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The Grasping Hand

Author: Ilya Somin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022645682X
Size: 44.52 MB
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In 2005, the Supreme Court ruled that the city of New London, Connecticut, could condemn fifteen residential properties in order to transfer them to a new private owner. Although the Fifth Amendment only permits the taking of private property for “public use,” the Court ruled that the transfer of condemned land to private parties for “economic development” is permitted by the Constitution—even if the government cannot prove that the expected development will ever actually happen. The Court’s decision in Kelo v. City of New London empowered the grasping hand of the state at the expense of the invisible hand of the market. In this detailed study of one of the most controversial Supreme Court cases in modern times, Ilya Somin argues that Kelo was a grave error. Economic development and “blight” condemnations are unconstitutional under both originalist and most “living constitution” theories of legal interpretation. They also victimize the poor and the politically weak for the benefit of powerful interest groups and often destroy more economic value than they create. Kelo itself exemplifies these patterns. The residents targeted for condemnation lacked the influence needed to combat the formidable government and corporate interests arrayed against them. Moreover, the city’s poorly conceived development plan ultimately failed: the condemned land lies empty to this day, occupied only by feral cats. The Supreme Court’s unpopular ruling triggered an unprecedented political reaction, with forty-five states passing new laws intended to limit the use of eminent domain. But many of the new laws impose few or no genuine constraints on takings. The Kelo backlash led to significant progress, but not nearly as much as it may have seemed. Despite its outcome, the closely divided 5-4 ruling shattered what many believed to be a consensus that virtually any condemnation qualifies as a public use under the Fifth Amendment. It also showed that there is widespread public opposition to eminent domain abuse. With controversy over takings sure to continue, The Grasping Hand offers the first book-length analysis of Kelo by a legal scholar, alongside a broader history of the dispute over public use and eminent domain and an evaluation of options for reform.

Eminent Domain

Author: Iljoong Kim
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316828670
Size: 52.50 MB
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The taking of private property for development projects has caused controversy in many nations, where it has often been used to benefit powerful interests at the expense of the general public. This edited collection is the first to use a common framework to analyze the law and economics of eminent domain around the world. The authors show that seemingly disparate nations face a common set of problems in seeking to regulate the condemnation of private property by the state. They include the tendency to forcibly displace the poor and politically weak for the benefit of those with greater influence, disputes over compensation, and resort to condemnation in cases where it destroys more economic value than it creates. With contributions from leading scholars in the fields of property law and economics, the book offers a comparative perspective and considers a wide range of possible solutions to these problems.

Compulsory Property Acquisition For Urban Densification

Author: Glen Searle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351386751
Size: 54.97 MB
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Densification has been a central method of achieving smart, sustainable cities across the world. This book explores international examples of the property rights tensions involved in attempting to develop denser, more sustainable cities through compulsory acquisition of property. The case studies from Europe, North America, eastern Asia and Australia show how well, or not, property rights have been recognised in each country. Chapters explore the significance of local legal frameworks and institutions in accommodating property rights in the densification process. In particular, the case studies address the following issues and more: Whether compulsory acquisition to increase densification is justified in practice and in theory The specific public benefits given for compulsory acquisition The role the development industry plays in facilitating, encouraging or promoting compulsory acquisition What compensation or offsets are offered for acquisition, and how are they funded? Is there a local or national history of compulsory property acquisition by government for a range of purposes? Is compulsory acquisition restricted to certain types or locations of densification? Where existing housing is acquired, are there obligations to provide alternative housing arrangements? The central aim of the book is to summarize international experiences of the extent to which property rights have or have not been protected in the use of compulsory property acquisition to achieve sustainable cities via urban densification. It is essential reading for all those interested in planning law, property rights, environmental law, urban studies, sustainable urban development and land use policy.

Phishing For Fools

Author: George A. Akerlof
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843713650
Size: 50.72 MB
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Seit Adam Smith ist eine der zentralen Thesen der Wirtschaftswissenschaften, dass freie Märkte und freier Wettbewerb die besten Voraussetzungen für allgemeinen Wohlstand sind. Die Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträger George Akerlof und Robert Shiller argumentieren dagegen, dass Märkte nicht von sich aus gutartig sind und sich auch nicht immer die besten Produkte durchsetzen. Die Autoren behandeln in diesem Buch erstmals die zentrale Rolle von Manipulation und Täuschung in der Wirtschaft. Anhand von zahlreichen Fallbeispielen zeigen sie, wie wir verleitet werden, mehr Geld auszugeben, als wir haben; wie wir von Werbung stärker beeinflusst werden, als wir glauben; warum wir oft zu viel bezahlen und wie massiv die Politik durch Wirtschaft beeinflusst wird. Was ist besonders? Zwei Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträger widerlegen die These der selbstregulierenden Märkte. Wer liest? • Alle, die sich für Verhaltensökonomie, freie Marktwirtschaft oder Wirtschaftstheorie interessieren

