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The Great Social Laboratory

Author: Omnia El Shakry
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804781923
Size: 52.95 MB
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The Great Social Laboratory charts the development of the human sciences—anthropology, human geography, and demography—in late nineteenth- and twentieth-century Egypt. Tracing both intellectual and institutional genealogies of knowledge production, this book examines social science through a broad range of texts and cultural artifacts, ranging from the ethnographic museum to architectural designs to that pinnacle of social scientific research—"the article." Omnia El Shakry explores the interface between European and Egyptian social scientific discourses and interrogates the boundaries of knowledge production in a colonial and post-colonial setting. She examines the complex imperatives of race, class, and gender in the Egyptian colonial context, uncovering the new modes of governance, expertise, and social knowledge that defined a distinctive era of nationalist politics in the inter- and post-war periods. Finally, she examines the discursive field mapped out by colonial and nationalist discourses on the racial identity of the modern Egyptians.

Foreign Policy As Nation Making

Author: Reem Abou-El-Fadl
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108633285
Size: 62.48 MB
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After the Second World War, Turkey and Egypt were among the most dynamic actors in the Middle East. Their 1950s foreign policies presented a puzzle, however: Turkey's Democrat Party pursued NATO membership and sponsored the pro-Western Baghdad Pact regionally, while Egypt's Free Officers promoted neutralism and pan-Arab alliances. This book asks why: what explains this divergence in a shared historical space? Rethinking foreign policy as an important site for the realisation of nationalist commitments, Abou-El-Fadl finds the answer in the contrasting nation making projects pursued by the two leaderships, each politicised differently through experiences of war, imperialism and underdevelopment. Drawing on untapped Turkish and Arabic sources, and critically engaging with theories of postcolonial nationalism, she emphasises local actors' agency in striving to secure national belonging, sovereignty and progress in the international field. Her analysis sheds light on the contemporary legacies of the decade which cemented Turkey's position in the Western Bloc and Egypt's reputation as Arab leader.

Working Out Egypt

Author: Wilson Chacko Jacob
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822346745
Size: 51.77 MB
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Describes how attempts to create a modern Egyptian self free from the colonial gaze were enacted through discourses of gender and sexuality during the British colonial period.

Gender And The Making Of Modern Medicine In Colonial Egypt

Author: Hibba Abugideiri
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754667209
Size: 29.30 MB
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Gender and the Making of Modern Medicine in Colonial Egypt investigates the use of medicine as a 'tool of Empire' to serve the state building processes in Egypt by the British colonial administration, which effectively transformed Egyptian medical practice and medical knowledge in ways that were decidedly gendered.The book shows how the introduction of colonial medical practices ultimately gendered Egyptian medicine in ways that privileged Egyptian men and masculinity, whilst relegating Egyptian women to maternal roles in the domicile. Thus, by interrogating how colonial medicinal was constituted, the book reveals how the rise of the modern state determined the social formation of native elites in ways directly tied to the formation of modern gender identities, and gender inequalities, in colonial Egypt.

The Arabic Freud

Author: Omnia El Shakry
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400888034
Size: 60.22 MB
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The first in-depth look at how postwar thinkers in Egypt mapped the intersections between Islamic discourses and psychoanalytic thought In 1945, psychologist Yusuf Murad introduced an Arabic term borrowed from the medieval Sufi philosopher and mystic Ibn ‘Arabi—al-la-shu‘ur—as a translation for Sigmund Freud’s concept of the unconscious. By the late 1950s, Freud’s Interpretation of Dreams had been translated into Arabic for an eager Egyptian public. In The Arabic Freud, Omnia El Shakry challenges the notion of a strict divide between psychoanalysis and Islam by tracing how postwar thinkers in Egypt blended psychoanalytic theories with concepts from classical Islamic thought in a creative encounter of ethical engagement. Drawing on scholarly writings as well as popular literature on self-healing, El Shakry provides the first in-depth examination of psychoanalysis in Egypt and reveals how a new science of psychology—or “science of the soul,” as it came to be called—was inextricably linked to Islam and mysticism. She explores how Freudian ideas of the unconscious were crucial to the formation of modern discourses of subjectivity in areas as diverse as psychology, Islamic philosophy, and the law. Founding figures of Egyptian psychoanalysis, she shows, debated the temporality of the psyche, mystical states, the sexual drive, and the Oedipus complex, while offering startling insights into the nature of psychic life, ethics, and eros. This provocative and insightful book invites us to rethink the relationship between psychoanalysis and religion in the modern era. Mapping the points of intersection between Islamic discourses and psychoanalytic thought, it illustrates how the Arabic Freud, like psychoanalysis itself, was elaborated across the space of human difference.

The Power Of Representation

Author: Michael Gasper
Size: 63.45 MB
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Traces the links between the development of modern Egyptian identity and the burgeoning Islamic modernist movement from the mid-1870s until the 1910s.

Consuming Desires

Author: Frances Hasso
Size: 73.66 MB
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Consuming Desires examines new forms of marriage emerging in Egypt and the United Arab Emirates in reaction, in part, to the governments' increasing attempts to control sexuality with shari'a law.