sheds much needed light on the significance of the reemergence of cities from the long shadow of the nation-state. Only by examining the mechanisms that have empowered cities in the last few decades can we understand their new functions and capabilities in global politics.

Das Recht Der Globalen Stadt

Author: Helmut Philipp Aust
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161547041
Size: 51.15 MB
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In einer Zeit rapider Urbanisierung werden Stadte und Gemeinden zunehmend zu international relevanten Akteuren. Ob in Fragen der nachhaltigen Entwicklung und des Klimaschutzes, der Gewahrleistung von Sicherheit oder zur Durchsetzung von Menschenrechten: Stadte und Gemeinden haben zahlreiche internationale Netzwerke gegrundet, kooperieren mit internationalen Organisationen und verschreiben sich der Durchsetzung volkerrechtlicher Normen. Helmut Philipp Austuntersucht diese Entwicklung und ordnet sie in die verfassungs- und verwaltungsrechtlichen Zusammenhange ebenso ein wie in die volker- und europarechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen. Der Autor formuliert zugleich einen Beitrag zu einer zeitgemassen Auslegung des Grundsatzes der kommunalen Selbstverwaltung, die diese internationale Bedingtheit stadtischen und gemeindlichen Handelns rezipiert.

Indian And Chinese Immigrant Communities

Author: Jayati Bhattacharya
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 1783084472
Size: 51.45 MB
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This interdisciplinary collection of essays offers a window onto the overseas Indian and Chinese communities in Asia. Contributors discuss the interactive role of the cultural and religious ‘other’, the diasporic absorption of local beliefs and customs, and the practical business networks and operational mechanisms unique to these communities. Growing out of an international workshop organized by the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies in Singapore and the Centre of Asian Studies at the University of Hong Kong, this volume explores material, cultural and imaginative features of the immigrant communities and brings together these two important communities within a comparative framework.

Der Offene Bundesstaat

Author: Bardo Fassbender
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161492181
Size: 27.48 MB
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English summary: Bardo Fassbender analyzes in detail the foreign relations powers and the international legal personality of the German Lander, or individual states, which is integral to the federal system established in Germany in 1949. He also examines the international legal status of sub-national state entities in Austria, Switzerland, Belgium, Italy and, in contrast, the United States. In his view, the international legal personality of such entities is a characteristic feature of a specifically European type of federal state. The comparatively strong position in international law which the German constitution of 1949 accorded to the Lander can only be understood against the background of German constitutional history of the 19th and 20th century. The Basic Law is standing in a tradition characteristic of German federalism, beginning with the constitution of the German Empire of 1871 and continued by the Weimar Constitution of 1919. The line of continuity can even be traced back to the Holy Roman Empire and to the German revolution of 1848 with its (eventually unsuccessful) project of a federal constitution drafted by the parliament in Frankfurt. German description: Bardo Fassbender entwickelt den Typus des offenen Bundesstaats europaischer Pragung. Diesen sieht er durch eine Offnung gegenuber der Volkerrechtsgemeinschaft gekennzeichnet, indem seine Teil- oder Gliedstaaten eigene volkerrechtliche Beziehungen zu auswartigen Staaten und anderen Volkerrechtssubjekten unterhalten konnen. Er untersucht insbesondere die auswartige Gewalt und die Volkerrechtsfahigkeit der bundesstaatlichen Teilstaaten und die Bedeutung einer solchen Rechtsstellung fur die von Umbruchen und Widerspruchen gepragte internationale Ordnung der Gegenwart. Im Mittelpunkt der Betrachtung steht der deutsche Bundesstaat von 1867/71, 1919 und 1949, doch finden in vergleichender Analyse auch andere europaische Bundes- und dezentralisierte Staaten, die Europaische Union und - im Kontrast - die USA Beachtung. In den Grenzen seines Themas zeichnet der Autor die grossen Linien der deutschen und auslandischen Rechtsentwicklung seit dem siebzehnten Jahrhundert nach, begnugt sich dabei aber nicht mit einem nur grob gezeichneten Bild, sondern dringt dort, wo es angezeigt erscheint, unter Auswertung der historischen Quellen auch in die Einzelheiten von Recht und Verfassungspolitik ein. Auf dieser Grundlage tragt er auch zur Losung dogmatischer Probleme des geltenden deutschen Verfassungsrechts bei, insbesondere der Frage, ob sich das volkerrechtliche Vertragschliessungsrecht des Bundes auch auf den Bereich der ausschliesslichen Gesetzgebung der Lander erstreckt.

