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The Gut Brain Axis

Author: Niall Hyland
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128025441
Size: 76.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Gut-Brain Axis: Dietary, Probiotic, and Prebiotic Interventions on the Microbiota examines the potential for microbial manipulation as a therapeutic avenue in central nervous system disorders in which an altered microbiota has been implicated, and explores the mechanisms, sometimes common, by which the microbiota may contribute to such disorders. Focuses on specific areas in which the microbiota has been implicated in gut-brain communication Examines common mechanisms and pathways by which the microbiota may influence brain and behavior Identifies novel therapeutic strategies targeted toward the microbiota in the management of brain activity and behavior

The Microbiota In Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology

Author: Martin H. Floch
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128040629
Size: 77.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology: Implications for Human Health, Prebiotics, Probiotics and Dysbiosis is a one-stop reference on the state-of-the-art research on gut microbial ecology in relation to human disease. This important resource starts with an overview of the normal microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract, including the esophagus, stomach, Ileum, and colon. The book then identifies what a healthy vs. unhealthy microbial community looks like, including methods of identification. Also included is insight into which features and contributions the microbiota make that are essential and useful to host physiology, as is information on how to promote appropriate mutualisms and prevent undesirable dysbioses. Through the power of synthesizing what is known by experienced researchers in the field, current gaps are closed, raising understanding of the role of the microbiome and allowing for further research. Explains how to modify the gut microbiota and how the current strategies used to do this produce their effects Explores the gut microbiota as a therapeutic target Provides the synthesis of existing data from both mainstream and non-mainstream sources through experienced researchers in the field Serves as a ‘one-stop’ shop for a topic that’s currently spread across a number of various journals

Gastrointestinal Physiology

Author: Menizibeya Osain Welcome
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319910566
Size: 37.27 MB
Format: PDF
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This book offers one of the most comprehensive reviews in the field of gastrointestinal (GI) physiology, guiding readers on a journey through the complete digestive tract, while also highlighting related organs and glandular systems. It is not solely limited to organ system physiology, and related disciplines like anatomy and histology, but also examines the molecular and cellular processes that keep the digestive system running. As such, the book provides extensive information on the molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, and system levels of functions in the GI system. Chapters on the roles of the gut as an endocrine, exocrine and neural organ, as well as its microbiome functions, broaden readers’ understanding of the multi-organ networks in the human body. To help illustrate the interconnections between the physiological concepts, principles and clinical presentations, it outlines clinical examples such as pathologies that link basic science with clinical practice in special “clinical correlates” sections. Covering both traditional and contemporary topics, it is a valuable resource for biomedical students, as well as healthcare and scientific professionals.

Fermented Foods In Health And Disease Prevention

Author: Juana Frías
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128025492
Size: 73.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Fermented Foods in Health and Disease Prevention is the first scientific reference that addresses the properties of fermented foods in nutrition by examining their underlying microbiology, the specific characteristics of a wide variety of fermented foods, and their effects in health and disease. The current awareness of the link between diet and health drives growth in the industry, opening new commercial opportunities. Coverage in the book includes the role of microorganisms that are involved in the fermentation of bioactive and potentially toxic compounds, their contribution to health-promoting properties, and the safety of traditional fermented foods. Authored by worldwide scientists and researchers, this book provides the food industry with new insights on the development of value-added fermented foods products, while also presenting nutritionists and dieticians with a useful resource to help them develop strategies to assist in the prevention of disease or to slow its onset and severity. Provides a comprehensive review on current findings in the functional properties and safety of traditional fermented foods and their impact on health and disease prevention Identifies bioactive microorganisms and components in traditional fermented food Includes focused key facts, helpful glossaries, and summary points for each chapter Presents food processors and product developers with opportunities for the development of fermented food products Helps readers develop strategies that will assist in preventing or slowing disease onset and severity

Human Microbiota In Health And Disease

Author: Bryan Tungland
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128146508
Size: 77.97 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Human Gut Microbiota in Health and Disease: From Pathogenesis to Therapy is a comprehensive discussion on all the aspects associated with the early colonization of gut microbiota, its development and maintenance, and its symbiotic relationship with the host in promoting health. Chapters illustrate the complex mechanisms and metabolic signaling pathways related to how the gut microbiota maintain proper regulation of glucose, lipid and energy homeostasis and immune response, all while mediating inflammatory processes involved in the etiology of many chronic disease conditions. With today's common use of pharmaceutical medicine in treating symptoms and frequent overuse of antibiotics in chronic disease within mainstream medical practice, our understanding of the etiological mechanisms of dysbiosis-induced chronic disease and natural approaches to prevention and potential cures for these diseases is of vital importance to overall human health. Details the complex relationship between human microbiota in the gut, oral cavity and skin as well as their colonization, development and impact of factors that influence the relationship Illustrates the mechanisms associated with dysbiosis-associated inflammation and its role in the onset and progression in chronic disease Provides the primary mechanisms and comprehensive scientific evidence for the use of dietary modification and pro- and prebiotics in preventing chronic disease

