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The Global Gender Gap Report 2009

Author:
Publisher: World Economic Forum
ISBN: 9295044282
Size: 66.55 MB
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"The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparions across regions and income groups, over time"-- Page 3.

Geschlechtergerechtigkeit Und Chancengleichheit In Schweden Und Deutschland

Author: Maria Bauerschmidt
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656128634
Size: 72.12 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich Skandinavistik, Note: 1,0, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitat Jena, Veranstaltung: Skandinavien - Sehnsucht und Realitat, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Through the Global Gender Gap Reports, for the past five years, the World Economic Forum has been quantifying the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress over time. By providing a comprehensive framework for benchmarking global gender gaps, the Report reveals those countries that are role models in dividing resources equitably between women and men, regardless of their level of resources"(Schwab / Zahidi 2010: 6). Im Global Gender Gap Report 2010 wird deutlich, dass die skandinavischen Lander auf den Gebieten der Chancengleichheit und Geschlechtergerechtigkeit seit mehreren Jahren Vorreiter sind und den anderen Landern weltweit als benchmark-wurdige Vorbilder dienen (sollten). Warum aber sind die Skandinavier so viel besser als andere europaische Lander? In vorliegender Arbeit wird auf Grundlage der Ergebnisse des Global Gender Gap Reports 2010 eine Analyse und ein Vergleich der Geschlechterlucken in Schweden und in Deutschland angestellt. Nachdem in Kapitel 2 der Global Gender Gap Report 2010 und seine Ergebnisse vorgestellt und diskutiert werden, werden im nachfolgenden Kapitel die soziopolitischen Massnahmen beider Lander den Themen Chancengleichheit und Geschlechtergerechtigkeit zu begegnen, erortert und ein Vergleich gezogen

Theorizing Cultures Of Political Violence In Times Of Austerity

Author: Joanna Rak
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351205730
Size: 53.90 MB
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After the multidimensional financial crisis of 2008, the member states of the Eurozone imposed a set of economic policies to save their economies. Socially unpopular cuts contributed to the occurrence of violent movements that both opposed austerity policies and created animosity towards the politicians who implemented them. Combining qualitative and quantitative comparative analyses from anti-austerity movements in 14 Eurozone states from 2007 to 2015, Joanna Rak develops an original typology of patterns of a culture of political violence to explain why some anti-austerity movements turned to violence and others did not, despite having shared goals and political values. She uncovers the very nature of the differences and similarities between cultures of political violence, identifies their sources, and determines their differing results. Simultaneously, she opens a discussion on the exploratory and explanatory utility of the category of a culture of political violence in the Social Sciences. Theorizing Cultures of Political Violence in Times of Austerity casts new light on the scholarly debate on cultures of political violence and anti-austerity violent behavior, making it a compelling read for scholars of political sociology, political behaviour, comparative politics, European politics, and sociology.

Routledge Handbook Of Entrepreneurship In Developing Economies

Author: Colin C. Williams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317535146
Size: 10.90 MB
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The Routledge Handbook of Entrepreneurship in Developing Economies is a landmark volume that offers a uniquely comprehensive overview of entrepreneurship in developing countries. Addressing the multi-faceted nature of entrepreneurship, chapters explore a vast range of subject areas including education, economic policy, gender and the prevalence and nature of informal sector entrepreneurship. In order to understand the process of new venture creation in developing economies, what it means to be engaged in entrepreneurship in a developing world context must be addressed. This handbook does so by exploring the difficulties, risks and rewards associated with being an entrepreneur, and evaluates the impacts of the environment, relationships, performance and policy dynamics on small and entrepreneurial firms in developing economies. The handbook brings together a unique collection of over forty international researchers who are all actively engaged in studying entrepreneurship in a developing world context. The chapters offer concise but detailed perspectives and explanations on key aspects of the subject across a diverse array of developing economies, spanning Africa, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe. In doing so, the chapters highlight the heterogeneity of entrepreneurship in developed economies, and contribute to the on-going policy discourses for managing and promoting entrepreneurial growth in the developing world. The book will be of great interest to scholars, students and policymakers in the areas of development economics, business and management, public policy and development studies.

Armutsbek Mpfung Im Subsaharischen Afrika

Author: Philipp Lã¶Sel
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640779673
Size: 50.22 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Thema: Entwicklungspolitik, Note: 1,3, Ruprecht-Karls-Universitat Heidelberg (Institut fur Politische Wissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Entwicklungstheorien und Entwicklungspolitik, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Situation im subsaharischen Afrika wirft unweigerlich die Frage nach den Ursachen fur diese (Fehl-)Entwicklung auf, deren Klarung essentieller Bestandteil dieser Arbeit ist. Explizit lautet die Frage: Warum kam es trotz etwa einer Billion US$ Entwicklungshilfe in den letzten 50 Jahren zu dieser (Fehl-)Entwicklung Afrikas und worin ruhen Hoffnungen fur das subsaharische Afrika? Die aktuelle Forschungsliteratur geht diesbezuglich weit auseinander. Die linke Seite" sieht Subsahara-Afrika in der Armutsfalle gefangen, aus der es nur durch Entwicklungshilfe zu befreien sei. Die Armutsfalle wird vor allem durch geografische und okologische Faktoren bedingt, wie Krankheiten, extremes Klima, Binnenstaatlichkeit und "Von schlechten Nachbarn umgeben." Dabei sei Staatsversagen vor allem die Folge und weniger die Ursache der wirtschaftlichen Krise. Die Regierungen in Afrika versagen, weil Afrika arm ist." Zu nennen ist hier vor allem Jefrey Sachs' Das Ende der Armut." Die rechte Seite" hingegen sieht das Problem in der Entwicklungshilfe selbst. (Aid is) No longer part of the potential solution, it's part of the problem - in fact aid is the problem." Entwicklungshilfe hatte keine Auswirkung - die Armut wuchs und die Wachstumsraten fielen. Wachstum ware jedoch immer moglich, wenn sich die Gesellschaften, insbesondere die korrupten Regierungen, nur zusammenreissen wurden. Zu nennen sind hier Dead Aid" von Dambisa Moyo und Wir retten die Welt zu Tode" von William Easterly. Diese Arbeit wird versuchen, die Extreme zu vermeiden. Sie wahlt den Weg der Mitte. Entwicklungshilfe reicht allein nicht aus, um einen Umschwung fur die Gesellschaften des subsaharischen Afrikas zu bewirken. Aber sie

