Download the global gender gap report 2009 in pdf or read the global gender gap report 2009 in pdf online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get the global gender gap report 2009 in pdf book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.



The Global Gender Gap Report 2009

Author:
Publisher: World Economic Forum
ISBN: 9295044282
Size: 60.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 5692
Download and Read
"The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparions across regions and income groups, over time"-- Page 3.

Theorizing Cultures Of Political Violence In Times Of Austerity

Author: Joanna Rak
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351205730
Size: 65.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 3192
Download and Read
After the multidimensional financial crisis of 2008, the member states of the Eurozone imposed a set of economic policies to save their economies. Socially unpopular cuts contributed to the occurrence of violent movements that both opposed austerity policies and created animosity towards the politicians who implemented them. Combining qualitative and quantitative comparative analyses from anti-austerity movements in 14 Eurozone states from 2007 to 2015, Joanna Rak develops an original typology of patterns of a culture of political violence to explain why some anti-austerity movements turned to violence and others did not, despite having shared goals and political values. She uncovers the very nature of the differences and similarities between cultures of political violence, identifies their sources, and determines their differing results. Simultaneously, she opens a discussion on the exploratory and explanatory utility of the category of a culture of political violence in the Social Sciences. Theorizing Cultures of Political Violence in Times of Austerity casts new light on the scholarly debate on cultures of political violence and anti-austerity violent behavior, making it a compelling read for scholars of political sociology, political behaviour, comparative politics, European politics, and sociology.

Routledge Handbook Of Entrepreneurship In Developing Economies

Author: Colin C. Williams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317535146
Size: 56.84 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 7038
Download and Read
The Routledge Handbook of Entrepreneurship in Developing Economies is a landmark volume that offers a uniquely comprehensive overview of entrepreneurship in developing countries. Addressing the multi-faceted nature of entrepreneurship, chapters explore a vast range of subject areas including education, economic policy, gender and the prevalence and nature of informal sector entrepreneurship. In order to understand the process of new venture creation in developing economies, what it means to be engaged in entrepreneurship in a developing world context must be addressed. This handbook does so by exploring the difficulties, risks and rewards associated with being an entrepreneur, and evaluates the impacts of the environment, relationships, performance and policy dynamics on small and entrepreneurial firms in developing economies. The handbook brings together a unique collection of over forty international researchers who are all actively engaged in studying entrepreneurship in a developing world context. The chapters offer concise but detailed perspectives and explanations on key aspects of the subject across a diverse array of developing economies, spanning Africa, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe. In doing so, the chapters highlight the heterogeneity of entrepreneurship in developed economies, and contribute to the on-going policy discourses for managing and promoting entrepreneurial growth in the developing world. The book will be of great interest to scholars, students and policymakers in the areas of development economics, business and management, public policy and development studies.

Global Variations In The Political And Social Economy Of Care

Author: Shahra Razavi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415522501
Size: 53.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2451
Download and Read
Care work, both paid and unpaid, contributes to well-being, social development and economic growth. But the costs of providing care are unequally borne across gender and social class. Feminist scholarship on the gendered construction of welfare provisioning and welfare regimes has produced a conceptually strong and empirically grounded analysis of care, reinforcing the necessity of rethinking the distinctions between "the public" and "the private" as well as the links between them. Yet this analysis, premised on post-industrial contexts, does not travel easily to other parts of the world. Many of its core assumptions – about family structures, labor markets, state capacities, and public social provisioning – do not hold for a wider range of countries. Drawing on original research on the care economy in three developing regions (Africa, Asia, Latin America), this volume addresses a major empirical lacuna while facilitating a conversation across the North-South divide.

Undecided

Author: Barbara Kelley
Publisher: Seal Press
ISBN: 1580054021
Size: 79.94 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 4669
Download and Read
In a world of unprecedented opportunity—and pressure—women are struggling more than ever to make career decisions and move forward without second-guessing themselves. Young women graduate from college and believe they have to find the perfect path and then can’t decide which way to go. Undecided is an invaluable guide to this cultural phenomenon of “analysis paralysis.” Looking at both what the media and academic studies have reported on women, careers, and particularly the undecided phenomenon—as well as personal accounts from numerous women—mother and daughter Barbara and Shannon Kelley discuss how we got to this frustrating place, why it affects women in particular, and how today’s culture fuels our fears and distractions. The Kelleys cast a critical eye upon the psychology behind the pressure to choose, and they argue that if women are going to succeed in rising above the often-crippling demands of the modern world they need to take action . . . starting with a serious shift in perspective.