Handbook Of Developmental Neurotoxicology

Author: William Slikker, Jr.
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128093943
Size: 78.11 MB
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Handbook of Developmental Neurotoxicology, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive view of the fundamental aspects of neurodevelopment, the pathways and agents that affect them, relevant clinical syndromes, and risk assessment procedures for developmental neurotoxicants. The editors and chapter authors are internationally recognized experts whose collaboration heralds a remarkable advance in the field, bridging developmental neuroscience with the principles of neurotoxicology. The book features eight new chapters with newly recruited authors, making it an essential text for students and professionals in toxicology, neurotoxicology, developmental biology, pharmacology, and neuroscience. Presents a comprehensive, up-to-date resource on developmental neurotoxicology with updated chapters from the first edition Contains new chapters that focus on subjects recent to the field Includes well-illustrated material, with diagrams, charts, and tables Contains compelling case studies and chapters written by world experts

Probiotics And Prebiotics In Food Nutrition And Health

Author: Semih Otles
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466586249
Size: 17.32 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Presenting the work of international experts who discuss all aspects of probiotics and prebiotics, this volume reviews current scientific understanding and research being conducted in this area. The book examines the sources and production of probiotics and prebiotics. It explores their use in gastrointestinal disorders, infections, cancer prevention, allergies, asthma, and other disorders. It also discusses the use of these supplements in infant, elderly, and animal nutrition, and reviews regulations and safety issues.

Diet Microbe Interactions In The Gut

Author: Kieran Tuohy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124079415
Size: 69.19 MB
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Drawing on expert opinions from the fields of nutrition, gut microbiology, mammalian physiology, and immunology, Diet-Microbe Interactions for Human Health investigates the evidence for a unified disease mechanism working through the gut and its resident microbiota, and linking many inflammation-related chronic diet associated diseases. State of the art post-genomic studies can highlight the important role played by our resident intestinal microbiota in determining human health and disease. Many chronic human diseases associated with modern lifestyles and diets — including those localized to the intestinal tract like inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease, and more pervasive systemic conditions such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease — are characterized by aberrant profiles of gut bacteria or their metabolites. Many of these diseases have an inflammatory basis, often presenting with a chronic low-grade systemic inflammation, hinting at persistent and inappropriate activation of inflammatory pathways. Through the presentation and analysis of recent nutrition studies, this book discusses the possible mechanisms underpinning the disease processes associated with these pathologies, with high fat diets appearing to predispose to disease, and biologically active plant components, mainly fiber and polyphenols, appearing to reduce the risk of chronic disease development. One comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of nutrition and diet's effect on gastrointestinal health and disease Experts in nutrition, diet, microbiology and immunology take readers from the bench research (cellular and biochemical mechanisms of vitamins and nutrients) to new preventive and therapeutic approaches Clear presentations by leading researchers of the cellular mechanisms underlying diet, immune response, and gastrointestinal disease help practicing nutritionists and clinicians (gastroenterologists, endocrinologists) map out new areas for clinical research and structuring clinical recommendations

Complementary And Alternative Medicine In Inflammatory Bowel Disease An Issue Of Gastroenterology Clinics Of North America E Book

Author: Ali Keshavarzian
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 032355279X
Size: 66.79 MB
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Dr. Keshavarzian and Dr. Mutlu are well published in the area of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the managmement of IBD are are considered top experts. They have assembled authority authors to present the latest clinical thinking on the use of CAM in IBD. Articles in this issue are devoted to: Use of CAM in IBD Around the World; Microbiota in IBD; Diet in IBD; Probiotics and IBD; Prebiotics and IBD; Fecal Transplant and IBD; Brain/Gut Axis, Stress and IBD; The Psychology of the IBD patient, and the Role of Lifestyle Modification and Hypnosis in Management; Role of Mindfulness and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in IBD; Sleep and Circadian Hygiene and IBD; Herbs and IBD; Massage Acupuncture, Moxibustion and Other Forms of CAM in IBD; Exercise and IBD; Vitamins and Minerals in IBD; Dietary Therapies in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: An Evolving IBD Paradigm; and Integrating CAM into Clinical practice in IBD: Pros and Cons. Readers should come away with sound clinical information that will aid them in the mangement of this disease.

Issues In Pharmacology Pharmacy Drug Research And Drug Innovation 2011 Edition

Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464963444
Size: 67.24 MB
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Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation. The editors have built Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.