Democracy And Political Ignorance

Author: Ilya Somin
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804799350
Size: 33.25 MB
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One of the biggest problems with modern democracy is that most of the public is usually ignorant of politics and government. Many people understand that their votes are unlikely to change the outcome of an election and don't see the point in learning much about politics. This creates a nation of people with little political knowledge and little ability to objectively evaluate what they do know. The second edition of Democracy and Political Ignorance fully updates its analysis to include new and vital discussions on the implications of the "Big Sort" for politics, the link between political ignorance and the disproportionate political influence of the wealthy, assessment of proposed new strategies for increasing political knowledge, and up-to-date survey data on political ignorance during recent elections. Ilya Somin mines the depths of the current state of ignorance in America and reveals it as a major problem for democracy. He weighs various options for solving this problem, provocatively arguing that political ignorance is best mitigated and its effects lessened by decentralizing and limiting government. People make better decisions when they have stronger incentives to acquire relevant information—and to use it wisely.

Democrazia E Ignoranza Politica

Author: Ilya Somin
Publisher: IBL Libri
ISBN: 886440239X
Size: 37.34 MB
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La democrazia è il governo da parte del popolo, ma può funzionare se il popolo ignora cosa fanno i governanti? Uno dei maggiori problemi delle democrazie contemporanee riguarda proprio la scarsa preparazione dei cittadini, che non sono attrezzati per esaminare con cognizione di causa il contenuto delle decisioni politiche. Ciò è spesso la semplice conseguenza di un comportamento razionale: molti comprendono che il loro voto non può cambiare l’esito di un’elezione e pertanto non sono incentivati a informarsi sulla politica. Inoltre l’attività dello Stato è sempre più pervasiva e complessa: è pressoché scontato che gli elettori saranno incapaci di valutare le iniziative dei loro rappresentanti quando riguardano questioni sulle quali non hanno strumenti per maturare opinioni consapevoli. Ilya Somin ragiona su cause ed effetti dell’ignoranza politica. Le persone prendono decisioni migliori e più consapevoli se percepiscono in maniera evidente che la loro scelta avrà ricadute dirette sulla propria vita: come avviene per le decisioni che assumono, da consumatori, sul mercato. Per avere cittadini più informati, bisogna allora immaginare uno Stato più decentrato e meno complesso, più localizzato e meno pervasivo di quanto non lo sia oggi: “Il governo che governa meno non è sempre il migliore sotto ogni aspetto. Però è la forma di democrazia meno vulnerabile all’ignoranza politica. Il controllo democratico dello Stato funziona meglio quando c’è meno Stato da controllare”.

Zur Wohnungsfrage

Author: Friedrich Engels
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3843026246
Size: 55.41 MB
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Friedrich Engels: Zur Wohnungsfrage Entstanden Mai 1872 bis Januar 1873. Erstdruck in: Der Volksstaat (Leipzig), Juni 1872 – Februar 1873. Der Text folgt der zweiten, durchgesehenen Separatausgabe, Hottingen- Zürich 1887, für die Engels auch das Vorwort schrieb. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2013. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels: Werke. Herausgegeben vom Institut für Marxismus-Leninismus beim ZK der SED, 43 Bände, Band 18, Berlin: Dietz-Verlag, 1962. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage. Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Planet Der Slums

Author: Mike Davis
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783935936569
Size: 14.68 MB
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Mike Davis konstatiert in diesem ambitionierten und verstörenden Buch eine" Kopernikansche Wende"der menschlichen Siedlungsgeschichte. Denn nie zuvor überstieg der Anteil der Stadtbevölkerung den Anteil der auf dem Land Wohnenden und nie zuvor sah sich eine ungeheure Anzahl von über einer Milliarde Menschen gezwungen, ihr Überleben in Armut, im Schmutz der Müllhalden, ohne (sauberes) Wasser, ohne Toiletten, ohne irgendeine Art der Gesundheits- oder Sozialversorgung zu organisieren. Die Megaslums des" Südens"sind Ausdruck einer im höchsten Maße ungleichen und instabilen urbanen Welt. Hier treffen die sozialen Fronten der Globalisierung in radikaler Weise aufeinander.