Gender Emotions And Labour Markets Asian And Western Perspectives

Author: Ann Brooks
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136848177
Size: 19.36 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 7445
Download and Read
Concepts of emotion and emotional labour have largely been defined in European and American terms and according to Euro-American sensibilities with little attention given to the question of whether emotional work or emotional labour is different globally. In particular little has been written about the issue of what defines emotions and emotional labour in public work contexts and how it is configured in different cultural contexts. Gender, Emotions and Labour Markets considers how, and in what ways, emotional labour characterises formal and informal work environments in both Asia and the West. Key themes covered include: human rights issues and gender equity in formal and informal work contexts in Asia and the West; men, masculinity and emotional labour; impact on the work-life balance of professional women in Asian and Western contexts; the impact of the ‘feminization of migration’ in servicing high-end economic professionals; the impact of the new economy, organizational constraints on labour markets; and demographic patterns such as fertility, procreation, marriage, divorce in both Asian and Western contexts.

Gender Disparities In Africa S Labor Market

Author: Jorge Saba Arbache
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821380702
Size: 48.76 MB
Format: PDF
View: 1594
Download and Read
Women's earnings are a fraction of male's earnings in several African countries. It is tempting to conclude that this wage gap is a sign of discrimination against women in the labor market. Yet this book uses new datasets to show that the gap is not simply the result of discrimination in the labor markets, but rather the result of multiple factors, including access to education and credit, cultural values and household duties, and, above all, labor market conditions. It shows that gender disparities grow when economies are not functioning well and labor markets are tiny. More than the effect of discrimination, it seems that job rationing causes those with better human capital and those with more power in the household usually the men to take the few jobs that are available. It is hardly surprising, then, that in a region where only a fraction of the labor force finds jobs in the formal sector, gender disparities in earnings are so high. The book further documents that firm-level and sector characteristics are additional powerful factors in explaining the gender disparities in the labor market. As the causes are not simple, neither are the solutions; multifaceted strategies are needed. By providing environments that support economic growth and, more importantly, job creation, as well as by promoting equal access for women to education and rethinking the attitudes that limit what women may achieve, governments in the region will substantially improve the well-being of all their peoples. 'Gender Disparities in Africa's Labor Market' helps to fill the knowledge gap and identify the links between gender disparities and poverty reduction. The work was implemented in collaboration with a range of poverty and labor market studies to maximize its usefulness for policy dialogue in specific countries. This book will be of interest to policy makers, students, academics, gender experts, and all those interested in gender issues and development.

International Security Studies

Author: Peter Hough
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317811755
Size: 65.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 4181
Download and Read
This new textbook provides students with a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the subject of security studies, with a strong emphasis on the use of case studies. In addition to presenting the major theoretical perspectives, the book examines a range of important and controversial topics in modern debates, covering both traditional military and non-military security issues, such as proliferation, humanitarian intervention, food security and environmental security. Unlike most standard textbooks, the volume also offers a wide range of case studies – including chapters on the USA, China, the Middle East, Russia, Africa, the Arctic, the Middle East, Europe and Latin America – providing detailed analyses of important global security issues. The 34 chapters contain pedagogical features such as textboxes, summary points and recommended further reading and are divided into five thematic sections: Conceptual and Theoretical Military Security Non-Military Security Institutions and Security Case Studies This textbook will be essential reading for all students of security studies and highly recommended for students of critical security studies, human security, peace and conflict studies, foreign policy and International Relations in general.

Democracy Ranking Edition 2012

Author: David F. J. Campbell
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3848217988
Size: 18.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7556
Download and Read
The Democracy Ranking measures on a regular and annual basis the quality of democracy and democracy improvement (increases and decreases of quality) in a world-wide comparison. The Democracy Ranking identifies one political and five non-political dimensions: politics (political system); gender equality (socioeconomic and educational); economy (economic system); knowledge (knowledge society and economy, education and research); health (health status and health system); and the environment (environmental sustainability). Quality of democracy leads to progress and quality of life. The Democracy Ranking Edition 2012 covers 110 countries. In this book you learn what quality of democracy means and what effect it has. Over 120 illustrations, and world maps in color, assist in understanding the world of democracy and for comparing the individual countries with each other. The Democracy Ranking offers new insight to 110 countries of the world by the world-wide ranking of democracies.