The Quest For Security

Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231527659
Size: 49.82 MB
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The essays in this collection boldly confront the quest for security arising from the social, economic, environmental, and political crises and transformations of our century. Joseph E. Stiglitz and Mary Kaldor begin with an expansive, balanced analysis of the global landscape and the factors contributing to the growth of insecurity. Whereas earlier studies have touched on how globalization has increased economic insecurity and how geopolitical changes may have contributed to military insecurity, this volume looks for some common threads: in a globalized world without a global government, with a system of global governance not up to the task, how do we achieve security without looking inward and stepping back from globalization? In each of their areas of expertise, contributors seek answers to questions about how we achieve protection of those people who are most insecure without resorting to economic, military, or mafia protectionism. Some have suggested that the turmoil in the Eurozone "proves" the deficiencies in the welfare state. This book argues that the superior performance of Scandinavian countries arises from their superior systems of social protection, which allow their citizens to undertake greater risk and more actively participate in globalization. Some suggest that we can address terrorism or transnational crimes through the strengthening of borders or long-distance wars. This book develops the proposition that such approaches have the opposite effect and that only through spreading the human security experienced in well-ordered societies can these dangers be managed. This book also examines how these global changes play out, not only in the relations among countries and the management of globalization, but at every level of our society, especially in our cities. It explores the potential for cities to ensure personal security, promote political participation, and protect the environment in the face of increasing urbanization.

Kommunale Governance

Author: Helena Lindemann
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161534683
Size: 79.65 MB
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Die rechtswissenschaftliche Analyse begreift Stadte bislang uberwiegend als rein nationalen Regelungsgegenstand. Demgegenuber stehen Entwicklungen wie die Verabschiedung spezieller UN-Deklarationen zu Stadten oder die durch die Weltbank initiierte und angeleitete Privatisierung der kommunalen Daseinsvorsorge in zahlreichen Schwellen- und Entwicklungslandern. Dies offnet den Blick fur einen volkerrechtlichen Zugriff auf das Thema "Stadt." Als programmatische Konzepte zur Stadtentwicklung normieren die Weltbank oder das UN-Siedlungsprogramm UN-Habitat in Stadtstrategien Prinzipien wie Partizipation, Dezentralisierung, Privatisierung oder Good Urban Governance. Im Zentrum der Arbeit steht neben der exemplarischen Analyse und einer ideologiekritischen Lesart die dogmatisch schwierige Einordnung dieser internationalen Stadtstrategien als Volkerrecht.

Solid Waste Management In The World S Cities

Author: Un-Habitat,
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113654299X
Size: 43.95 MB
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In our rapidly urbanizing global society, solid waste management will be a key challenge facing all the world's cities. Solid Waste Management in the World's Cities provides a fresh perspective and new data on one of the biggest issues in urban development. Using the framework of Integrated Sustainable Waste Management (ISWM), the report brings together unprecedented research from 22 cities across six continents. It uncovers the rich diversity of waste management systems that are in place throughout the world, and draws out the practical lessons for policymakers. The volume will be essential reading for all professionals and policymakers in the field, as well as a valuable resource for researchers and students in all aspects of urban development. Winner of the International Solid Waste Association Publication Award 2010 Published with UN-Habitat.