Gender Disparities In Africa S Labor Market

Author: Jorge Saba Arbache
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821380702
Size: 11.87 MB
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Women's earnings are a fraction of male's earnings in several African countries. It is tempting to conclude that this wage gap is a sign of discrimination against women in the labor market. Yet this book uses new datasets to show that the gap is not simply the result of discrimination in the labor markets, but rather the result of multiple factors, including access to education and credit, cultural values and household duties, and, above all, labor market conditions. It shows that gender disparities grow when economies are not functioning well and labor markets are tiny. More than the effect of discrimination, it seems that job rationing causes those with better human capital and those with more power in the household usually the men to take the few jobs that are available. It is hardly surprising, then, that in a region where only a fraction of the labor force finds jobs in the formal sector, gender disparities in earnings are so high. The book further documents that firm-level and sector characteristics are additional powerful factors in explaining the gender disparities in the labor market. As the causes are not simple, neither are the solutions; multifaceted strategies are needed. By providing environments that support economic growth and, more importantly, job creation, as well as by promoting equal access for women to education and rethinking the attitudes that limit what women may achieve, governments in the region will substantially improve the well-being of all their peoples. 'Gender Disparities in Africa's Labor Market' helps to fill the knowledge gap and identify the links between gender disparities and poverty reduction. The work was implemented in collaboration with a range of poverty and labor market studies to maximize its usefulness for policy dialogue in specific countries. This book will be of interest to policy makers, students, academics, gender experts, and all those interested in gender issues and development.

Geschlechtsspezifische Arbeitsmarktsegregation Und Einkommensunterschiede Theoretische Untersuchung Und Regressionsanalyse Der Situation In Deutschland Und Schweden

Author: Daniela Hortelano
Publisher: Bachelor + Master Publication
ISBN: 3863410785
Size: 45.59 MB
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Der erste und zweite Teil dieses Buches beinhalten eine Diskussion über Familienstrukturen sowie Einkommensunterschiede und ihre Ursachen in Deutschland und Schweden, basierend auf wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen. Hierbei werden die Entwicklungen der beiden Länder, ihre Erwerbsbeteiligungsquoten sowie Arbeitsmarktstrukturen und Armutsgefährdungsquoten verglichen. Im dritten Teil wird mithilfe einer Regressionsanalyse der Einfluss von Geschlecht und Familienstatus auf den Einkommensstatus untersucht. Der vierte Teil besteht aus einer Gegenüberstellung von Familie und Beruf. Zudem werden in einer umfassenden Diskussion die Ergebnisse der Regressionsanalyse sowie die neu erlangten Kenntnisse zusammengestellt.

International Security Studies

Author: Peter Hough
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317811755
Size: 39.86 MB
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This new textbook provides students with a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the subject of security studies, with a strong emphasis on the use of case studies. In addition to presenting the major theoretical perspectives, the book examines a range of important and controversial topics in modern debates, covering both traditional military and non-military security issues, such as proliferation, humanitarian intervention, food security and environmental security. Unlike most standard textbooks, the volume also offers a wide range of case studies – including chapters on the USA, China, the Middle East, Russia, Africa, the Arctic, the Middle East, Europe and Latin America – providing detailed analyses of important global security issues. The 34 chapters contain pedagogical features such as textboxes, summary points and recommended further reading and are divided into five thematic sections: Conceptual and Theoretical Military Security Non-Military Security Institutions and Security Case Studies This textbook will be essential reading for all students of security studies and highly recommended for students of critical security studies, human security, peace and conflict studies, foreign policy and International Relations in general.

Democracy Ranking Edition 2012

Author: David F. J. Campbell
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3848217988
Size: 67.88 MB
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The Democracy Ranking measures on a regular and annual basis the quality of democracy and democracy improvement (increases and decreases of quality) in a world-wide comparison. The Democracy Ranking identifies one political and five non-political dimensions: politics (political system); gender equality (socioeconomic and educational); economy (economic system); knowledge (knowledge society and economy, education and research); health (health status and health system); and the environment (environmental sustainability). Quality of democracy leads to progress and quality of life. The Democracy Ranking Edition 2012 covers 110 countries. In this book you learn what quality of democracy means and what effect it has. Over 120 illustrations, and world maps in color, assist in understanding the world of democracy and for comparing the individual countries with each other. The Democracy Ranking offers new insight to 110 countries of the world by the world-wide ranking of democracies.